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CABI Book Chapter

Biodiversity loss and conservation in fragmented forest landscapes: the forests of montane Mexico and temperate South America.

Book cover for Biodiversity loss and conservation in fragmented forest landscapes: the forests of montane Mexico and temperate South America.


This book is the result of an international collaborative research effort focusing on the tropical montane forests of Mexico and the temperate rain forests of southern South America. The over-all aim of the research was to investigate the impact of human activity on the key processes influencing biodiversity in fragmented forest landscapes, and to use the research results to develop practical tool...


Chapter 14 (Page no: 314)

Identification of priority areas for conservation in south-central Chile.

There is an increasing awareness in Chile of the need to improve the representation of the country's forest types in the national network of protected areas, and to reduce the impacts of the native forest conversion to other land uses. One promising strategy is to use the principles of systematic conservation planning to identify important areas for the conservation of biodiversity. In this chapter we use information on the vulnerability of native forest to threatening processes and information on the distribution of forest types to systematically determine priorities for biodiversity conservation in the temperate forest region of south-central Chile. We find that the existing reserve network covers approximately 12% of the study region, and that only 53% of the area of native forest estimated to be present before European settlement remained in 1997. Temperate forest is now largely restricted to the upper elevations of the Andean and coastal ranges, within a matrix of pasture, agriculture and plantations. We develop a model of the conversion of native forest to plantations and predict conversion to be more likely in warm and low rainfall areas that are close to towns and roads and on red clay and mixed alluvial soils. We argue that the priority areas for conservation should be currently unprotected areas that are vulnerable to plantation conversion and that, if lost or degraded, will result in conservation targets being compromised. We find the Evergreen forest type to be a priority for conservation owing to its lack of representation in the existing reserve network and the degree to which it has been cleared. By focusing our conservation efforts on areas with the greatest conservation value and the highest likelihood of losing significant portions of this value, we will be able to achieve maximum impact for conservation investments in south-central Chile.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Newton, A. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 14) Spatial and temporal patterns of forest loss and fragmentation in Mexico and Chile. Author(s): Echeverría, C. Cayuela, L. Manson, R. H. Coomes, D. A. Lara, A. Rey-Benayas, J. M. Newton, A. C.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 43) Plant diversity in highly fragmented forest landscapes in Mexico and Chile: implications for conservation. Author(s): Rey-Benayas, J. M. Cayuela, L. González-Espinosa, M. Echeverría, C. Manson, R. H. Williams-Linera, G. Castillo, R. F. del Ramírez-Marcial, N. Muñiz-Castro, M. A. Blanco-Macías, A. Lara, A. Newton, A. C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 69) Fragmentation and edge effects on plant-animal interactions, ecological processes and biodiversity. Author(s): López-Barrera, F. Armesto, J. J. Williams-Linera, G. Smith-Ramírez, C. Manson, R. H.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 102) Habitat fragmentation and reproductive ecology of Embothrium coccineum, Eucryphia cordifolia and Aextoxicon punctatum in southern temperate rainforests. Author(s): Smith-Ramírez, C. Rovere, A. E. Núñez-Ávila, M. C. Armesto, J. J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 120) Patterns of genetic variation in tree species and their implications for conservation. Author(s): Premoli, A. C. Castillo, R. F. del Newton, A. C. Bekessy, S. Caldiz, M. Martínez-Araneda, C. Mathiasen, P. Núñez-Ávila, M. C. Quiroga, P. Souto, C. Trujillo-Argueta, S.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 158) Secondary succession under a slash-and-burn regime in a tropical montane cloud forest: soil and vegetation characteristics. Author(s): Castillo, R. F. del Blanco-Macías, A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 181) The impact of logging and secondary succession on the below-ground system of a cloud forest in Mexico. Author(s): Negrete-Yankelevich, S. Fragoso, C. Newton, A. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 200) Applying succession models to the conservation of tropical montane forest. Author(s): Golicher, D. Newton, A. C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 223) Models of regional and local stand composition and dynamics of pine-oak forests in the Central Highlands of Chiapas (Mexico): theoretical and management implications. Author(s): Zavala, M. A. Galindo-Jaimes, L. González-Espinosa, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 244) Process-based modelling of regeneration dynamics and sustainable use in species-rich rainforests. Author(s): Rüger, N. Armesto, J. J. Gutiérrez, A. G. Williams-Linera, G. Huth, A.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 276) Testing forest biodiversity indicators by assessing anthropogenic impacts along disturbance gradients. Author(s): Newton, A. C. Echeverría, C. González-Espinosa, M. Williams-Linera, G. Ramírez-Marcial, N. Thiers, O. Armesto, J. J. Aravena, J. C. Lara, A.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 291) Fire challenges to conserving tropical ecosystems: the case study of Chiapas. Author(s): Román-Cuesta, R. M. Retana, J. Gracia, M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 335) Restoration of forest ecosystems in fragmented landscapes of temperate and montane tropical Latin America. Author(s): González-Espinosa, M. Ramírez-Marcial, N. Newton, A. C. Rey-Benayas, J. M. Camacho-Cruz, A. Armesto, J. J. Lara, A. Premoli, A. C. Williams-Linera, G. Altamirano, A. Alvarez-Aquino, C. Cortés, M. Echeverría, C. Galindo-Jaimes, L. Muñiz-Castro, M. A. Núñez-Ávila, M. C. Pedraza, R. A. Rovere, A. E. Smith-Ramírez, C. Thiers, O. Zamorano, C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 370) Future scenarios for tropical montane and south temperate forest biodiversity in Latin America. Author(s): Miles, L. Newton, A. C. Alvarez-Aquino, C. Armesto, J. J. Castillo, R. F. del Cayuela, L. Echeverría, C. González-Espinosa, M. Lara, A. López-Barrera, F. Manson, R. H. Montoya-Gómez, G. Muñiz-Castro, M. A. Núñez-Ávila, M. C. Pedraza, R. A. Rey-Benayas, J. M. Rovere, A. E. Rüger, N. Smith-Ramírez, C. Souto, C. Williams-Linera, G.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • The Ecology Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932619
  • Record Number
  • 20083096942