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CABI Book Chapter

Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Book cover for Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Description

This book, which contains 15 separately authored chapters, discusses both the principles and applications of an integrated approach to natural resource management. Such an approach must embrace the complexity of systems and redirect research towards the greater inclusion of issues such as participatory approaches, multi-scale analysis and an array of tools for system analysis, information manageme...

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Chapter 10 (Page no: 195)

Landcare on the poverty - protection interface in an Asian watershed.

We review the development of an approach to integrate biodiversity conservation and agroforestry development through the active involvement of communities and their local governments near the Kitanglad Range Natural Park in the Manupali watershed, central Mindanao, Philippines. Agroforestry innovations were developed to suit the biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of the buffer zone. These included practices for tree farming, and conservation farming for annual cropping on slopes. Institutional innovations improved resource management, resulting in an effective social contract to protect the natural biodiversity of the park. Fruit and timber tree production dramatically increased, reestablishing tree cover in the buffer zone. Natural vegetative contour strips were installed on several hundred sloping farms. Soil erosion and runoff declined, while the buffer strips increased maize yields by an average of 0.5 t/ha on hill-slope farms. The scientific knowledge base guided the development and implementation of a natural resource management plan for the municipality of Lantapan. A dynamic grassroots movement of farmer-led Landcare groups evolved in the villages near the park boundary, which had significant impact on conservation in both the natural and managed ecosystems. Encroachment in the natural park was reduced 95% in 3 years. The local Landcare groups also restored stream corridor vegetation. This integrated approach has been recognized as a national model for local natural resource and watershed management in the Philippines. Currently, the collaborating institutions are evolving a negotiation support system to resolve the interactions between the 3 management domains: the park; the ancestral domain claim; and the municipalities. This integrated systems approach operated effectively with highly constrained funding, suggesting that commitment and impact may best be stimulated by a "drip-feed" approach rather than by large, externally funded efforts.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Research to integrate productivity enhancement, environmental protection, and human development. Author(s): Sayer, J. A. Campbell, B. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 15) Blending "hard" and "soft" science: the "follow-the-technology" approach to catalyzing and evaluating technology change. Author(s): Douthwaite, B. Haan, N. de Manyong, V. M. Keatinge, J. D. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 37) Success factors in integrated natural resource management R&D: lessons from practice. Author(s): Hagmann, J. Chuma, E. Murwira, K. Connolly, M. Ficarelli, P. P.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 65) The adaptive decision-making process as a tool for integrated natural resource management: focus, attitudes, and approach. Author(s): Lal, P. Lim-Applegate, H. Scoccimarro, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 87) Negotiation support models for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest margins. Author(s): Noordwijk, M. van Tomich, T. P. Verbist, B.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 109) The question of scale in integrated natural resource management. Author(s): Lovell, C. Mandondo, A. Moriarty, P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 139) Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research. Author(s): Harrington, L. White, J. A. Grace, P. Hodson, D. Hartkamp, A. D. Vaughan, C. Meisner, C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Adapting science to adaptive managers: spidergrams, belief models, and multi-agent systems modeling. Author(s): Lynam, T. Bousquet, F. Page, C. le d'Aquino, P. Barreteau, O. Chinembiri, F. Mombeshora, B.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 175) Spatial modeling of risk in natural resource management. Author(s): Jones, P. G. Thornton, P. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 211) Integrated natural resource management: approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Author(s): Saxena, K. G. Rao, K. S. Sen, K. K. Maikhuri, R. K. Semwal, R. L.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 227) Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management: challenges and experiences. Author(s): Gottret, M. V. White, D.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 247) Assessing viability and sustainability: a systems-based approach for deriving comprehensive indicator sets. Author(s): Bossel, H.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 267) Assessing the performance of natural resource systems. Author(s): Campbell, B. M. Sayer, J. A. Frost, P. Vermeulen, S. Ruiz PĂ©rez, M. Cunningham, A. Prabhu, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 293) Integrating research on food and the environment: an exit strategy from the rational fool syndrome in agricultural science. Author(s): Ashby, J. A.