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CABI Book Chapter

Responsible marine aquaculture.

Book cover for Responsible marine aquaculture.

Description

This book contains 17 chapters. Topics covered are: management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge; marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions; recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond; aquaculture: opportunity of threat to traditional capture fishermen; advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and account...

Metrics

Chapter 7 (Page no: 105)

The role of marine aquaculture facilities as habitats and ecosystems.

Too often the public is provided with a bleak image of marine aquaculture facilities as industrial waste areas, depleting the natural environment and its biodiversity, and creating a desert from an ocean oasis. However, this image frequently has little rigorous scientific basis. Environmental problems have been found only in aquaculture settings with poor management plans, wasteful feeding strategies and where overproduction exceeds the carrying capacity of the natural environment causing the degradation of clean water - the very basis of a successful aquaculture venture. Cage aquaculture facilities provide habitats and nursery areas for juvenile and adult wild fish, and numerous invertebrate and algal species essential to sustaining healthy marine ecosystems and wild fish stocks. In addition, there is an unbalanced focus on marine animal husbandry causing a concomitant lack of appreciation for the positive environmental attributes of marine agronomy, a vital economic sector of global aquaculture. Indeed, tidal wetland, mangrove forest and seagrass restoration aquaculture - in addition to establishment and maintenance of oyster reefs - are important examples of aquaculture creating, enhancing and maintaining productive marine ecosystems, habitats and water quality in a long-term, sustainable manner. There is an urgent need for additional research to generate primary data on the positive and negative roles of marine aquaculture in the biogeochemical cycles, habitats and ecosystems of coastal oceans worldwide. The little research that has been done to date has documented numerous examples of marine aquaculture facilities that revitalize natural habitats, ecosystems and marine fisheries, as opposed to degrading the natural environment and competing with the wild fisheries sector. Without more comprehensive assessments and additional research, plans for the sustainable expansion of marine aquaculture will suffer from a lack of a scientific basis for rational planning and policy, and continue to be replaced by heresy, junk science and advocacy.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 21) Management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge. Author(s): DeVoe, M. R. Hodges, C. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 45) Marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions. Author(s): W├╝rsig, B. Gailey, G. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond. Author(s): Harvey, W. D. McKinney, L. D.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 71) Aquaculture: opportunity or threat to traditional capture fishermen? Author(s): Barnaby, R. Adams, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and accountability. Author(s): Leber, K. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 91) Aquatic polyculture and balanced ecosystem management: new paradigms for seafood production. Author(s): McVey, J. P. Stickney, R. R. Yarish, C. Chopin, T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 145) Mangroves and coastal aquaculture. Author(s): Boyd, C. E.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Environmental effects associated with marine netpen waste with emphasis on salmon farming in the pacific northwest. Author(s): Brooks, K. M. Mahnken, C. Nash, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 205) Issues associated with non-indigenous species in marine aquaculture. Author(s): Stickney, R. R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 221) Genetic changes in marine aquaculture species and the potential for impacts on natural populations. Author(s): Hershberger, W. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 233) What role does genetics play in responsible aquaculture? Author(s): Lester, L. J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 263) Understanding the interaction of extractive and fed aquaculture using ecosystem modelling. Author(s): Rawson, M. V., Jr. Chen, C. S. Ji, R. B. Zhu MingYuan Wang DaoRu Wang Lu Yarish, c. Sullivan, J. B. Chopin, T. Carmona, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 297) Shrimp farm effluents. Author(s): Treece, G. D.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 311) Fish meal: historical uses, production trends and future outlook for sustainable supplies. Author(s): Hardy, R. W. Tacon, A. G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 327) The use of wild-caught juveniles in coastal aquaculture and its application to coral reef fishes. Author(s): Hair, C. Bell, J. Doherty, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 355) Contending with criticism: sensible responses in an age of advocacy. Author(s): Tiersch, T. R. Hargreaves, J. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium, 703 East Beach Drive, Ocean Springs, MS 39564, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996042
  • Record Number
  • 20023099970