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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Responsible marine aquaculture.

Book cover for Responsible marine aquaculture.


This book contains 17 chapters. Topics covered are: management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge; marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions; recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond; aquaculture: opportunity of threat to traditional capture fishermen; advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and account...


Chapter 4 (Page no: 71)

Aquaculture: opportunity or threat to traditional capture fishermen?

This paper analyses the opportunities, issues and threats for traditional commercial fishermen with the development of marine aquaculture in the USA. Data are based on a survey conducted by Robert Robertson of the University of New Hampshire Department of Resource Economics and Development, in 1997, entitled, 'Open ocean aquaculture and commercial fishing in the northwest Atlantic: a study of northern New England's commercial fishermen, aimed at determining the respondents views toward aquaculture'. One of the areas examined was their interest in and knowledge of open ocean aquaculture. Fishermen holding permits for vessels between 6 and 15 m (20 and 50 ft) were targeted. There were 570 permit holders contacted and 311 interviews were completed. The survey instrument was a 93-question telephone questionnaire. 89% of the respondents said they wished to remain traditional capture fishermen but when asked about their willingness to work in the aquaculture industry, 53% said they would be willing and 83% expressed a desire to learn more about aquaculture. When asked about characteristics of aquaculture, 73% of the fishermen said small privately owned and financed operations were desirable and 57% indicated that large corporate owned and financed operations were undesirable. The results of a similar study describing the characteristics of those fishermen who would be more apt to enter aquaculture were released in July 2000. Fishermen with fewer years of experience and those that fish in several different fisheries expressed more interest in entering the aquaculture industry. An informal phone survey of extension educators working in marine aquaculture revealed that many fishermen have actively targeted commercial fishermen with education programmes on aquaculture. While results are mixed, the most successful project may be the integration of capture fishermen into hard-clam aquaculture in Florida. Inshore fishermen from Florida forced out of business through legislative action have adapted and are successful farmers. Fishermen in Alaska remain very opposed to any finfish aquaculture other than that of enhancing wild stocks. In addition to the more traditional aquaculture endeavours, there is hope that open ocean or offshore aquaculture will provide unique opportunities for commercial fishermen either as a new occupation or as a business that could complement their present fishing practices. Fishermen will already own a vessel plus have the maritime skills and knowledge of local oceanic and weather conditions. Efforts are currently underway in New Hampshire and elsewhere to take advantage of the skilled commercial fishermen workforce and introduce them to a new career that is consistent with their experiences, life skills and expectations.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 21) Management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge. Author(s): DeVoe, M. R. Hodges, C. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 45) Marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions. Author(s): W├╝rsig, B. Gailey, G. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond. Author(s): Harvey, W. D. McKinney, L. D.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and accountability. Author(s): Leber, K. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 91) Aquatic polyculture and balanced ecosystem management: new paradigms for seafood production. Author(s): McVey, J. P. Stickney, R. R. Yarish, C. Chopin, T.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 105) The role of marine aquaculture facilities as habitats and ecosystems. Author(s): Costa-Pierce, B. A. Bridger, C. J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 145) Mangroves and coastal aquaculture. Author(s): Boyd, C. E.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Environmental effects associated with marine netpen waste with emphasis on salmon farming in the pacific northwest. Author(s): Brooks, K. M. Mahnken, C. Nash, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 205) Issues associated with non-indigenous species in marine aquaculture. Author(s): Stickney, R. R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 221) Genetic changes in marine aquaculture species and the potential for impacts on natural populations. Author(s): Hershberger, W. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 233) What role does genetics play in responsible aquaculture? Author(s): Lester, L. J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 263) Understanding the interaction of extractive and fed aquaculture using ecosystem modelling. Author(s): Rawson, M. V., Jr. Chen, C. S. Ji, R. B. Zhu MingYuan Wang DaoRu Wang Lu Yarish, c. Sullivan, J. B. Chopin, T. Carmona, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 297) Shrimp farm effluents. Author(s): Treece, G. D.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 311) Fish meal: historical uses, production trends and future outlook for sustainable supplies. Author(s): Hardy, R. W. Tacon, A. G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 327) The use of wild-caught juveniles in coastal aquaculture and its application to coral reef fishes. Author(s): Hair, C. Bell, J. Doherty, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 355) Contending with criticism: sensible responses in an age of advocacy. Author(s): Tiersch, T. R. Hargreaves, J. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Cooperative Extension/Sea Grant, University of New Hampshire, 113 North Road, Brentwood, NY 03833, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996042
  • Record Number
  • 20023099969