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CABI Book Chapter

Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Book cover for Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Description

This book presents 21 selected revised and edited papers from the 4th and 5th meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001. Topics covered include: intellectual property rights and technological exchange; public-private issues; genetic technologies and methods; developing country experiences; and international models. The book will...

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 31)

Sui generis protection of plant varieties in Asian agriculture: a regional regime in the making?

This chapter examines the plant variety protection (PVP) regimes emerging throughout Asia. The overview provided includes China, Indonesia, Korea, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam. With particular emphasis on the Philippines, it analyses the introduction of PVP from an institutional development perspective. Focusing on the challenge for the provision of international rice research public goods, questions are further raised as to how implementation of PVP legislation will affect existing networks for the exchange of rice varieties and improved rice germplasm. The emerging PVP regimes are also investigated from a perspective of regulation and potential for economies of scale and other possible benefits from a regional division of labour in implementing plant variety protection. Finally, conclusions are made, pointing to the needs for both researchers and policy decision makers to apply new perspectives to this emerging regime of intellectual property as it expands into existing public domains and economies of natural capital.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) From the Green Revolution to the Gene Revolution. Author(s): Evenson, R. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Conflicts in intellectual property rights of genetic resources: implications for agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Butler, L. J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 43) Intellectual property aspects of traditional agricultural knowledge. Author(s): Blakeney, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 61) Farmers' rights and intellectual property rights - reconciling conflicting concepts. Author(s): Alker, D. Heidhues, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 93) Universities, technology transfer and industrial R&D. Author(s): Graff, G. Heiman, A. Zilberman, D. Castillo, F. Parker, D.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 119) Mergers and intellectual property in agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Marco, A. C. Rausser, G. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 137) Cost of conserving genetic resources at ex situ genebanks: an example of the ICARDA genebank. Author(s): Koo, B. Pardey, P. G. Valkoun, J. Wright, B. D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Impact of terminator technologies in developing countries: a framework for economic analysis. Author(s): Srinivasan, C. S. Thirtle, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) The impact of genetic use restriction technologies on developing countries: a forecast. Author(s): Goeschl, T. Swanson, T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 193) Managing proprietary technology in agricultural research. Author(s): Komen, J. Cohen, J. I. Falconi, C. Salazar, S.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 203) Is marker-assisted selection cost-effective compared with conventional plant breeding methods? The case of quality protein Maize. Author(s): Dreher, K. Morris, M. Khairallah, M. Ribaut, J. M. Shivaji Pandey Ganesan Srinivasan
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 237) Can biotechnology reach the poor? The adequacy of information and seed delivery. Author(s): Tripp, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) Value of engineered virus resistance in crop plants and technology cooperation with developing countries. Author(s): Flasinski, S. Aquino, V. M. Hautea, R. A. Kaniewski, W. K. Lam, N. D. Ong, C. A. Pillai, V. Romyanon, K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 269) Institutions and institutional capacity for biotechnology - a case study of India. Author(s): Rhoe, V. Shantharam, S. Babu, S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 287) Social and economic impact ex ante evaluation of Embrapa's biotechnology research products. Author(s): Avila, A. F. D. Quirino, T. R. Contini, E. Rech Filho, E. L.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 309) Intellectual property protection and the international marketing of agricultural biotechnology: firm and host country impacts. Author(s): Goldsmith, P. Ramos, G. Steiger, C.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 325) Efficiency effects of Bt cotton adoption by smallholders in Makhathini Flats, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Ismaƫl, Y. Beyers, L. Thirtle, C. Piesse, J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 351) Income and employment effects of transgenic herbicide-resistant cassava in Colombia: a preliminary simulation. Author(s): Pachico, D. Escobar, Z. Rivas, L. Gottret, V. Perez, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 359) Estimating the economic effects of GMOs: the importance of policy choices and preferences. Author(s): Anderson, K. Nielsen, C. P. Robinson, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 393) Smallholders, transgenic varieties, and production efficiency: the case of cotton farmers in China. Author(s): Huang JiKun Hu RuiFa Rozelle, S. Qiao, F. B. Pray, C. E.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), PO Box 3127 (MCPO), 1271 Makati City, Philippines.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996189
  • Record Number
  • 20023100360