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CABI Book Chapter

International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Book cover for International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Description

This book addresses international trade and policy issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The 16 chapters in this volume are edited and revised versions of papers presented at the 8th International Conference of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Ravello, Italy, on 8-11 July 2004. Part I includes four chapters with an analytical focus. They deal wit...

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Chapter 11 (Page no: 125)

Patents versus plant varietal protection.

This chapter develops a theoretical model to analyse the impacts of intellectual property rights (IPRs) policy options on innovation in the plant breeding sector and social welfare. First, some relevant strands of the literature on the scope of IPR protection are reviewed. The theoretical model is then presented, in which a phased-in breeders' exemption is interpreted as affecting the cost functions for breeders. Numerical simulations in the subsequent section illustrate how a phased-in breeders' exemption may drive competitors out of the market while still leaving the leading firm with little incentive to increase investment.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biotechnology risks and project interdependence. Author(s): Knudsen, O. K. Scandizzo, P. L.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Restricted monopoly R&D pricing: uncertainty, irreversibility and non-market effects. Author(s): Weaver, R. D. Wesseler, J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 22) Biotechnology and the emergence of club behaviour in agricultural trade. Author(s): Tothova, M. Oehmke, J. F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) The labelling of genetically modified products in a global trading environment. Author(s): Scandizzo, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 43) Tree biotechnology: regulation and international trade. Author(s): Sedjo, R. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 50) Commercialized products of biotechnology and trade pattern effects. Author(s): Smyth, S. Kerr, W. A. Davey, K. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 64) The coexistence of GM and non-GM arable crops in the EU: economic and market considerations. Author(s): Brookes, G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 79) Research spillovers in the biotech industry: the case of oilseed rape. Author(s): Gray, R. S. Malla, S. Tran, K. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 97) Mergers, acquisitions and flows of agbiotech intellectual property. Author(s): Schimmelpfennig, D. King, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 110) The impact of regulation on the development of new products in the food industry. Author(s): Menrad, K. Blind, K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 133) Governing innovative science: challenges facing the commercialization of plant-made pharmaceuticals. Author(s): Smyth, S. Khachatourians, G. G. Phillips, P. W. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 147) Are GURTs needed to remedy intellectual property failures and environmental problems with GM crops? Author(s): Budd, G.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 162) Economic effects of producing or banning GM crops. Author(s): Wronka, J. Schmitz, P. M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 175) Opposition to genetically modified wheat and global food security. Author(s): Haggui, F. Phillips, P. W. B. Gray, R. S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 191) International impacts of Bt cotton adoption. Author(s): Frisvold, G. B. Tronstad, R. Reeves, J. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), Burgemeester Patijnlaan 19, PO Box 29703, 2502 LS The Hague, Netherlands.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2006
  • ISBN
  • 9780851990569
  • Record Number
  • 20063078144