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CABI Book Chapter

International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Book cover for International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Description

This book addresses international trade and policy issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The 16 chapters in this volume are edited and revised versions of papers presented at the 8th International Conference of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Ravello, Italy, on 8-11 July 2004. Part I includes four chapters with an analytical focus. They deal wit...

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Chapter 14 (Page no: 162)

Economic effects of producing or banning GM crops.

This chapter examines the economic effects of the different policy responses from the EU regarding the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops in other regions. Some light is shed on the different regulatory systems in Brazil, China, the EU and the USA. This picture is supplemented by some general comments on recent developments in international agricultural policy. To have a close look at the different national frameworks is crucial, because they set the conditions for trade, production and consumption and therefore might have a significant impact on the world market. A theoretical background is developed and fortified with empirical data pertaining to production and trade patterns of maize and soyabeans. Thereafter the multicommodity, multiregion partial equilibrium model and the calculated scenarios are introduced. The results indicate a total welfare gain due to the introduction of GM crops for adopting and non-adopting countries.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biotechnology risks and project interdependence. Author(s): Knudsen, O. K. Scandizzo, P. L.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Restricted monopoly R&D pricing: uncertainty, irreversibility and non-market effects. Author(s): Weaver, R. D. Wesseler, J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 22) Biotechnology and the emergence of club behaviour in agricultural trade. Author(s): Tothova, M. Oehmke, J. F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) The labelling of genetically modified products in a global trading environment. Author(s): Scandizzo, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 43) Tree biotechnology: regulation and international trade. Author(s): Sedjo, R. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 50) Commercialized products of biotechnology and trade pattern effects. Author(s): Smyth, S. Kerr, W. A. Davey, K. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 64) The coexistence of GM and non-GM arable crops in the EU: economic and market considerations. Author(s): Brookes, G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 79) Research spillovers in the biotech industry: the case of oilseed rape. Author(s): Gray, R. S. Malla, S. Tran, K. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 97) Mergers, acquisitions and flows of agbiotech intellectual property. Author(s): Schimmelpfennig, D. King, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 110) The impact of regulation on the development of new products in the food industry. Author(s): Menrad, K. Blind, K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 125) Patents versus plant varietal protection. Author(s): Eaton, D. Tongeren, F. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 133) Governing innovative science: challenges facing the commercialization of plant-made pharmaceuticals. Author(s): Smyth, S. Khachatourians, G. G. Phillips, P. W. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 147) Are GURTs needed to remedy intellectual property failures and environmental problems with GM crops? Author(s): Budd, G.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 175) Opposition to genetically modified wheat and global food security. Author(s): Haggui, F. Phillips, P. W. B. Gray, R. S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 191) International impacts of Bt cotton adoption. Author(s): Frisvold, G. B. Tronstad, R. Reeves, J. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Agricultural Policy and Market Research, University of Giessen, Diezstrasse 15, D-35390 Giessen, Germany.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2006
  • ISBN
  • 9780851990569
  • Record Number
  • 20063078147