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CABI Book Chapter

Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Book cover for Economic and social issues in agricultural biotechnology.

Description

This book presents 21 selected revised and edited papers from the 4th and 5th meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001. Topics covered include: intellectual property rights and technological exchange; public-private issues; genetic technologies and methods; developing country experiences; and international models. The book will...

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Chapter 20 (Page no: 359)

Estimating the economic effects of GMOs: the importance of policy choices and preferences.

This paper draws on three studies that use existing empirical models of the global economy to examine what the effects of some (non-European) countries adopting genetically modified organisms (GMOs) might be without and then with some policy or consumer preference responses. Specifically, the effects of an assumed degree of GMO-induced productivity growth in selected countries are explored for cotton, rice, and maize plus soyabean. In the maize/soyabean case, the results are compared with what they would be if: Western Europe chose to ban consumption and hence imports of those products from countries adopting GM technology; or some Western European consumers responded by boycotting imported GM foods. Four conclusions emerged from the analyses. First, the potential economic welfare gains from adopting GMO technology in even just a subset of producing countries for these crops is non-trivial. Second, an import ban on GM crops by Western Europe would be very costly in terms of economic welfare for the region itself. Third, even if many consumers in Western Europe are concerned about GMOs, letting consumers express that preference through the market reduces the welfare gains from the new technology much less than if a ban on GMOs is imposed in Europe. Fourth, large though the estimated welfare gains from adoption of GM technology are, they are dwarfed by the welfare gains that could result from liberalizing global markets for farm products and textiles and clothing.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) From the Green Revolution to the Gene Revolution. Author(s): Evenson, R. E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Conflicts in intellectual property rights of genetic resources: implications for agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Butler, L. J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 31) Sui generis protection of plant varieties in Asian agriculture: a regional regime in the making? Author(s): Egelyng, H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 43) Intellectual property aspects of traditional agricultural knowledge. Author(s): Blakeney, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 61) Farmers' rights and intellectual property rights - reconciling conflicting concepts. Author(s): Alker, D. Heidhues, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 93) Universities, technology transfer and industrial R&D. Author(s): Graff, G. Heiman, A. Zilberman, D. Castillo, F. Parker, D.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 119) Mergers and intellectual property in agricultural biotechnology. Author(s): Marco, A. C. Rausser, G. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 137) Cost of conserving genetic resources at ex situ genebanks: an example of the ICARDA genebank. Author(s): Koo, B. Pardey, P. G. Valkoun, J. Wright, B. D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 159) Impact of terminator technologies in developing countries: a framework for economic analysis. Author(s): Srinivasan, C. S. Thirtle, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) The impact of genetic use restriction technologies on developing countries: a forecast. Author(s): Goeschl, T. Swanson, T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 193) Managing proprietary technology in agricultural research. Author(s): Komen, J. Cohen, J. I. Falconi, C. Salazar, S.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 203) Is marker-assisted selection cost-effective compared with conventional plant breeding methods? The case of quality protein Maize. Author(s): Dreher, K. Morris, M. Khairallah, M. Ribaut, J. M. Shivaji Pandey Ganesan Srinivasan
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 237) Can biotechnology reach the poor? The adequacy of information and seed delivery. Author(s): Tripp, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) Value of engineered virus resistance in crop plants and technology cooperation with developing countries. Author(s): Flasinski, S. Aquino, V. M. Hautea, R. A. Kaniewski, W. K. Lam, N. D. Ong, C. A. Pillai, V. Romyanon, K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 269) Institutions and institutional capacity for biotechnology - a case study of India. Author(s): Rhoe, V. Shantharam, S. Babu, S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 287) Social and economic impact ex ante evaluation of Embrapa's biotechnology research products. Author(s): Avila, A. F. D. Quirino, T. R. Contini, E. Rech Filho, E. L.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 309) Intellectual property protection and the international marketing of agricultural biotechnology: firm and host country impacts. Author(s): Goldsmith, P. Ramos, G. Steiger, C.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 325) Efficiency effects of Bt cotton adoption by smallholders in Makhathini Flats, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Ismaƫl, Y. Beyers, L. Thirtle, C. Piesse, J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 351) Income and employment effects of transgenic herbicide-resistant cassava in Colombia: a preliminary simulation. Author(s): Pachico, D. Escobar, Z. Rivas, L. Gottret, V. Perez, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 393) Smallholders, transgenic varieties, and production efficiency: the case of cotton farmers in China. Author(s): Huang JiKun Hu RuiFa Rozelle, S. Qiao, F. B. Pray, C. E.

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