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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Rural aquaculture.

Book cover for Rural aquaculture.

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Chapter 15 (Page no: 197)

Genetic technologies focused on poverty? A case study of genetically improved tilapia (GMT) in the Philippines.

This chapter examines the potential of genetics-based technologies to enhance the livelihoods of poor people in developing countries, in the context of current development paradigms. Issues related to impacts on production and producers, fish consumers, and on employment opportunities, are discussed using a case study of a technology for the production of genetically male tilapia (GMT), which has been developed and disseminated since 1995 in the Philippines. Small-scale tilapia culture in the Philippines is characterized, and criteria by which small-scale, poor farmers can be identified are outlined. Analysis of current dissemination strategies revealed that ongoing 'passive' mechanisms, while providing for sustainable dissemination, do not reach many small-scale farmers. However, small-scale, poor farmers do stand to benefit, in terms of improved livelihoods, from appropriate genetics-based technologies. Tilapia play an important role in the diet of both the urban and rural poor in the Philippines who stand to benefit greatly from contributions that genetic technologies can make to improved production efficiency. Evaluation of a number of alternative dissemination strategies indicates that strategic, supported partnerships with non-governmental organizations and people's organizations are most likely to be effective in targeting the benefits of the technology at poor farmers. Alternatively, providing improved broodstock to small-scale hatcheries, combined with appropriate technical and financial support, can also be effective in targeting small-scale farmers. Recommendations for further research and modifications to ongoing dissemination strategies to enhance the benefits of genetics-based technologies for the poor are made.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The ricefield catch and rural food security. Author(s): Gregory, R. Guttman, H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 15) Developing appropriate interventions for rice-fish cultures. Author(s): Gregory, R. Guttman, H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) A framework for research into the potential for integration of fish production in irrigation systems. Author(s): Murray, F. Little, D. C. Haylor, G. Felsing, M. Gowing, J. Kodithuwakku, S. S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 41) Economics and adoption patterns of integrated rice-fish farming in Bangladesh. Author(s): Gupta, M. V. Sollows, J. D. Mazid, M. A. Rahman, A. Hussain, M. G. Dey, M. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 55) Promotion of small-scale pond aquaculture in the Red River delta, Vietnam. Author(s): Luu, L. T. Trang, P. V. Cuong, N. X. Demaine, H. Edwards, P. Pant, J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 77) Eco-technological analysis of fish farming households in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Author(s): Pekar, F. Be, N. V. Long, D. N. Cong, N. V. Dung, D. T. Olah, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 97) Aquaculture for diversification of small farms within forest buffer zone management: an example from the uplands of Quirino province, Philippines. Author(s): Prein, M. Oficial, R. Bimbao, M. A. Lopez, T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 111) A description of the rice-prawn-fish systems of Southwest Bangladesh. Author(s): Chapman, G. Abedin, J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 117) Fertilisation of ponds with inorganic fertilisers: low cost technologies for small-scale farmers. Author(s): Pant, J. Promthong, P. Lin, C. K. Demaine, H.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 129) Improved management of small-scale tropical cage culture systems in Bangladesh: potential benefits of an alliance between an NGO and a western research institute. Author(s): McAndrew, K. I. Brugere, C. Beveridge, M. C. M. Ireland, M. J. Roy, T. K. Yesmin, K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 143) Towards sustainable development of floating net cage culture for income security in rural Indonesia: a case study of common carp production at Lake Maninjau, Indonesia. Author(s): Munzir, A. Heidhues, F.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 155) Promoting aquaculture by building the capacity of local institutions: developing fish seed supply networks in the Lao PDR. Author(s): Lithdamlong, D. Meusch, E. Innes-Taylor, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 167) Carp seed production for rural aquaculture at Sarakana village in Orissa: a case study. Author(s): Radheyshyam
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 185) Freshwater fish seed quality in Asia. Author(s): Little, D. C. Satapornvanit, A. Edwards, P.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 227) Small-scale fish culture in Northwest Bangladesh: a participatory appraisal focusing on the role of tilapia. Author(s): Barman, B. K. Little, D. C. Edwards, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 245) Culture of small indigenous fish species in seasonal ponds in Bangladesh: the potential for production and impact on food and nutrition security. Author(s): Roos, N. Thilsted, S. H. Wahab, M. A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 253) Gender division of labour in integrated agriculture/aquaculture of Northeast Thailand. Author(s): Setboonsarng, S.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Farmer-managed trials and extension of rural aquaculture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Author(s): Phuong, N. T. Long, D. N. Varadi, L. Jeney, Z. Pekar, F.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 285) Improving the efficiency of aquaculture extension activity in the southeastern provinces of Southern Vietnam. Author(s): Tu, N. V. Giang, T. T.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 301) The effectiveness of a model fisheries village approach to aquaculture extension in Northwest Bangladesh. Author(s): Islam, M. Mardall, N.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 307) Participatory development of aquaculture extension materials and their effectiveness in transfer of technology: the case of the AIT Aqua Outreach Programme, Northeast Thailand. Author(s): Turongruang, D. Demaine, H.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 323) Issues in rural aquaculture. Author(s): Edwards, P. Little, D. C. Demaine, H.

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