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CABI Book Chapter

Valuing crop biodiversity: on-farm genetic resources and economic change.

Book cover for Valuing crop biodiversity: on-farm genetic resources and economic change.

Description

In agricultural systems, diversity of crops and varieties is essential to combat the risks farmers face from pests, diseases and variations in climate. Crop biodiversity also underpins the range of dietary needs and services that consumers demand. There is growing concern, however, about declining diversity of crop genetic resources on farms, associated with social and economic change. This book c...

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Chapter 4 (Page no: 48)

An attribute-based index of coffee diversity and implications for on-farm conservation in Ethiopia.

This chapter develops an attribute-based diversity index for coffee types managed by farmers in Ethiopia, the centre of origin and diversity of Coffea arabica. The index counts the attributes farmers state are important when selecting and differentiating among types. Farmers do not use names to describe their coffee types, other than distinguishing between those introduced from outside (‘Project’) and those maintained locally. The theoretical frameworks of a random utility model and a characteristics model are used to relate the diversity index to determinants of coffee diversity, including household, farm and market-related factors. A Poisson regression model is estimated using the household survey data collected from 266 coffee growing farmers in South-western Ethiopia. Data support the hypotheses that market access, credit experience, labour and land endowments, the importance of coffee in farm production relative to other crops and factors related to household vulnerability significantly influence farmers’ demand for multiple coffee attributes. The analysis indicates how attribute preferences are likely to change with development-oriented interventions.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Concepts, metrics and plan of the book. Author(s): Smale, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Crop valuation and farmer response to change: implications for in situ conservation of maize in Mexico. Author(s): Dyer, G. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Farmer demand for agricultural biodiversity in Hungary's transition economy: a choice experiment approach. Author(s): Birol, E. Kontoleon, A. Smale, M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 63) Missing markets, migration and crop biodiversity in the milpa system of Mexico: a household-farm model. Author(s): Dusen, M. E. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Explaining the diversity of cereal crops and varieties grown on household farms in the highlands of northern Ethiopia. Author(s): Benin, S. Smale, M. Pender, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 97) Demand for cultivar attributes and the biodiversity of bananas on farms in Uganda. Author(s): Edmeades, S. Smale, M. Karamura, D.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 119) Explaining farmer demand for agricultural biodiversity in Hungary’s transition economy. Author(s): Birol, E. Smale, M. Gyovai, Á.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 146) Rural development and the diversity of potatoes on farms in Cajamarca, Peru. Author(s): Winters, P. Hintze, L. H. Ortiz, O.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 162) Managing rice biodiversity on farms: the choices of farmers and breeders in Nepal. Author(s): Gauchan, D. Smale, M. Maxted, N. Cole, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 177) Determinants of cereal diversity in villages of northern Ethiopia. Author(s): Gebremedhin, B. Smale, M. Pender, J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 192) Social institutions and seed systems: the diversity of fruits and nuts in Uzbekistan. Author(s): Dusen, M. E. van Dennis, E. Ilyasov, J. Lee, M. Treshkin, S. Smale, M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 211) Community seed systems and the biodiversity of millet crops in southern India. Author(s): Nagarajan, L. Smale, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 233) Seed supply and the on-farm demand for diversity: a case study from eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Lipper, L. Cavatassi, R. Winters, P.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Institutions, stakeholders and the management of crop biodiversity on Hungarian family farms. Author(s): Bela, G. Balázs, B. Pataki, G.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 270) Cooperatives, wheat diversity and the crop productivity in southern Italy. Author(s): Falco, S. di Perrings, C.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 280) Scope, limitations and future directions. Author(s): Smale, M. Lipper, L. Koundouri, P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 296) An annotated bibliography of applied economics studies about crop biodiversity in situ (on farms). Author(s): Zambrano, P. Smale, M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Alemaya University, PO Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2005
  • ISBN
  • 9780851990835
  • Record Number
  • 20063061433