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CABI Book Chapter

Impact of science on African agriculture and food security.

Book cover for Impact of science on African agriculture and food security.

Description

This book, which contains 24 chapters and organized into three major parts, compiles available evidence of the impact of agricultural research in Eastern and Southern Africa to facilitate the mobilization of much needed additional investments for agricultural research and development in the continent. Part I addresses current issues, challenges and contributions in African agricultural development...

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Chapter 2 (Page no: 13)

The role of impact assessment in evaluating agricultural investments in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Eastern and Southern Africa, in particular, have been burdened with chronic food insecurity, pervasive rural poverty and natural resource degradation. In many countries, agricultural research and development (R&D) has had limited success in improving agricultural productivity and the livelihoods of resource-poor households. Impact assessment (IA) can measure and quantify the benefits and consequences of R&D investments. Although IA of agricultural R&D gained momentum in the 1990s in Eastern and Southern Africa, relatively few of the studies in Africa have been published. This chapter synthesizes the results of the IA studies included in this book and compares them with similar studies in other regions of the world. The available evidence indicates that rate of return for many R&D investments in Eastern and Southern African countries has been high for a wide range of programmes and commodities. Several challenges remain. There has been little methodological and practical work in assessing the economic impact of non-research outputs such as training, networking, advisory services, and policy and institutional reforms. Many assessments of the environmental impacts of R&D programmes are using qualitative methods because of the lack of data. At present, IA results in Eastern and Southern Africa are mainly used to satisfy external accountability and reporting. Few agricultural research managers use evaluation results to support their resource allocation decisions. Fewer institutions have developed formal institutional evaluation systems to support decision-making and institutional learning. IA remains relatively new and externally driven. Institutional and human capacity is still lacking to assess impact regularly, incorporate results in a continuous process of planning research, update research outcomes and revise research plans. National R&D systems need to pay greater attention to internal learning, accountability and institutionalizing feedback mechanisms in developing IA procedures.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Challenges facing African agriculture. Author(s): Babu, S. C. Anandajayasekeram, P. Rukuni, M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 34) Economics of wheat research in Kenya. Author(s): Makanda, D. W. Oehmke, J. F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 46) Impact of sorghum research and development in Zimbabwe: the case of SV 2. Author(s): Anandajayasekeram, P. Martella, D. R. Sanders, J. Kupfuma, B.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 57) Ex-ante analysis of the Sorghum and Millet Improvement Program. Author(s): Anandajayasekeram, P. Martella, D. R. Sanders, J. Kupfuma, B.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 68) Impact of pearl millet research and development in Namibia: the case of Okashana 1. Author(s): Anandajayasekeram, P. Martella, D. R. Sanders, J. Kupfuma, B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 74) Economic impact of maize research in Tanzania. Author(s): Moshi, A. J. Anandajayasekeram, P. Kaliba, A. Martella, D. Mwangi, W. Shao, F. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 83) Economic returns from livestock research and development in Tanzania: 1966-1995. Author(s): Kaliba, A. Fox, S. Norman, D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 91) Impact of the Russian wheat aphid integrated control programme in South Africa. Author(s): Marasas, C. N.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 103) The impact of public investment in maize research in Kenya. Author(s): Karanja, D. D.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 116) Impact of maize technology development and transfer in Ethiopia. Author(s): Zegeye, T. Tesfahun, G. Anandajayasekeram, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 127) Evaluating agricultural research and extension in Tanzania: the production function approach. Author(s): Isinika, A. C.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 137) Impact assessment of sorghum research in Zambia. Author(s): Chisi, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 147) The economic impact of investments in cassava research in Uganda. Author(s): Bua, A. Acola, G. Adupa, R. L. Otim-Nape, G. W. Baguma, Y. K. Sserunkuma, D. Manyong, V. Coulibaly, O.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 152) Impact assessment of groundnut research in Zimbabwe. Author(s): Mazhangara, E. P. Anandajayasekeram, P. Mudhara, M. Martella, D. Murata, M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 161) The rate of return to wine grape research and technology development in South Africa. Author(s): Townsend, R. Zyl, J. van
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 171) Socio-economic impact of lachenalia research in South Africa. Author(s): Niederwieser, J. G.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 184) Impact assessment of sunflower in Zimbabwe. Author(s): Murata, M. Anandajayasekeram, P. Mudhara, M. Martella, D. Mazhangara, E.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 192) Impact assessment of cotton research in Zimbabwe: 1970-1995. Author(s): Mudhara, M. Anandajayasekeram, P. Kupfuma, B. Mazhangara, E.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 199) The socio-economic impact of Proteaceae Research and Technology Development in South Africa. Author(s): Esterhuizen, J. M. C.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 210) Impact assessment of the biological control of Prosopis species in the Britstown-De Aar District, South Africa. Author(s): Esterhuizen, J. M. C.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 221) Socio-economic impact of the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases in South Africa. Author(s): Randela, R.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 236) Impact of investments in livestock research and development programmes in South Africa. Author(s): Mokoena, M. R.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 249) Overview of impact assessment methodologies. Author(s): Anandajayasekeram, P. Babu, S.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • International Livestock Research Institute, ILRI, Manager, Capacity Strengthening Unit (CaSt), PO Box 5689 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932671
  • Record Number
  • 20073254341