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CABI Book Chapter

Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas.

Book cover for Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas.

Description

The 19 chapters included in this book provide an overview of research conducted within the framework of the collaborative research programme on 'Regional Food Security Policies for Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Economies' (RESPONSE). The programme aimed to identify strategic options for agricultural and rural development in less-favoured areas and policy instruments than enhance rura...

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Chapter 2 (Page no: 65)

Designing and evaluating alternatives for more sustainable natural resource management in less-favoured areas.

Less-favoured areas (LFAs) are defined as regions with low agricultural potential because of limited and uncertain rainfall, poor soils, steep slopes and/or other biophysical constraints, as well as regions that may have higher agricultural potential, but with poor infrastructure and limited access to markets, low population density and/or other socio-economic constraints. About 800 million people live in LFAs, mostly in the semi-arid tropics of Africa and South Asia, mountain and hillside areas in Africa, Latin America and South-east Asia, as well as in large parts of the humid (sub-)tropics of Africa and Latin America. The objective of this chapter is to contribute to the design and evaluation of options for more sustainable natural resource management (NRM) in LFAs. First, we deal with some basic issues in the design of alternatives for LFAs, including their definition, their biophysical and socio-economic diversity and heterogeneity and the main development pathways in which alternative NRM strategies may play a role. As LFAs are characterized by strong resource limitations at different scales, relevant issues on productivity and resource use efficiency in LFAs are discussed and a generic framework for the evaluation and design of alternatives is presented. In the search for options for more sustainable NRM in LFAs (technically feasible, economically viable, ecologically maintainable, socially acceptable), alternatives at different scales must be designed (including technological innovations and policy measures), aiming at maximum marginal resource use efficiency for the most limiting resource, and maximum absolute resource use efficiency for resources locally in more abundant supply. Essential for the success of those alternatives is strong stakeholder participation in both, their design and evaluation, using a multi-scale approach and taking into account the biophysical and socio-economic diversity and heterogeneity of NRM in LFAs.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas: problems, options and strategies. Author(s): Ruben, R. Pender, J. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 91) Dimensions of vulnerability of livelihoods in less-favoured areas: interplay between the individual and the collective. Author(s): Brons, J. Dietz, T. Niehof, A. Witsenburg, K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 111) Market imperfections. Author(s): Nazneen Ahmed Peerlings, J. Tilburg, A. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 135) Soil nutrient dynamics in integrated crop-livestock systems in the Northern Ethiopian Highlands. Author(s): Abegaz, A. Keulen, H. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 159) Rural development and sustainable land use in the hillsides of Honduras. Author(s): Jansen, H. G. P. Pender, J. Damon, A. Wielemaker, W. Schipper, R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 181) Resource use efficiency on own and sharecropped plots in northern Ethiopia: determinants and implications for sustainability. Author(s): Tesfay, G. Ruben, R. Pender, J. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 205) Food security through the livelihoods lens: an integrative approach. Author(s): Roa, J. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 228) Changing gender roles in household food security and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh. Author(s): Ahmed Ali Niehof, A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 248) Does social capital matter in vegetable markets? The social capital of indigenous agricultural communities in the Philippines: socio-cultural implications and consequences for local vegetable trade. Author(s): Milagrosa, A. Slangen, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 273) Making markets work for the poor: the challenge in the age of globalization. Author(s): Gabre-Madhin, E. Z.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 301) Market access, agricultural productivity and allocative efficiency in the banana sector of Uganda. Author(s): Bagamba, F. Burger, K. Ruben, R. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 328) Land and labour market participation decisions under imperfect markets: a case study in North-east Jiangxi Province, China. Author(s): Feng ShuYi Heerink, N. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 354) Land and labour allocation decisions in the shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture. Author(s): Jaleta, M. Gardebroek, C.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 375) Effects of deregulation of the rice market on farm prices in China: a marketing channel model. Author(s): Chen Le Peerlings, J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 397) Consequences of the abolition of multi-fibre arrangement import quotas on the apparel industry of Bangladesh: a computable general equilibrium analysis. Author(s): Nazneen Ahmed Peerlings, J.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 421) Poverty targeting with heterogeneous endowments: a micro-simulation analysis of a less-favoured Ethiopian village. Author(s): Kuiper, M. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 442) Less-favoured areas: looking beyond agriculture towards ecosystem services. Author(s): Lipper, L. Pingali, P. Zurek, M.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 461) Livelihood strategies, policies and sustainable poverty reduction in LFAs: a dynamic perspective. Author(s): Dorward, A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Plant Production Systems, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932770
  • Record Number
  • 20073253227