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CABI Book Chapter

Biotechnology and plant disease management.

Book cover for Biotechnology and plant disease management.

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Chapter 19 (Page no: 436)

Virus-resistant transgenic papaya: commercial development and regulatory and environmental issues.

In Hawaii, transgenic papaya resistant to Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) was developed starting in the 1980s and released commercially in 1998 to combat the widespread destruction of Hawaii's papaya industry. This review describes the proactive development of the transgenic papaya and its impact on stemming the destruction caused by PRSV in Puna, the main papaya producing area in Hawaii. It also focuses on the regulatory issues that were confronted in obtaining approval from the US government's Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The performance of the transgenic papaya is traced over the last 8 years following commercial release, with special observations on the issues of environmental impact and coexistence with non-transgenic papaya. The latter is quite important since a significant part of Hawaii's papaya is exported to Canada and Japan. Canada has approved the transgenic papaya, but efforts to get approval for export of transgenic papaya to Japan are still ongoing.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Signal transduction pathways and disease resistant genes and their applications to fungal disease control. Author(s): Xing, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 16) Modulating quorum sensing and type III secretion systems in bacterial plant pathogens for disease management. Author(s): Yang, C. H. Yang, S.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 58) Application of biotechnology to understand pathogenesis in nematode plant pathogens. Author(s): Mitchum, M. G. Hussey, R. S. Davis, E. L. Baum, T. J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 87) Interactions between plant and virus proteomes in susceptible hosts: identification of new targets for antiviral strategies. Author(s): Sanfaçon, H. Jovel, J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 109) Mechanisms of plant virus evolution and identification of genetic bottlenecks: impact on disease management. Author(s): Roossinck, M. J. Ali, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 125) Molecular understanding of viroid replication cycles and identification of targets for disease management. Author(s): Owens, R. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 146) Molecular diagnostics of soilborne fungal pathogens. Author(s): Lévesque, C. A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 165) Molecular detection strategies for phytopathogenic bacteria. Author(s): Boer, S. H. de Elphinstone, J. G. Saddler, G. S.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 195) Molecular diagnostics of plant-parasitic nematodes. Author(s): Perry, R. N. Subbotin, S. A. Moens, M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 227) Molecular diagnostic methods for plant viruses. Author(s): Olmos, A. Capote, N. Bertolini, E. Cambra, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 250) Molecular identification and diversity of phytoplasmas. Author(s): Firrao, G. Conci, L. Locci, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 277) Molecular detection of plant viroids. Author(s): Singh, R. P.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 301) Application of cationic antimicrobial peptides for management of plant diseases. Author(s): Misra, S. Bhargava, A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 321) Molecular breeding approaches for enhanced resistance against fungal pathogens. Author(s): Knox, R. E. Clarke, F. R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 358) Protein-mediated resistance to plant viruses. Author(s): Uhrig, J. F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 374) Transgenic virus resistance using homology-dependent RNA silencing and the impact of mixed virus infections. Author(s): Ravelonandro, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 395) Molecular characterization of endogenous plant virus resistance genes. Author(s): Lanfermeijer, F. C. Hille, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 416) Potential for recombination and creation of new viruses in transgenic plants expressing viral genes: real or perceived risk? Author(s): Fuchs, M.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 462) Potential disease control strategies revealed by genome sequencing and functional genetics of plant pathogenic bacteria. Author(s): Charkowski, A. O.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 498) Molecular assessment of soil microbial communities with potential for plant disease suppression. Author(s): Elsas, J. D. van Costa, R.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 518) Enhancing biological control efficacy of yeasts to control fungal diseases through biotechnology. Author(s): Marchand, G. Clément-Mathieu, G. Neveu, B. Bélanger, R. R.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 532) Molecular insights into plant virus-vector interactions. Author(s): Rochon, D.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, USDA-ARS-PWA, 64 Nowelo Street, Hilo, HI 96720, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932886
  • Record Number
  • 20083096376