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CABI Book Chapter

Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Book cover for Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Description

This book, which contains 15 separately authored chapters, discusses both the principles and applications of an integrated approach to natural resource management. Such an approach must embrace the complexity of systems and redirect research towards the greater inclusion of issues such as participatory approaches, multi-scale analysis and an array of tools for system analysis, information manageme...

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Chapter 13 (Page no: 247)

Assessing viability and sustainability: a systems-based approach for deriving comprehensive indicator sets.

This paper describes a different system-based approach based on new developments in ecological and general systems theory. Performance assessment in holistic approaches such as integrated natural resource management has to deal with a complex set of interacting and self-organizing natural and human systems and agents, all pursuing their own "interests" while also contributing to the development of the total system. Performance indicators must therefore reflect the viability of essential component systems as well as their contributions to the viability and performance of other component systems and the total system under study. A systems-based derivation of a comprehensive set of performance indicators first requires the identification of essential component systems, their mutual (often hierarchical or reciprocal) relationships, and their contributions to the performance of other component systems and the total system. The second step consists of identifying the indicators that represent the viability states of the component systems and the contributions of these component systems to the performance of the total system. The search for performance indicators is guided by the realization that essential interests (orientations or orientors) of systems and actors are shaped by both their characteristic functions and the fundamental and general properties of their system environments (e.g., normal environmental state, scarcity of resources, variety, variability, change, other coexisting systems). To be viable, a system must devote an essential minimum amount of attention to satisfying the "basic orientors" that respond to the properties of its environment. This fact can be used to define comprehensive and system-specific sets of performance indicators that reflect all important concerns. Often, qualitative indicators and the study of qualitative systems are sufficient for reliable performance assessments. However, this approach can also be formalized for quantitative computer-assisted assessment. Examples are presented of indicator sets for the sustainable development of regions, including the computer-based, time-dependent assessment of system performance using time series data. Because of its systems-theoretical foundation, this approach avoids the problems of incompleteness and double-counting common in ad hoc methods of indicator selection.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Research to integrate productivity enhancement, environmental protection, and human development. Author(s): Sayer, J. A. Campbell, B. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 15) Blending "hard" and "soft" science: the "follow-the-technology" approach to catalyzing and evaluating technology change. Author(s): Douthwaite, B. Haan, N. de Manyong, V. M. Keatinge, J. D. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 37) Success factors in integrated natural resource management R&D: lessons from practice. Author(s): Hagmann, J. Chuma, E. Murwira, K. Connolly, M. Ficarelli, P. P.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 65) The adaptive decision-making process as a tool for integrated natural resource management: focus, attitudes, and approach. Author(s): Lal, P. Lim-Applegate, H. Scoccimarro, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 87) Negotiation support models for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest margins. Author(s): Noordwijk, M. van Tomich, T. P. Verbist, B.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 109) The question of scale in integrated natural resource management. Author(s): Lovell, C. Mandondo, A. Moriarty, P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 139) Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research. Author(s): Harrington, L. White, J. A. Grace, P. Hodson, D. Hartkamp, A. D. Vaughan, C. Meisner, C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Adapting science to adaptive managers: spidergrams, belief models, and multi-agent systems modeling. Author(s): Lynam, T. Bousquet, F. Page, C. le d'Aquino, P. Barreteau, O. Chinembiri, F. Mombeshora, B.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 175) Spatial modeling of risk in natural resource management. Author(s): Jones, P. G. Thornton, P. K.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 195) Landcare on the poverty - protection interface in an Asian watershed. Author(s): Garrity, D. P. Amoroso, V. B. Koffa, S. Catacutan, D. Buenavista, G. Fay, P. Dar, W. D.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 211) Integrated natural resource management: approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Author(s): Saxena, K. G. Rao, K. S. Sen, K. K. Maikhuri, R. K. Semwal, R. L.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 227) Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management: challenges and experiences. Author(s): Gottret, M. V. White, D.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 267) Assessing the performance of natural resource systems. Author(s): Campbell, B. M. Sayer, J. A. Frost, P. Vermeulen, S. Ruiz PĂ©rez, M. Cunningham, A. Prabhu, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 293) Integrating research on food and the environment: an exit strategy from the rational fool syndrome in agricultural science. Author(s): Ashby, J. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Sustainable Systems Research, Galgenkoeppel 6B, D34289 Zierenberg, Germany.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2003
  • ISBN
  • 9780851997315
  • Record Number
  • 20033122220