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CABI Book Chapter

Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation.

Book cover for Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation.

Description

This book includes a theoretical framework, 8 case studies from Latin America, 4 from sub-Saharan Africa and 4 from South East Asia, in addition to two studies on the historical experience of developed countries in Europe and the USA which discuss whether improvements in agricultural technology protect or endanger tropical forests. The studies address the view of many in the development, environme...

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Chapter 18 (Page no: 335)

Deforestation, irrigation, employment and cautious optimism in southern Palawan, the Philippines.

An examination was made of the way in which the introduction of lowland irrigation systems, a form of technical progress, has affected the demand for labour and, by extension, farmers' activities near the forest margins in Palawan. Agricultural outcomes are compared in two adjacent and similar rice-farming communities, one newly irrigated and the other rain-fed. Although irrigated farms demand less labour per hectare in each cropping season, they demand more total labour because they grow more crops per year than rain-fed farms. Some of the additional workers came from the uplands, and upland households that obtained additional employment reduced their forest clearing by a small but statistically significant amount.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction: the role of agricultural technologies in tropical deforestation. Author(s): Angelsen, A. Kaimowitz, D.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Technological change and deforestation: a theoretical overview. Author(s): Angelsen, A. Soest, D. van Kaimowitz, D. Bulte, E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 35) The transition from deforestation to reforestation in Europe. Author(s): Mather, A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 53) Did a green revolution restore the forests of the American South? Author(s): Rudel, T. K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 69) A general equilibrium analysis of technology, migration and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. Author(s): Cattaneo, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 91) Will intensifying pasture management in Latin America protect forests - or is it the other way round? Author(s): White, D. Holmann, F. Fujisaka, S. Reategui, K. Lascano, C.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 113) Intensified small-scale livestock systems in the Western Brazilian Amazon. Author(s): Vosti, S. A. Carpentier, C. L. Witcover, J. Valentim, J. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 135) Technological progress versus economic policy as tools to control deforestation: the Atlantic zone of Costa Rica. Author(s): Roebeling, P. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Land use, agricultural technology and deforestation among settlers in the Ecuadorean Amazon. Author(s): Pichon, F. Marquette, C. Murphy, L. Bilsborrow, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 167) Ecuador goes bananas: incremental technological change and forest loss. Author(s): Wunder, S.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 195) Soybean technology and the loss of natural vegetation in Brazil and Bolivia. Author(s): Kaimowitz, D. Smith, J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 213) Kudzu-improved fallows in the Peruvian Amazon. Author(s): Yanggen, D. Reardon, T.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 231) Ambiguous effects of policy reforms on sustainable agricultural intensification in Africa. Author(s): Reardon, T. Barrett, C. B.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) A century of technological change and deforestation in the Miombo woodlands of northern Zambia. Author(s): Holden, S.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 271) Livestock disease control and the changing landscapes of South-west Ethiopia. Author(s): Reid, R. S. Thornton, P. K. Kruska, R. L.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 291) Tree crops as deforestation and reforestation agents: the case of cocoa in Côte d'Ivoire and Sulawesi. Author(s): Ruf, F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 317) Agriculture and deforestation in tropical Asia: an analytical framework. Author(s): Jayasuriya, S.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 347) Agricultural development policies and land expansion in a Southern Philippine watershed. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Shively, G. Shuai XiaoBing
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 367) The impact of rubber on the forest landscape in Borneo. Author(s): Jong, W. de
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 383) Agricultural technology and forests: a recapitulation. Author(s): Angelsen, A. Kaimowitz, D.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 403) Policy recommendations. Author(s): Kaimowitz, D. Angelsen, A.

Chapter details