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CABI Book Chapter

Responsible marine aquaculture.

Book cover for Responsible marine aquaculture.

Description

This book contains 17 chapters. Topics covered are: management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge; marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions; recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond; aquaculture: opportunity of threat to traditional capture fishermen; advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and account...

Metrics

Chapter 8 (Page no: 145)

Mangroves and coastal aquaculture.

There is considerable concern over destruction of mangroves by shrimp farming and other types of aquaculture, and it is true that mangroves have been destroyed for installation of aquaculture ponds. In most countries, destruction of mangroves results from people seeking wood for building or for fuel. Also, mangroves may be destroyed for development unrelated to shrimp or other types of aquaculture. Worldwide, probably less than 10% of mangrove loss may be attributed to aquaculture, but in some countries, aquaculture is responsible for 20% or more of historic loss of mangroves. Mangrove areas are not ideal places for shrimp farming or other types of aquaculture. This is because of the following: low elevation, poor drainage characteristics, location in complex and sensitive ecosystems where it is difficult to prevent spread of aquatic animal diseases and where bird predation of culture species may be great, and the tendency of soils to have high organic matter concentrations and to be highly acidic from sulfide-sulfur oxidation. Thus, shrimp farms and other aquaculture activities in mangrove areas tend to be less productive than those in non-mangrove areas. Mangrove areas afford shelter from storms and provide biological treatment of pollution entering waters from various human activities. Thus, their destruction is harmful to aquaculture. It is no longer popular to locate aquaculture farms in mangroves and in most countries, governmental regulations make it illegal to do so. Areas behind mangrove forests often are excellent sites for aquaculture farms. Governments implementing regulations to exclude aquaculture activities from mangrove areas should allow shrimp and fish farmers to route water supply and discharge canals through mangrove areas and to locate pump stations in mangrove areas if necessary. It is possible to have aquaculture ponds and mangroves situated harmoniously in the same area, and management practices to encourage this objective are provided.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 21) Management of marine aquaculture: the sustainability challenge. Author(s): DeVoe, M. R. Hodges, C. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 45) Marine mammals and aquaculture: conflicts and potential resolutions. Author(s): W├╝rsig, B. Gailey, G. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Recreational fishing and aquaculture: throwing a line into the pond. Author(s): Harvey, W. D. McKinney, L. D.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 71) Aquaculture: opportunity or threat to traditional capture fishermen? Author(s): Barnaby, R. Adams, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and accountability. Author(s): Leber, K. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 91) Aquatic polyculture and balanced ecosystem management: new paradigms for seafood production. Author(s): McVey, J. P. Stickney, R. R. Yarish, C. Chopin, T.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 105) The role of marine aquaculture facilities as habitats and ecosystems. Author(s): Costa-Pierce, B. A. Bridger, C. J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Environmental effects associated with marine netpen waste with emphasis on salmon farming in the pacific northwest. Author(s): Brooks, K. M. Mahnken, C. Nash, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 205) Issues associated with non-indigenous species in marine aquaculture. Author(s): Stickney, R. R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 221) Genetic changes in marine aquaculture species and the potential for impacts on natural populations. Author(s): Hershberger, W. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 233) What role does genetics play in responsible aquaculture? Author(s): Lester, L. J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 263) Understanding the interaction of extractive and fed aquaculture using ecosystem modelling. Author(s): Rawson, M. V., Jr. Chen, C. S. Ji, R. B. Zhu MingYuan Wang DaoRu Wang Lu Yarish, c. Sullivan, J. B. Chopin, T. Carmona, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 297) Shrimp farm effluents. Author(s): Treece, G. D.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 311) Fish meal: historical uses, production trends and future outlook for sustainable supplies. Author(s): Hardy, R. W. Tacon, A. G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 327) The use of wild-caught juveniles in coastal aquaculture and its application to coral reef fishes. Author(s): Hair, C. Bell, J. Doherty, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 355) Contending with criticism: sensible responses in an age of advocacy. Author(s): Tiersch, T. R. Hargreaves, J. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures, Swingle Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996042
  • Record Number
  • 20023099971