Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.


Continuing to use  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Poisonous plants and related toxins.

Book cover for Poisonous plants and related toxins.


This book contains 86 chapters based on papers presented at the 6th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants (ISOPP6), August 2001, Glasgow, UK. A range of topics are covered, from poisonous plant biochemistry to toxic effects in animals (particularly grazing farm animals) and humans. The contents include the evolution of antinutrients and toxins in plants, biomedical applications of plant toxi...


Chapter 84 (Page no: 564)

Bovine enzootic haematuria on São Miguel Island - Azores.

This article discusses bovine enzootic haematuria in Sao Miguel Islands, Azores, Portugal. Topics include the following: incidence of the disease and its economic relevance; relationship between the disease and braken fern; geographical distribution of urinary bladder tumours; and preventive measures against the disease.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Evolution of toxins and anti-nutritional factors in plants with special emphasis on Leguminosae. Author(s): Wink, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 26) Lack of apparent base sequence preference of activated pyrrolizidine alkaloid cross-links with DNA. Author(s): Coulombe, R. A., Jr. Rieben, W. K., Jr.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Correlation of an endophytic fungus (Alternaria spp.) with the presence of swainsonine in lambert locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii). Author(s): Gardner, D. R. Romero, J. Ralphs, M. H. Creamer, R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 38) Delphinium alkaloid toxicosis in cattle from Switzerland. Author(s): Puschner, B. Booth, M. C. Tor, E. R. Odermatt, A.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 44) Toxicity of a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, riddelliine, in neonatal pigs. Author(s): Stegelmeier, B. L. James, L. F. Panter, K. E. Molyneux, R. J. Gardner, D. R. Schoch, T. K. Lee, S. T. Ralphs, M. H. Pfister, J. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 50) Bacteria and corynetoxin-like toxins in nematode seed-galls in Festuca nigrescens from North America and New Zealand. Author(s): Riley, I. T. Gregory, A. R. Allen, J. G. Edgar, J. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 56) Preliminary in vitro studies of Cistus salvifolius leaves in relation to metabolic disorders in sheep. Author(s): Bruno-Soares, A. M. Abreu, J. M. Soler, F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 63) Fusarochromanone and wortmannin: novel Fusarium toxins. Author(s): Bryden, W. L. Lowe, M. Amba, T. M. Abbas, H. K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 70) Improved methods for the extraction and purification of corynetoxins for preparative or analytical purposes using water solubilizing additives. Author(s): Anderton, N. Cao, Y. Colegate, S. M. Edgar, J. A. Knill, A. M. Michalewicz, A. Olsen, V. Than, K. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 76) Nephrotic syndrome in cattle caused by the shrub Nolletia gariepina in the Kalahari sandveld of Southern Africa. Author(s): Plessis, E. C. du Joubert, J. P. J. Prozesky, L. Naudé, T. W. Herman, P. Westhuizen, G. B. M. van der
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 79) The concentration of steroidal sapogenins and the degree of fungal infection in Narthecium ossifragum plants in Møre and Romsdal County, Norway. Author(s): Flåøyen, A. Wilkins, A. L. Menna, M. E. di Sandvik, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 84) Calcinosis in ruminants due to plant poisoning: contributions on the pathogenesis. Author(s): Gimeno, E. J. Portiansky, E. L. Gomar, M. S. Costa, E. F. Massone, A. R. Alonso, C. R. Dallorso, M. E. Barros, S. S.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 90) Evaluation of Ipomoea carnea toxicity to growing goats: clinical, biochemical, haematological and pathological alterations. Author(s): Schumaher-Henrique, B. Górniak, S. L. Dagli, M. L. Z. Spinosa, H. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 96) Chemical and pharmacological investigation of macrocyclic diterpenoids isolated from Euphorbia species. Author(s): Hohmann, J. Rédei, D. Máthé, I. Forgó, P. Blazsó, G. Falkay, G. Molnár, J. Wolfard, K. Molnár, A. Thalhammer, T.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 102) Disposition of swainsonine in sheep following acute oral exposure. Author(s): Taylor, J. B. Strickland, J. R. Krehbiel, C. R. Clayshulte, A. K. Siepel, M. A. Ashley, R. L.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 108) Stimulating effect of aflatoxin B1 on lipid peroxidation in the in vitro model systems. Author(s): Dvorska, J. E. Surai, P. F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 114) An indirect competitive ELISA for pyrrolizidine alkaloids of Heliotropium europaeum. Author(s): Cavallaro, V. Than, K. A. Colegate, S. M. Edgar, J. A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 123) Phomopsin intoxication of the rat causes prodigious loss of bodyweight and liver weight. Author(s): Allen, J. G.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 128) The role of condensed tannins on the rumen degradation of Lotus pedunculatus. Author(s): Bento, M. H. L. Acamovic, T. Abreu, J. M. F.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 134) Cyclopiazonic acid: food chain contaminant? Author(s): Bryden, W. L. Suksupath, S. Taylor, D. J. Prasongsidh, B. C.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 140) Calystegines isolated from Ipomoea spp. possibly associated with an ataxia syndrome in cattle in North Western Australia. Author(s): Dorling, P. R. Colegate, S. M. Allen, J. G. Nickels, R. Mitchell, A. A. Main, D. C. Madin, B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 146) Spectrofluorometric analysis of phylloerythrin in plasma and skin from sheep suffering from hepatogenous photosensitization. Author(s): Scheie, E. Smith, B. L. Flåøyen, A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 151) Plants toxic for domestic animals in the State of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil. Author(s): Medeiros, R. M. T. Riet-Correa, F. Barbosa, R. C. Lima, E. F. Neto, S. A. G. Tabosa, I. M.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 157) Occurrence of cyanogenic glycosides in seeds and seedlings of Idiospermum australiense, a primitive rainforest angiosperm from tropical Australia. Author(s): Gordon, V. Reddell, P.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 162) Photosensitization in cattle in Southern Brazil. Author(s): Schild, A. L. Motta, A. C. Riet-Correa, F. Karam, F. C. Grecco, F. B.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 167) Transformed root cultures of Solanum dulcamara and production of secondary metabolites. Author(s): Marzouk, A. Gray, A. I. Deans, S. G.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 175) Antibacterial properties of phytochemicals in aromatic plants in poultry diets. Author(s): Cross, D. E. Hillman, K. Fenlon, D. Deans, S. G. McDevitt, R. M. Acamovic, T.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 181) Microbial metabolism of tannins. Author(s): Brooker, J. D. O'Donovan, L. Skene, I. McSweeney, C. Krause, D.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 198) Modulation of Escherichia coli Shiga toxin activity on vero cells by the use of the secondary plant compound swainsonine. Author(s): Droleskey, R. E. Anderson, R. C. Callaway, T. R. Anderson, T. J. Bischoff, K. M. Sheffield, C. L. Harvey, R. B. Nisbet, D. J.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 204) The identification of corynetoxin-like tunicaminyluracil-glycolipids from nematode galls in Festuca nigrescens from North America and New Zealand. Author(s): Anderton, N. Beales, K. A. Cao, Y. Colegate, S. M. Edgar, J. A. Michalewicz, A. Riley, I. T. Stewart, P. L. Than, K. A.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 210) The metabolism of saponins from Yucca schidigera in sheep. Author(s): Flåøyen, A. Wilkins, A. L. Sandvik, M.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 215) Ecological, physiological and behavioural interactions between marsupial folivores and Eucalyptus antifeedants. Author(s): Foley, W. J. Lawler, I. R. Moore, B. D. Wallis, I. R.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 223) PCR amplification for detection of Synergistes jonesii, the ruminal bacterium that degrades the toxins of Leucaena leucocephala. Author(s): Anderson, T. J. Anderson, R. C. Williams, M. J. Elder, R. O. Nisbet, D. J.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 227) Bracken fern (genus Pteridium) toxicity - a global problem. Author(s): Smith, B. L.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 241) Histochemical studies of bracken fern: localization of phenolic and tannin defences in bracken accessions along an altitudinal gradient in the neotropics. Author(s): Alonso-Amelot, M. E. Arellano, E. Oliveros Bastidas, A. Calcagno, M. P.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 248) Chronic toxicity in cattle due to Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern) in Tarija Department, Bolivia: an interdisciplinary investigation. Author(s): Marrero, E. Bulnes, C. Sánchez, L. M. Palenzuela, I. Stuart, R. Jacobs, F. Romero, J.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 253) Ptaquiloside in bracken and in topsoil in 20 Danish bracken populations. Author(s): Rasmussen, L. H. Hansen, H. C. B. Frisvad, J. C. Kroghsbo, S.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 262) Pathological aspects of cyanobacterial toxicity. Author(s): Seawright, A. A.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 269) Effect of Senna occidentalis seed in laying hens: evaluation of the toxicity and egg production. Author(s): Haraguchi, M. Raspantini, P. C. Dagli, M. L. Z. Górniak, S. L.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 275) Intoxication by Crotalaria retusa in ruminants and equidae in the State of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil. Author(s): Nobre, V. M. T. Riet-Correa, F. Dantas, A. F. M. Tabosa, I. M. Medeiros, R. M. T. Barbosa Filho, J. M.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 280) Pathology of experimental Stemodia kingii intoxication in the mouse. Author(s): Raisbeck, M. F. Allen, J. G. Colegate, S. M. Mitchell, A. A.
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 286) A procedure for the estimation of the daily intake of saponins from pasture by sheep. Author(s): Loader, J. I. Ryste, E. Flåøyen, A. Hove, K. Wilkins, A. L.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 292) Exposure of native Australian parrots to pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Author(s): Starks, J. Colegate, S. M. Hooper, P.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 298) Poisonous sedges: the galegine content of Schoenus rigens at various growth stages. Author(s): Dorling, P. R. Colegate, S. M. Huxtable, C. R.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 304) Lupin non-starch polysaccharides and their effects on chickens. Author(s): Cowieson, A. J. Acamovic, T.
Chapter: 46 (Page no: 310) Lectin histochemical study of lipopigments present in the cerebellum of Solanum fastigiatum var. fastigiatum intoxicated cattle. Author(s): Paulovich, F. B. Portiansky, E. L. Gimeno, E. J. Schild, A. L. Méndez, M. del C. Riet-Correa, F.
Chapter: 47 (Page no: 316) Ipomoea carnea induced enhanced macrophage activity (phagocytosis and peroxide production) in immunocompetent rats. Author(s): Hueza, I. M. Fonseca, E. S. M. Paulino, C. A. Haraguchi, M. Górniak, S. L.
Chapter: 48 (Page no: 322) Advanced multidimensional NMR experiments as tools for structure determination of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Author(s): Forgo, P. Hohmann, J. Dombi, G. Máthe, I.
Chapter: 49 (Page no: 329) Characterization of steroidal sapogenins in Panicum virgatum L. (Switchgrass). Author(s): Lee, S. T. Stegelmeier, B. L. Gardner, D. R. Vogel, K. P.
Chapter: 50 (Page no: 335) Common natural and experimental plant intoxications in animals reported in Cuba. Author(s): Marrero, E. Aparicio, M. Figueredo, M. A. Bulnes, C. Sánchez, L. M. Palenzuela, I. Durand, R.
Chapter: 51 (Page no: 341) Intoxication by Prosopis juliflora pods (mesquite beans) in cattle and goats in Northeastern Brazil. Author(s): Tabosa, I. M. Riet-Correa, F. Simões, S. S. D. Medeiros, R. M. T. Nobre, V. M. T.
Chapter: 52 (Page no: 347) Screening poisonous plant toxins for cytotoxicity using bovine embryos produced by in vitro fertilization techniques. Author(s): Panter, K. E. James, L. F. Wang, S. Gardner, D. R. Gaffield, W. Molyneux, R. J. Stegelmeier, B. L. Bunch, T. D.
Chapter: 53 (Page no: 354) Growth of bracken in Denmark and the content of ptaquiloside in fronds, rhizomes and roots. Author(s): Rasmussen, L. H. Hansen, H. C. B.
Chapter: 54 (Page no: 361) Poisonous plant research: biomedical applications. Author(s): James, L. F. Panter, K. E. Gaffield, W. Molyneux, R. J. Weinzweig, J.
Chapter: 55 (Page no: 377) Essential amino acids and antimetabolites in the seed kernel of an unconventional legume, gila bean (Entada phaseoloides Merrill). Author(s): Siddhuraju, P. Makkar, H. P. S. Becker, K.
Chapter: 56 (Page no: 387) The detection and estimation of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in plants and feeds using an ELISA. Author(s): Lee, S. T. Schoch, T. K. Stegelmeier, B. L. Gardner, D. R. Than, K. A. Molyneux, R. J.
Chapter: 57 (Page no: 394) Monocrotaline pyrrole protein targets in pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Author(s): Lamé, M. W. Jones, A. D. Wilson, D. W. Dunston, S. K. Segall, H. J.
Chapter: 58 (Page no: 402) Analysis of corynetoxins: a comparative study of an indirect competitive ELISA and HPLC. Author(s): Than, K. A. Cao, Y. Michalewicz, A. Olsen, V. Anderton, N. Cockrum, P. Colegate, S. Edgar, J. A.
Chapter: 59 (Page no: 408) Pavetamine: an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the heart. Author(s): Schultz, R. A. Fourie, N. Basson, K. M. Labuschagne, L. Snyman, L. D. Prozesky, L.
Chapter: 60 (Page no: 412) Effects of the mycotoxins lolitrem B and paxilline on gastrointestinal smooth muscle, cardiovascular and respiratory systems and temperature in sheep. Author(s): Smith, B. L. McLeay, L. M. Reynolds, G. W.
Chapter: 61 (Page no: 421) Conditioned feed aversion as a means of preventing sheep from grazing vermeerbos (Geigeria ornativa). Author(s): Snyman, L. D. Joubert, J. P. J.
Chapter: 62 (Page no: 425) Prenatal toxicity of cyanide in goats - a model for teratological studies in ruminants. Author(s): Soto-Blanco, B. Górniak, S. L.
Chapter: 63 (Page no: 431) The clinical and morphological changes of intermittent locoweed (Oxytropis sericea) poisoning in sheep. Author(s): Stegelmeier, B. L. James, L. F. Panter, K. E. Molyneux, R. J. Gardner, D. R. Lee, S. T. Ralphs, M. H. Pfister, J. A.
Chapter: 64 (Page no: 436) Biological control of the toxic shrub juniper. Author(s): Straka, E. Scott, C. B. Taylor, C. A., Jr. Bailey, E. M., Jr.
Chapter: 65 (Page no: 443) The effect on quail of feed contaminated with the mycotoxin aurofusarin. Author(s): Dvorska, J. E. Surai, P. F. Sparks, N. H. C.
Chapter: 66 (Page no: 448) Effect of tunicamycins on GlcNAc-1-P transferase activity in rat tissues and toxic effects during pregnancy and lactation. Author(s): Stewart, P. L. Hooper, P. T. Lenghaus, C. Raisbeck, M. F. Edgar, J. A. Colegate, S. M.
Chapter: 67 (Page no: 453) Experiences with the quantitative trace analysis of pyrrolizidine alkaloids using GCMS and LCMS. Author(s): Beales, K. Colegate, S. M. Edgar, J. A.
Chapter: 68 (Page no: 459) Perinatal study of Senna occidentalis intoxication in rabbits. Author(s): Tasaka, A. C. Sinhorini, I. L. Dagli, M. L. Z. Haraguchi, M. Górniak, S. L.
Chapter: 69 (Page no: 465) Fetal effects of maternal ingestion of Solanum malacoxylon: evaluation in rats. Author(s): Górniak, S. L. Barbosa-Ferreira, M. Schumaher-Henrique, B. Raspantini, P. C. Hosomi, R. Z. Moraes, A. P. Maiorka, P. C. Dagli, M. L. Z.
Chapter: 70 (Page no: 471) A survey of Venezuelan plants toxic to livestock and their potential as anti-insect materials. Author(s): Alonso-Amelot, M. E. Arellano, E. Avila, J. L. Aubert, L. Romero, R. Calcagno, M. P. Avendaño, M. Perez, M. Otero, L. D.
Chapter: 71 (Page no: 478) Dietary butylated hydroxytoluene protects against aflatoxicosis in turkey. Author(s): Klein, P. J. Vleet, T. R. van Hall, J. O. Coulombe, R. A., Jr.
Chapter: 72 (Page no: 484) Mycotoxins in agricultural crops. Author(s): Mortensen, G. K.
Chapter: 73 (Page no: 488) Intoxication by Ramaria flavo-brunnescens in domestic animals. Author(s): Riet-Correa, F. Barros, C. S. L. Schild, A. L.
Chapter: 74 (Page no: 494) Natural antioxidants and mycotoxins: theoretical considerations and practical applications. Author(s): Surai, P. F. Dvorska, J. E. Sparks, N. H. C.
Chapter: 75 (Page no: 504) Rumex obtusifolius: its costs and the benefits of control. Author(s): Bailey, A. D.
Chapter: 76 (Page no: 512) Effect of varying trypsin inhibitor activity of full fat soya on nutritional value for broiler chicks. Author(s): Clarke, E. Wiseman, J.
Chapter: 77 (Page no: 520) The bioactivity-guided isolation and structural identification of two novel toxic steroidal glucosides, stemodiosides B3 and B4, from Stemodia kingii. Author(s): Allen, J. G. Colegate, S. M. Mitchell, A. A. Mulder, R. Raisbeck, M. F.
Chapter: 78 (Page no: 526) The effect of pattern of feeding on the development of food preferences in goats in response to positive and negative post-ingestive consequences. Author(s): Duncan, A. J. Young, S. A.
Chapter: 79 (Page no: 531) Conditioned feed aversion as a means of preventing intake of yellow-tulp (Homeria pallida) by livestock. Author(s): Snyman, L. D. Kellerman, T. S. Schultz, R. A. Joubert, J. P. J. Basson, K. M. Labuschagne, L.
Chapter: 80 (Page no: 540) Plant-associated diseases, either new or new to the state, encountered over the last decade (1991-2001) in Western Australia. Author(s): Allen, J. G. Creeper, J. H. Forshaw, D. Kabay, M. J. Main, D. C. Richards, R. B.
Chapter: 81 (Page no: 548) Steroidal sapogenins and saponins in Narthecium ossifragum from Scotland. Author(s): Wilkins, A. L. Flåøyen, A. Loader, J. I.
Chapter: 82 (Page no: 552) Transfer of cyanide and its main metabolite thiocyanate in milk: study of cyanogenic plants ingestion during lactation in goats. Author(s): Soto-Blanco, B. Górniak, S. L.
Chapter: 83 (Page no: 558) The effect of feeding broilers tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea) seeds containing the endophyte toxin ergovaline on ascites syndrome morbidity. Author(s): Shlosberg, A. Hermes, J. C. Wood, L. S. Craig, A. M.
Chapter: 85 (Page no: 575) Toxicophenology and grazing risk models of tall larkspur. Author(s): Ralphs, M. H. Gardner, D. R. Pfister, J. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Serviço de Desenvolvimento Agrário de São Miguel, 9504-541 Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2004
  • ISBN
  • 9780851996141
  • Record Number
  • 20033204656