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CABI Book Chapter

Farmers, scientists and plant breeding: integrating knowledge and practice.

Book cover for Farmers, scientists and plant breeding: integrating knowledge and practice.

Description

This book reviews "participatory" or "collaborative" plant breeding and presents case studies. It also addresses three key issues: (1) what is the nature of plant breeding knowledge, in theory and practice?; (2) in what ways are farmers' and plant breeders' knowledge similar or different?; and (3) what are the implications for successful plant breeding initiatives? The purpose of this book is to e...

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Chapter 5 (Page no: 107)

Farmers' views and management of sorghum diversity in Western Harerghe, Ethiopia: implications for collaboration with formal breeding.

This chapter examines farmers' goals, concepts and practices in sorghum genetic resource management in highland and lowland ecologies of Western Harerghe, Ethiopia, including how farmers perceive and access diversity, name varieties, make selections and manage their environments. Research results suggest that farmers' perceptions and actions can consist of both more general processes of crop biology or genetics, and more local aspects of environmental conditions, individual actors' goals and sociocultural contexts. The latter are less readily translated into terms familiar to plant breeders, but are none the less important. The differences in the nature and scale of environmental categories of breeders and farmers may be one reason why farmers feel that formally developed varieties rarely perform well in their fields. This analysis, coupled with direct investigation of formal breeding and its institutional context, explores implications for CPB.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Farmers, scientists and plant breeding: knowledge, practice and the possibilities for collaboration. Author(s): Cleveland, D. A. Soleri, D.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Understanding farmers' knowledge as the basis for collaboration with plant breeders: methodological development and examples from ongoing research in Mexico, Syria, Cuba and Nepal. Author(s): Soleri, D. Cleveland, D. A. Smith, S. E. Ceccarelli, S. Grando, S. Rana, R. B. Rijal, D. Ríos Labrada, H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Economics perspectives on collaborative plant breeding for conservation of genetic diversity on farm. Author(s): Smale, M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 83) Social and agroecological variability of seed production and the potential collaborative breeding of potatoes in the Andean countries. Author(s): Zimmerer, K.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 137) How farmer-scientist cooperation is devalued and revalued: a Philippine example. Author(s): Frossard, D.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 161) Selecting with farmers: the formative years of cereal breeding and public seed in Switzerland (1889-1936). Author(s): Schneider, J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 189) Theory, empiricism and intuition in professional plant breeding. Author(s): Duvick, D. N.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 213) Conceptual changes in Cuban plant breeding in response to a national socio-economic crisis: the example of pumpkins. Author(s): Ríos Labrada, H. Soleri, D. Cleveland, D. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 239) Participatory plant breeding in 10 rice in Nepal. Author(s): Joshi, K. D. Sthapit, B. Subedi, M. Witcombe, J. R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 269) Collaborative maize variety development for stress-prone environments in southern Africa. Author(s): Bänziger, M. Meyer, J. de
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 297) Plant breeding with farmers requires testing the assumptions of conventional plant breeding: lessons from the ICARDA barley program. Author(s): Ceccarelli, S. Grando, S.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2002
  • ISBN
  • 9780851995854
  • Record Number
  • 20073012673