Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

 

Continuing to use www.cabi.org  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Valuing crop biodiversity: on-farm genetic resources and economic change.

Book cover for Valuing crop biodiversity: on-farm genetic resources and economic change.

Description

In agricultural systems, diversity of crops and varieties is essential to combat the risks farmers face from pests, diseases and variations in climate. Crop biodiversity also underpins the range of dietary needs and services that consumers demand. There is growing concern, however, about declining diversity of crop genetic resources on farms, associated with social and economic change. This book c...

Metrics

Chapter 9 (Page no: 146)

Rural development and the diversity of potatoes on farms in Cajamarca, Peru.

In this chapter, using household data on potato producers in Cajamarca, Peru, the relationship between rural development and potato diversity is examined. Much of the debate on in situ on-farm conservation of crop genetic resources has focused narrowly on the effect of the introduction of modern varieties on crop genetic diversity. The introduction of modern varieties is only one mechanism by which rural development processes may bring about a change in crop biodiversity on farms. The greatest threat to the on-farm diversity of staple crops in developing countries is that farmers will cease to grow these crops altogether. In particular, rural development is likely to bring about opportunities in new agricultural products, which cause shifts in land use patterns, to lead to alternative labour uses including employment in non-agricultural activities and to improve the ability to manage risk through more effective means than variety portfolios. The results indicate that households who are more involved in activities other than potato production, in particular dairy production and non-farm activities, have less potato diversity. This suggests that any rural development strategies that promote alternatives to potato production may reduce its diversity on farms.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Concepts, metrics and plan of the book. Author(s): Smale, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Crop valuation and farmer response to change: implications for in situ conservation of maize in Mexico. Author(s): Dyer, G. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Farmer demand for agricultural biodiversity in Hungary's transition economy: a choice experiment approach. Author(s): Birol, E. Kontoleon, A. Smale, M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 48) An attribute-based index of coffee diversity and implications for on-farm conservation in Ethiopia. Author(s): Wale, E. Mburu, J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 63) Missing markets, migration and crop biodiversity in the milpa system of Mexico: a household-farm model. Author(s): Dusen, M. E. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Explaining the diversity of cereal crops and varieties grown on household farms in the highlands of northern Ethiopia. Author(s): Benin, S. Smale, M. Pender, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 97) Demand for cultivar attributes and the biodiversity of bananas on farms in Uganda. Author(s): Edmeades, S. Smale, M. Karamura, D.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 119) Explaining farmer demand for agricultural biodiversity in Hungary’s transition economy. Author(s): Birol, E. Smale, M. Gyovai, Á.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 162) Managing rice biodiversity on farms: the choices of farmers and breeders in Nepal. Author(s): Gauchan, D. Smale, M. Maxted, N. Cole, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 177) Determinants of cereal diversity in villages of northern Ethiopia. Author(s): Gebremedhin, B. Smale, M. Pender, J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 192) Social institutions and seed systems: the diversity of fruits and nuts in Uzbekistan. Author(s): Dusen, M. E. van Dennis, E. Ilyasov, J. Lee, M. Treshkin, S. Smale, M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 211) Community seed systems and the biodiversity of millet crops in southern India. Author(s): Nagarajan, L. Smale, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 233) Seed supply and the on-farm demand for diversity: a case study from eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Lipper, L. Cavatassi, R. Winters, P.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Institutions, stakeholders and the management of crop biodiversity on Hungarian family farms. Author(s): Bela, G. Balázs, B. Pataki, G.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 270) Cooperatives, wheat diversity and the crop productivity in southern Italy. Author(s): Falco, S. di Perrings, C.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 280) Scope, limitations and future directions. Author(s): Smale, M. Lipper, L. Koundouri, P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 296) An annotated bibliography of applied economics studies about crop biodiversity in situ (on farms). Author(s): Zambrano, P. Smale, M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Economics, American University, 203 Roper Hall, Washington, DC 20016, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2005
  • ISBN
  • 9780851990835
  • Record Number
  • 20063061421