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Forest history: international studies on socio-economic and forest ecosystem change. Report No.2 of the IUFRO Task Force on Environmental Change.

Book cover for Forest history: international studies on socio-economic and forest ecosystem change. Report No.2 of the IUFRO Task Force on Environmental Change.


This book presents edited and revised versions of 31 papers selected from those presented at a major conference on 'History and forest resources', held in Florence, Italy, in 1998. It also includes an introduction by the first editor. The book is a companion volume to 'Methods and approaches in forest history' (IUFRO Research Series No. 3), which is also based on papers from the conference, and pu...


Chapter 28 (Page no: 351)

A brief history of Italian forest policy.

Italy's forest policy, based on the Royal Decree no. 3267 of 1923, consists mainly of regulatory instruments (hydrogeological constraint, provincial forest regulations, forest management plans compulsory for public forests) aimed at guaranteeing the protective function of the mountain forests, foremost against hydrogeological risk and against natural forces (strong winds, avalanches and rockfall). The state forest policy had been implemented directly by the State Forestry Service (Corpo Forestale dello Stato, CFS) and the State Company for State Forests until 1977, when the state transferred its administrative functions concerning forests to the regions. The regions with an Ordinary Statute started to develop, within the framework of the state forest law, their own forest policies. These were characterized by a hybrid state/region competence and a regional delegation system determining a complex and multilevel administrative structure, involving many public institutions but not efficiently coordinated. In 1985 the Galasso law (a landscape law) extended the landscape constraint to forests, but it resulted to some extent in negative effects because of unclear formulation of its measures. The regions with Ordinary Statute forest administration suffered mainly because of a delay in regionalization, which in fact turned out to be prevalently nominal, and because of the conflicts in forest land uses, which the forest law of 1923 was not able to predict.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction: factors and processes in the history of forest resources. Author(s): Agnoletti, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Forest resources and economic development in the Meuse Valley from the 11th to the 17th centuries on the basis of a study of river traffic. Author(s): Suttor, M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 37) 'The coveted tree': the industrial threat to the Vosges forest in the 16th and 18th centuries. Author(s): Garnier, E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 49) The war of the plants: botanical exchange and agricultural conquest of the New World during colonial times. Author(s): Amodio, E.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 65) The historic evolution of the Haitian forest. Author(s): Hatzenberger, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 79) Forests and forestry culture in Tuscany in the 18th and 19th centuries. Author(s): Nanni, P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 93) Earlier images of the Amazon in the USA. Author(s): Sedrez, L. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 109) The tree and the machine: manufacture, communities and institutions in the woods of southern Italy. Author(s): Armiero, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 119) The Muniellos Forests (Asturias, Spain) in history. Author(s): Pablo Torrente, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 127) A French illusion: the scarcity of forest resources, 1814-1914. Author(s): Corvol-Dessert, A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 143) Shortage of wood? Towards a new approach in forest history: the Palatinate in the 19th century. Author(s): Grewe, B. S.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 153) Socio-economic development and changing mental concepts (re)shaping the woods in a German region of low mountain ranges: contributions of a study on a regional level to the discussion of major issues of forest history. Author(s): Modert, G.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 161) Historical interactions between agricultural and forest utilization in the Austrian alps and their impact on the present forest condition. Author(s): Johann, E.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 171) Exploiting the last phase of the North European Timber Frontier for the international market 1890-1914: an economic-historical approach. Author(s): Björklund, J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 185) 'Impossible' roads and 'inaccessible' woods: aspects and problems of wood transport in the 18th century, southern Italy. Author(s): Gangemi, M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 195) Parks, plebs and the picturesque: Sherwood forest as a contested landscape in later Georgian England, 1770-1830. Author(s): Cowell, B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 211) Social and environmental determining factors of forest fire history: the case of eastern Andalusia, 1840-1890. Author(s): Cruz Artacho, S. Gonzales de Molina, M. Núñez Delgado, M. Ortega, A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 223) Common woodlands in Mediterranean societies: commercial management versus forms of peasant resistance in Andalusia (Spain), 1750-1930. Author(s): Ortega Santos, A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 237) Biodiversity conservation in Central Himalaya: a people's approach. Author(s): Rawat, A. S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 253) People's struggle against the institution of royal forest reserves in England in the 11th-14th centuries. Author(s): Serovayskay, J. J.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 263) In the wood of neglect. Author(s): Dargavel, J.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 279) Law, forest resources and management of territory in the late Middle Ages: woodlands in Tuscan municipal statutes. Author(s): Salvestrini, F.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 289) A brief history of forest changes in the Sila Greca mountains. Author(s): Gallo, M. A. Iovino, F.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 307) Economic culture and forest policy in Italy, 1861-1915. Author(s): Raffaelli, T.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 313) Forest policy and public forest production in Spain, 1855-1936. Author(s): Gallego Martínez, D. Jiménez Blanco, J. I. Sebastián Amarilla, J. A. Zambrana Pineda, J. F. Zapata Blanco, S.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 321) Economic policy and forest resources in Spain: the case of the province of Pontevedra, 1926-1956. Author(s): Rico Boquete, E.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 337) The impact of five forest commissions on the history and practice of forestry in British Columbia, Canada. Author(s): Mitchell-Banks, P.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 363) A history of the French coniferous forest. Author(s): Moriniaux, V.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 371) Imagining and creating forests in Britain, 1890-1939. Author(s): Tsouvalis, J. Watkins, C.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 387) Some aspects of forest management in Spain from the 16th to the 19th century. Author(s): Manuel, C. M.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 397) The impact of economic, social and political factors on the ecology of small English woodlands: a case study of the ancient woods in South Yorkshire, England. Author(s): Rotherham, I. D. Jones, M.