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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Leisure and tourism policy and planning.

Book cover for Leisure and tourism policy and planning.


This book provides a comprehensive, multidisciplinary introduction to public policy and planning in the field of leisure and tourism. It includes theoretical perspectives and practical guidelines for the application of a range of analytical techniques. It is an updated edition of Leisure Policy and Planning (1994), now covering tourism as well as leisure and addressing such issues as citizens' rig...


Chapter 2 (Page no: 11)

Leisure and tourism: rights, needs and citizenship.

This chapter examines the concepts of human rights, citizen rights and human need, their complex and contested nature and their implications for public policy, particularly governments' leisure and tourism policies. Declarations of human rights and of citizens' rights, including certain rights in the area of leisure and tourism, while they may have a philosophical or biological basis, are clearly political in nature. Declarations of rights are not scientific statements; they are values-based and reflect political commitment. Thus, international rights declarations and covenants achieve legitimacy only when they have been formally ratified by governments. Once ratified, the declarations have a status similar to an international treaty and become part of international law. Subsequent failure of governments to observe such statements becomes the focus of political protest and/or legal proceedings. In contrast, attempts have been made, particularly in the leisure studies literature, to imbue statements of need with a scientific status. In conclusion, if they are to form the basis for public policy, statements of need must also be seen as values-based and political in nature. Thus, rights and needs, in this context, are one and the same thing. It follows that public policy must inevitably be about values and politics.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 35) Political ideologies and the role of the state. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 53) The market versus the state. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 73) Public policy-making. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 88) Leisure and tourism plans and planning. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 116) Planning methods. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 154) Forecasting leisure and tourism demand. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 185) Economic evaluation techniques. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 211) Performance evaluation. Author(s): Veal, A. J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 238) Policy and planning for particular sectors and groups. Author(s): Veal, A. J.