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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Litchi and longan: botany, production and uses.

Book cover for Litchi and longan: botany, production and uses.


Litchi and the related fruit longan are grown extensively in China and South East Asia, as well as in Australia, Florida (USA), southern Europe and southern Africa. This book represents the only comprehensive balanced and internationally focused publication on these fruits. It covers all aspects of production, from taxonomy and breeding to propagation, flowering and fruit set, diseases, pests and ...


Chapter 6 (Page no: 87)


This chapter reviews the following aspects of shoot and flower development in longan and litchi (Litchi chinensis): types of shoots (vegetative shoots, generative shoots, and mixed and transition shoots); role of growth regulators (cytokinins, auxins, ethylene, gibberellins and abscisic acid) and potassium chlorate in shoot initiation; effects of environmental factors (temperature, drought, nitrogen, and pruning and girdling) on shoot induction; floral morphology; floral development; sex ratio; ovule development and pistil receptivity; pollen viability; and pollination.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Origin, history, production and processing. Author(s): Huang XuMing Subhadrabandhu, S. Mitra, S. K. Ben-Arie, R. Stern, R. A.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 25) Taxonomy, botany and plant development. Author(s): Subhadrabandhu, S. Stern, R. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 35) Propagation. Author(s): Mitra, S. K. Ray, P. K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 49) Biotechnology. Author(s): Litz, R. E. Raharjo, S. Matsumoto, K. Witjaksono
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 59) Cultivars and plant improvement. Author(s): Menzel, C. M. Huang XuMing Liu ChengMing
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 115) Fruit set, development and maturation: litchi. Author(s): Huang HuiBai
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 141) Fruit disorders. Author(s): Huang XuMing
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Photosynthesis and productivity. Author(s): Menzel, C. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 183) Plant water relations and irrigation. Author(s): Menzel, C. M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 209) Plant nutrition and fertilizing. Author(s): Menzel, C. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 237) Pests. Author(s): Waite, G. K.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 261) Diseases. Author(s): Coates, L. Zhou ErXun Sittigul, C.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 273) Harvesting and storage. Author(s): Holcroft, D. M. Lin HeTong Ketsa, S.