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CABI Book Chapter

Natural resources management in African agriculture: understanding and improving current practices.

Book cover for Natural resources management in African agriculture: understanding and improving current practices.

Description

This book synthesizes existing information on the adoption of natural resource management investments and strategies (such as soil fertility improvements or erosion control) for agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. It also critically examines current analytical methods and generates research and policy recommendations. Topics covered include: farmers' objectives and learning processes; willingness a...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 77)

Sustainable management of private and communal lands in Northern Ethiopia.

This paper synthesizes results of a study conducted in the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray, which has experienced severe land degradation. The paper examines the technological and institutional factors determining the adoption of natural resource conservation at both the household and the community levels. Using 1995-96 data from 250 Tigray farm-household interviews, the paper first examines private land management, focusing on the following issues: the factors that determine farmer perceptions of the severity and yield impact of soil erosion; the profitability of soil conservation; and the factors that determine farmers' willingness to invest in soil conservation. Using 1998-99 data from a survey of 100 Tigray villages, the paper next examines the management of communal lands (grazing lands and wood lots), focusing on two additional issues: the factors that make communities engage in collective natural resource management (NRM) activities; and the determinants of effective collective NRM. Overall, the Tigray experience suggests that the NRM adoption process hinges not only on the natural environment, but also on the human institutional environment and the kind of decision maker.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The challenge of stimulating adoption of improved natural resource management practices in African agriculture. Author(s): Barrett, C. B. Place, F. Aboud, A. A. Brown, D. R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 23) Social capital and social learning in the process of natural resource management. Author(s): Pretty, J. Buck, L.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 35) The limits of knowledge: securing rural livelihoods in a situation of resource scarcity. Author(s): Peters, P. E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 51) Farmers' use and adaptation of alley farming in Nigeria. Author(s): Adesina, A. A. Chianu, J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 65) Farmers as co-developers and adopters of green-manure cover crops in West and Central Africa. Author(s): Tarawali, G. Douthwaite, B. Haan, N. C. de Tarawali, S. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 91) Poverty and land degradation: peasants' willingness to pay to sustain land productivity. Author(s): Holden, S. T. Shiferaw, B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 103) Input use and conservation investments among farm households in Rwanda: patterns and determinants. Author(s): Clay, D. C. Kelly, V. Mpyisi, E. Reardon, T.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 115) Agroforestry adoption decisions, structural adjustment and gender in Africa. Author(s): Gladwin, C. H. Peterson, J. S. Phiri, D. Uttaro, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 129) Liquidity and soil management: evidence from Madagascar and Niger. Author(s): Wyatt, T. J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 143) Smallholder farmers' use of integrated nutrient-management strategies: patterns and possibilities in Machakos district of Eastern Kenya. Author(s): Freeman, H. A. Coe, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 155) Agroforestry for soil-fertility replenishment: evidence on adoption processes in Kenya and Zambia. Author(s): Place, F. Franzel, S. DeWolf, J. Rommelse, R. Kwesiga, F. Niang, A. Jama, B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 169) Evaluating adoption of new crop-livestock-soil-management technologies using georeferenced village-level data: the case of cowpea in the dry savannahs of West Africa. Author(s): Kristjanson, P. Okike, I. Tarawali, S. A. Kruska, R. Manyong, V. M. Singh, B. B.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 181) Contradictions in agricultural intensification and improved natural resource management: issues in the Fianarantsoa Forest Corridor of Madagascar. Author(s): Freudenberger, M. S. Freudenberger, K. S.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 193) Synergies between natural resource management practices and fertilizer technologies: lessons from Mali. Author(s): Kelly, V. Sylla, M. L. Galiba, M. Weight, D.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 205) Soil and water conservation in semi-arid Tanzania: government policy and farmers' practices. Author(s): Hatibu, N. Lazaro, E. A. Mahoo, H. F. Rwehumbiza, F. B. R.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 219) Initiatives to encourage farmer adoption of soil-fertility technologies for maize-based cropping systems in Southern Africa. Author(s): Mekuria, M. Waddington, S. R.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 235) A bio-economic model of integrated crop-livestock farming systems: the case of the Ginchi watershed in Ethiopia. Author(s): Okumu, B. N. Jabbar, M. A. Colman, D. Russell, N.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 251) Nutrient cycling in integrated plant-animal systems: implications for animal management strategies in smallholder farming systems. Author(s): Ndlovu, L. R. Mugabe, P. H.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 261) Natural resource technologies for semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): Shapiro, B. I. Sanders, J. H.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 275) Lessons for natural resource management technology adoption and research. Author(s): Place, F. Swallow, B. M. Wangila, J. Barrett, C. B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 287) Towards improved natural resource management in African agriculture. Author(s): Barrett, C. B. Lynam, J. Place, F. Reardon, T. Aboud, A. A.