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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Land use change in tropical watersheds: evidence, causes and remedies.

Book cover for Land use change in tropical watersheds: evidence, causes and remedies.


This book studies land use change in tropical landscapes, with particular emphasis on the economic processes that influence rates of land degradation and forest clearing. Multidisciplinary contributions draw lessons from data collected between 1992 and 2004 in the Manupali watershed in southern Philippines. Through this detailed case study, the book documents forces leading to land use changes, in...


Chapter 9 (Page no: 133)

Alternatives to traditional annual crop agriculture in the uplands - biophysical evidence from the Manupali River Watershed.

Results are presented of field experiments during 1998-2003 in the Manupali River Watershed (Mindanao, Philippines) designed to evaluate tree-based (Eucalyptus grandis) and improved fallow (sunflower and Tithonia diversifolia) production systems with annual crops (tomato, maize, beans [Phaseolus] or cabbage) to determine the effectiveness of such systems to minimize soil erosion and enhance land productivity. The treatments consisted of (i) sunflower rotation for 7 seasons then reverting to cropping, (ii) trees alone, (iii) trees with lime application (2 t/ha) and annual crops for 5 seasons, (iv) annual crops with lime, and (v) annual crops without lime. Both sunflower and trees alone were effective in minimizing tillage-induced and water-related soil loss until the natural vegetation was allowed to grow once cropping was stopped. Tillage-induced erosion was the greatest source of erosion over the study period, with the exception of a few intense rainstorms which resulted in substantial soil losses. After rotation with sunflower, soil pH, N, C and Mg2+ were all raised, and annual crop yields were greater than on fields with no rotation or liming (a practice that is common on local farms). Yields of annual crops with lime were mostly higher than those without, but, if planted with trees, yields of annual crops were reduced to zero by the fourth cropping season. The data provide a basis for an understanding of tree species interactions and fallow systems with annual crops, and their effects on soil nutrients. The results suggest that development of tree-annual crop production and management strategies could be a key component in the design of sustainable steepland annual crop production systems.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Economic development and watershed degradation. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Shively, G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Agricultural development and institutional transitions. Author(s): Rola, A. C. Coxhead, I.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 37) Water quality changes in the Manupali River Watershed: evidence from a community-based water monitoring project. Author(s): Deutsch, W. G. Orprecio, J. L.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) How do national markets and price policies affect land use at the forest margin? Evidence from the Philippines. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Rola, A. C. Kim, K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 78) How do relative price changes alter land use decisions? Panel data evidence from the Manupali watershed, Philippines. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Demeke, B.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 90) Economic incentives and agricultural outcomes in upland settings. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Shively, G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 109) Simulating soil erosion and sediment yield in small upland watersheds using the WEPP model. Author(s): Ella, V. B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 126) Identifying soil erosion hotspots in the Manupali River Watershed. Author(s): Paningbatan, E. P., Jr.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 147) Linking economic policies and environmental outcomes at a watershed scale. Author(s): Shively, G. Zelek, C.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 163) Using payments for environmental services (PES) to assist in watershed management. Author(s): Pagiola, S. Angeles, M. delos Shively, G.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 176) Conclusions and some directions for future research. Author(s): Coxhead, I. Rola, A. C. Shively, G.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD 4702, Australia.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2005
  • ISBN
  • 9780851999128
  • Record Number
  • 20063019179