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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Book cover for Integrated natural resource management: linking productivity, the environment and development.

Description

This book, which contains 15 separately authored chapters, discusses both the principles and applications of an integrated approach to natural resource management. Such an approach must embrace the complexity of systems and redirect research towards the greater inclusion of issues such as participatory approaches, multi-scale analysis and an array of tools for system analysis, information manageme...

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Chapter 15 (Page no: 293)

Integrating research on food and the environment: an exit strategy from the rational fool syndrome in agricultural science.

The thesis of this paper is that the "rational fool" syndrome can be applied to mainstream public sector agricultural research that is conducted in a way that is rational in the short term, but acts against its own long-term viability. A long-term strategic research agenda for the public sector is being defined that is new and relevant to present efforts to integrate natural resource management and sustainable agricultural production. Such an agenda must be understood as a way of managing natural resources for the production of food and environmental services essential to human wellbeing. If agricultural systems are viewed and managed as parts of whole ecosystems, the key properties of complex systems that need to be taken into account will force researchers to consider long-term effects and environmental externalities. Research products will then be increasingly strategic in nature, and the research process will be "democratized" as it involves and gains the support of a broad set of stakeholders. Private sector research cannot be expected to meet this need because strategic studies of resource management are required that cannot be made exclusive or proprietary and are, in other words, public goods. Several innovative research initiatives are under way that signal opportunities for change. This paper first elaborates on this argument and then illustrates key elements of the integrated natural resource management approach, with examples of approaches that show promise as alternatives to mainstream agricultural science. Although numerous and diverse, integrated approaches manifest several properties that can be defined as the keystones of a new paradigm.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Research to integrate productivity enhancement, environmental protection, and human development. Author(s): Sayer, J. A. Campbell, B. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 15) Blending "hard" and "soft" science: the "follow-the-technology" approach to catalyzing and evaluating technology change. Author(s): Douthwaite, B. Haan, N. de Manyong, V. M. Keatinge, J. D. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 37) Success factors in integrated natural resource management R&D: lessons from practice. Author(s): Hagmann, J. Chuma, E. Murwira, K. Connolly, M. Ficarelli, P. P.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 65) The adaptive decision-making process as a tool for integrated natural resource management: focus, attitudes, and approach. Author(s): Lal, P. Lim-Applegate, H. Scoccimarro, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 87) Negotiation support models for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest margins. Author(s): Noordwijk, M. van Tomich, T. P. Verbist, B.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 109) The question of scale in integrated natural resource management. Author(s): Lovell, C. Mandondo, A. Moriarty, P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 139) Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research. Author(s): Harrington, L. White, J. A. Grace, P. Hodson, D. Hartkamp, A. D. Vaughan, C. Meisner, C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Adapting science to adaptive managers: spidergrams, belief models, and multi-agent systems modeling. Author(s): Lynam, T. Bousquet, F. Page, C. le d'Aquino, P. Barreteau, O. Chinembiri, F. Mombeshora, B.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 175) Spatial modeling of risk in natural resource management. Author(s): Jones, P. G. Thornton, P. K.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 195) Landcare on the poverty - protection interface in an Asian watershed. Author(s): Garrity, D. P. Amoroso, V. B. Koffa, S. Catacutan, D. Buenavista, G. Fay, P. Dar, W. D.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 211) Integrated natural resource management: approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Author(s): Saxena, K. G. Rao, K. S. Sen, K. K. Maikhuri, R. K. Semwal, R. L.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 227) Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management: challenges and experiences. Author(s): Gottret, M. V. White, D.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 247) Assessing viability and sustainability: a systems-based approach for deriving comprehensive indicator sets. Author(s): Bossel, H.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 267) Assessing the performance of natural resource systems. Author(s): Campbell, B. M. Sayer, J. A. Frost, P. Vermeulen, S. Ruiz Pérez, M. Cunningham, A. Prabhu, R.