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CABI Book Chapter

Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Book cover for Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Description

This book presents 21 selected revised and edited papers from the 4th and 5th meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001. Topics covered include: intellectual property rights and technological exchange; public-private issues; genetic technologies and methods; developing country experiences; and international models. The book will...

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Chapter 5 (Page no: 61)

Farmers' rights and intellectual property rights - reconciling conflicting concepts.

This chapter discusses the relation of farmers' rights and intellectual property rights (IPRs) on plant genetic resources (PGRs). It describes the nature and purpose of both concepts and the relevant national and international institutional frameworks. Farmers' rights can be regarded as a counter-concept to IPRs, which advocates the interests of developing countries and their traditional farmers and tries to remunerate conservation and informal innovation efforts with regard to PGRs. It also aims at the conservation of PGRs. Possible conflicts between both concepts are depicted and options for reconciliation through the parallel implementation on the national and international level are shown. It is argued that a successful conclusion of the revision of the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources is crucial to reconciliation on the international level. On the national level, many developing countries do already enact plant variety protection legislations with various provisions for the implementation of farmers' rights but it is still not decided if these provisions are in accordance with their obligations under the World Trade Organization.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) From the Green Revolution to the Gene Revolution. Author(s): Evenson, R. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Conflicts in intellectual property rights of genetic resources: implications for agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Butler, L. J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 31) Sui generis protection of plant varieties in Asian agriculture: a regional regime in the making? Author(s): Egelyng, H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 43) Intellectual property aspects of traditional agricultural knowledge. Author(s): Blakeney, M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 93) Universities, technology transfer and industrial R&D. Author(s): Graff, G. Heiman, A. Zilberman, D. Castillo, F. Parker, D.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 119) Mergers and intellectual property in agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Marco, A. C. Rausser, G. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 137) Cost of conserving genetic resources at ex situ genebanks: an example of the ICARDA genebank. Author(s): Koo, B. Pardey, P. G. Valkoun, J. Wright, B. D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Impact of terminator technologies in developing countries: a framework for economic analysis. Author(s): Srinivasan, C. S. Thirtle, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) The impact of genetic use restriction technologies on developing countries: a forecast. Author(s): Goeschl, T. Swanson, T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 193) Managing proprietary technology in agricultural research. Author(s): Komen, J. Cohen, J. I. Falconi, C. Salazar, S.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 203) Is marker-assisted selection cost-effective compared with conventional plant breeding methods? The case of quality protein Maize. Author(s): Dreher, K. Morris, M. Khairallah, M. Ribaut, J. M. Shivaji Pandey Ganesan Srinivasan
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 237) Can biotechnology reach the poor? The adequacy of information and seed delivery. Author(s): Tripp, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) Value of engineered virus resistance in crop plants and technology cooperation with developing countries. Author(s): Flasinski, S. Aquino, V. M. Hautea, R. A. Kaniewski, W. K. Lam, N. D. Ong, C. A. Pillai, V. Romyanon, K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 269) Institutions and institutional capacity for biotechnology - a case study of India. Author(s): Rhoe, V. Shantharam, S. Babu, S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 287) Social and economic impact ex ante evaluation of Embrapa's biotechnology research products. Author(s): Avila, A. F. D. Quirino, T. R. Contini, E. Rech Filho, E. L.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 309) Intellectual property protection and the international marketing of agricultural biotechnology: firm and host country impacts. Author(s): Goldsmith, P. Ramos, G. Steiger, C.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 325) Efficiency effects of Bt cotton adoption by smallholders in Makhathini Flats, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Ismaƫl, Y. Beyers, L. Thirtle, C. Piesse, J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 351) Income and employment effects of transgenic herbicide-resistant cassava in Colombia: a preliminary simulation. Author(s): Pachico, D. Escobar, Z. Rivas, L. Gottret, V. Perez, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 359) Estimating the economic effects of GMOs: the importance of policy choices and preferences. Author(s): Anderson, K. Nielsen, C. P. Robinson, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 393) Smallholders, transgenic varieties, and production efficiency: the case of cotton farmers in China. Author(s): Huang JiKun Hu RuiFa Rozelle, S. Qiao, F. B. Pray, C. E.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • University of Hohenheim, Institut 490A, D-70593, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996189
  • Record Number
  • 20023100366