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CABI Book Chapter

'Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management'. Papers presented at a IUFRO/CIFOR/FAO conference 'Sustainable forest management: fostering stakeholder input to advance development of scientifically based indicators' held in Melbourne, Australia, August 1998.

Book cover for 'Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management'. Papers  presented at a IUFRO/CIFOR/FAO conference 'Sustainable forest management: fostering stakeholder input to advance development of scientifically based indicators' held in Melbourne, Australia, August 1998.

Description

The book contains the peer-reviewed, revised and edited invited keynote, overview and review papers presented at a IUFRO/CIFOR/FAO conference for each of the seven generic sustainability criteria for forest management. The sustainability criteria covered are: (i) social and economic functions and conditions; (ii) legal and institutional frameworks; (iii) productive capacity; (iv) ecosystem health ...

Metrics

Chapter 18 (Page no: 391)

Spatial patterns and fragmentation: indicators for conserving biodiversity in forest landscapes.

Despite the variety of definitions, or perhaps because of it, ecologically sustainable forest management is now the dominant paradigm guiding resource use in forest landscapes. Stakeholders have diverse and changing expectations from forests which need to be addressed by forest managers and planners. A toolbox of indicators is available to help assess and monitor success in meeting these expectations sustainably, ranging from attributes of landscapes or habitats to distributions and abundances of indicator species. These indicators cannot be perfect or definitive, but it is important that they lead to a shared and ecologically sound understanding of what really happens in the forest. This chapter focuses on indicators of spatial pattern and forest fragmentation, a major process impacting on biodiversity. It develops an understanding upon which key indicators can be developed, and considers alternative approaches to assessing and monitoring fragmentation and its biological effects at the landscape scale. Forest fragmentation and its effects are a complex problem. Currently, there are few tested and proven indicators for assessing and monitoring the forest fragmentation process. Scale is critical to understanding of the problem and developing meaningful indicators. When we as humans view forests at different scales, we view spatial patterns, and may use such patterns to describe or summarize what we see. Particular patterns (e.g. patch or edge distributions) have important implications for biodiversity conservation. The few empirical studies show that relationships vary according to scale, and the spatial and temporal context and species under consideration. It is important that these relationships are studied, so that sustainable forest management can be improved adaptively, and fragmentation indicators developed and their limitations understood. It is also clear that patterns need to be managed now at the landscape scale, with imperfect knowledge, to produce a diversity of structures and spatial patterns necessary to cope with the uncertainties in biodiversity conservation.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 5) Application of criteria and indicators to support sustainable forest management: some key issues. Author(s): Raison, R. J. Flinn, D. W. Brown, A. G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Policy inflation, capacity constraints: can criteria and indicators bridge the gap? Author(s): Bass, S.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 39) Between voodoo science and adaptive management: the role and research needs for indicators of sustainable forest management. Author(s): Prabhu, R. Ruitenbeek, H. J. Boyle, T. J. B. Colfer, C. J. P.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 67) 'Whose forest is this, anyway?' Criteria and indicators on access to resources. Author(s): Colfer, C. J. P. Salim, A. Tiani, A. M. Tchikangwa, B. Sardjono, M. A. Prabhu, R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 93) Representing the future: a framework for evaluating the utility of indicators in the search for sustainable forest management. Author(s): McCool, S. F. Stankey, G.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 107) SFM indicators as tools in political and economic contexts: actual and potential roles. Author(s): Rametsteiner, E.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Legal frameworks in criteria and indicator approaches. Author(s): Eeronheimo, O.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 145) Collaborative action and technology transfer as means of strengthening the implementation of national-level criteria and indicators. Author(s): CastaƱeda, F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 165) Inventory and forecasting productive capacity for natural forests. Author(s): Penny, R. Brack, C. Gadow, K. von Lund, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 183) Indicators for sustained productive capacity of New Zealand and Australian plantation forests. Author(s): Smith, C. T. Gordon, A. D. Payn, T. W. Richardson, B. Schoenholtz, S. H. Skinner, M. F. Snowdon, P. West, G. G.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 199) Indicators to guide management for multiple forest use. Author(s): Beese, F. O. Ludwig, B.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 215) Impacts of environmental stress on forest health: the need for more accurate indicators. Author(s): Innes, J. L. Karnosky, D. F.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 231) Guiding concepts for the application of indicators to interpret change in soil properties and processes in forests. Author(s): Raison, R. J. Rab, M. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 259) Catchment and process studies in forest hydrology: implications for indicators of sustainable forest management. Author(s): Roberts, J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 311) The role of forests in the global carbon cycle. Author(s): Kirschbaum, M. U. F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 341) Ecosystem-level forest biodiversity and sustainability assessments for forest management. Author(s): Finegan, B. Palacios, W. Zamora, N. Delgado, D.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 379) Assessing the success of off-reserve forest management in contributing to biodiversity conservation. Author(s): Kanowski, P. J. Cork, S. J. Lamb, D. Dudley, N.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 423) An approach to indicators for sustainable forest management at the sub-national level in European forestry. Author(s): Roman-Amat, B. Hermeline, M. Michon, J. M.