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CABI Book Chapter

Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas.

Book cover for Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas.

Description

The 19 chapters included in this book provide an overview of research conducted within the framework of the collaborative research programme on 'Regional Food Security Policies for Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Economies' (RESPONSE). The programme aimed to identify strategic options for agricultural and rural development in less-favoured areas and policy instruments than enhance rura...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 159)

Rural development and sustainable land use in the hillsides of Honduras.

We used data from 376 households, 1066 parcels and 2143 plots located in 95 villages in the hillside areas of Honduras to generate information needed by decision makers to assess the needs and opportunities for public investments, and design policies that stimulate natural resource conservation. We developed a quantitative livelihood approach, using factor and cluster analysis to distinguish between seven household livelihood strategies. Based on a multinomial logit model, we show that livelihood strategies are determined by comparative advantages through a combination of biophysical and socio-economic variables. While 92% of the sample households earned <US$1.00 per capita/day, households that pursue a livelihood strategy based only on basic grain farming were the poorest. Households following strategies that combine on-farm work with off-farm work attain slightly higher incomes. Household incomes can be increased by the following measures: (i) improving road infrastructure; (ii) widening access to land; (iii) implementing policies that reduce household size and dependency ratios; and (iv) adoption of sustainable land management technologies that restore soil fertility. Probit models show that the latter can be promoted by agricultural extension programmes and land redistribution. Investments in physical assets should be directed at households that pursue livelihood strategies based on off-farm employment or coffee production, while agricultural training programmes are best focused on livestock producers.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Sustainable poverty reduction in less-favoured areas: problems, options and strategies. Author(s): Ruben, R. Pender, J. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 65) Designing and evaluating alternatives for more sustainable natural resource management in less-favoured areas. Author(s): López-Ridaura, S. Keulen, H. van Giller, K. E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 91) Dimensions of vulnerability of livelihoods in less-favoured areas: interplay between the individual and the collective. Author(s): Brons, J. Dietz, T. Niehof, A. Witsenburg, K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 111) Market imperfections. Author(s): Nazneen Ahmed Peerlings, J. Tilburg, A. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 135) Soil nutrient dynamics in integrated crop-livestock systems in the Northern Ethiopian Highlands. Author(s): Abegaz, A. Keulen, H. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 181) Resource use efficiency on own and sharecropped plots in northern Ethiopia: determinants and implications for sustainability. Author(s): Tesfay, G. Ruben, R. Pender, J. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 205) Food security through the livelihoods lens: an integrative approach. Author(s): Roa, J. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 228) Changing gender roles in household food security and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh. Author(s): Ahmed Ali Niehof, A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 248) Does social capital matter in vegetable markets? The social capital of indigenous agricultural communities in the Philippines: socio-cultural implications and consequences for local vegetable trade. Author(s): Milagrosa, A. Slangen, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 273) Making markets work for the poor: the challenge in the age of globalization. Author(s): Gabre-Madhin, E. Z.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 301) Market access, agricultural productivity and allocative efficiency in the banana sector of Uganda. Author(s): Bagamba, F. Burger, K. Ruben, R. Kuyvenhoven, A.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 328) Land and labour market participation decisions under imperfect markets: a case study in North-east Jiangxi Province, China. Author(s): Feng ShuYi Heerink, N. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 354) Land and labour allocation decisions in the shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture. Author(s): Jaleta, M. Gardebroek, C.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 375) Effects of deregulation of the rice market on farm prices in China: a marketing channel model. Author(s): Chen Le Peerlings, J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 397) Consequences of the abolition of multi-fibre arrangement import quotas on the apparel industry of Bangladesh: a computable general equilibrium analysis. Author(s): Nazneen Ahmed Peerlings, J.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 421) Poverty targeting with heterogeneous endowments: a micro-simulation analysis of a less-favoured Ethiopian village. Author(s): Kuiper, M. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 442) Less-favoured areas: looking beyond agriculture towards ecosystem services. Author(s): Lipper, L. Pingali, P. Zurek, M.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 461) Livelihood strategies, policies and sustainable poverty reduction in LFAs: a dynamic perspective. Author(s): Dorward, A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Central America Office, San José, Costa Rica.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932770
  • Record Number
  • 20073253231