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CABI Book Chapter

International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Book cover for International trade and policies for genetically modified products.

Description

This book addresses international trade and policy issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The 16 chapters in this volume are edited and revised versions of papers presented at the 8th International Conference of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Ravello, Italy, on 8-11 July 2004. Part I includes four chapters with an analytical focus. They deal wit...

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 22)

Biotechnology and the emergence of club behaviour in agricultural trade.

This chapter emphasizes direct trade in GM crops. It notes that two distinct groupings of countries are emerging in formulations of regulatory regimes for GM foods. One group is the EU 'club' where a combination of bans and restrictions on trade are being implemented. The second group is the North American 'club' with low degrees of regulatory restrictions. The chapter analyses the nature of regulatory standards and conflicts with World Trade Organization rules, using a Krugman-style monopolistic competition trade model. It is indicated that with full labelling and traceability, the two clubs are unlikely to agree on standardized regulatory systems. The likely outcome is for trade to occur between members of each club.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biotechnology risks and project interdependence. Author(s): Knudsen, O. K. Scandizzo, P. L.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Restricted monopoly R&D pricing: uncertainty, irreversibility and non-market effects. Author(s): Weaver, R. D. Wesseler, J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) The labelling of genetically modified products in a global trading environment. Author(s): Scandizzo, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 43) Tree biotechnology: regulation and international trade. Author(s): Sedjo, R. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 50) Commercialized products of biotechnology and trade pattern effects. Author(s): Smyth, S. Kerr, W. A. Davey, K. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 64) The coexistence of GM and non-GM arable crops in the EU: economic and market considerations. Author(s): Brookes, G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 79) Research spillovers in the biotech industry: the case of oilseed rape. Author(s): Gray, R. S. Malla, S. Tran, K. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 97) Mergers, acquisitions and flows of agbiotech intellectual property. Author(s): Schimmelpfennig, D. King, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 110) The impact of regulation on the development of new products in the food industry. Author(s): Menrad, K. Blind, K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 125) Patents versus plant varietal protection. Author(s): Eaton, D. Tongeren, F. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 133) Governing innovative science: challenges facing the commercialization of plant-made pharmaceuticals. Author(s): Smyth, S. Khachatourians, G. G. Phillips, P. W. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 147) Are GURTs needed to remedy intellectual property failures and environmental problems with GM crops? Author(s): Budd, G.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 162) Economic effects of producing or banning GM crops. Author(s): Wronka, J. Schmitz, P. M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 175) Opposition to genetically modified wheat and global food security. Author(s): Haggui, F. Phillips, P. W. B. Gray, R. S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 191) International impacts of Bt cotton adoption. Author(s): Frisvold, G. B. Tronstad, R. Reeves, J. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, 317c AgH, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2006
  • ISBN
  • 9780851990569
  • Record Number
  • 20063078150