Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.


Continuing to use  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Long distance transport and welfare of farm animals.

Book cover for Long distance transport and welfare of farm animals.


The book is a compilation of articles on the effect of animal transport on the food safety and quality, health and welfare of livestock animals for agricultural and processing industry. The implication of long distance transport of animals for slaughter is highlighted. Topics discussed are: science of animal welfare; economics; physiology of diseases; legislation; meat quality; enforcement of tran...


Chapter 14 (Page no: 387)

Middle East.

The Middle East due to arid climatic conditions in most parts of the region is currently not able to produce enough animals to be self sufficient in meat. This fact, coupled with traditional patterns of slaughter and consumption, has led to a continued demand for large numbers of live animals, particularly sheep, to be imported into the region. Religious and cultural factors in the region have caused the demand for huge numbers of live ruminants especially sheep. The Middle East imports millions of live ruminants from countries such as Australia, New Zealand (the live trade from New Zealand was effectively ended in 2000 when, in response to higher than acceptable in-transit deaths, minimum age limits were placed on the live export of New Zealand sheep by the Ministry for Agriculture and Forestry - see Chapter 2, this volume), Brazil, China, parts of Europe, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Pakistan. They are also traded locally among Middle East countries. In addition to long-distance transport by sea, the animals after being unloaded from ship at the ports are kept for varying periods of time in 'feedlots'. They are then transported for considerable distances from the port to the cities and then on to the markets from where they are sold to the butchers for local trade or bought by consumers straight from the feedlots and then transported by road. Various forms of vehicles from a car, open truck or a pickup van to a covered conventional truck are used. At present, specific laws on animal welfare do not exist in most of the countries of the region where inhumane transport and slaughter are of concern. In many countries it is common for animals to be transported in open trucks or crammed in the boot of the cars or overloaded in open trucks and then kept without proper shelter, food and water for long durations prior to being sold. Although cultural traditions on humane treatment of animals may exist, for example in religious teachings, specific laws on animal welfare are lacking in this region. Education of the traders and butchers in the area of animal sentience and animal welfare should be a priority. For some communities, this could well be done by highlighting religious teachings on animal welfare, for example those in the Quran and the Hadiths. There should be a political will to bring about changes in the existing methods of transport of animals for slaughter and at slaughter. Strict enforcement of legislation, in countries where it exists, and introduction in countries where there is none should be a priority.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Science of animal welfare. Author(s): Appleby, M. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 18) Economic aspects. Author(s): Appleby, M. C. Cussen, V. Garcés, L. Lambert, L. A. Turner, J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 69) Physiology and disease. Author(s): Manteca, X.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 77) Meat quality. Author(s): María, G. A.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 113) Enforcement of transport regulations: the EU as case study. Author(s): Cussen, V. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 137) The welfare of livestock during sea transport. Author(s): Phillips, C. J. C.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 157) The welfare of livestock during road transport. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 182) Africa. Author(s): Menczer, K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 218) North America. Author(s): Engebretson, M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 261) South America. Author(s): Gallo, C. B. Tadich, T. A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 288) Asia. Author(s): Li, P. J. Rahman, A. Brooke, P. D. B. Collins, L. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 324) Australia and New Zealand. Author(s): Fisher, M. W. Jones, B. S.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 355) Europe. Author(s): Corson, S. Anderson, L.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Commonwealth Veterinary Association, #123, 7th 'B' Main Road, 4th Block (West), Jayanagar, Bangalore, India.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2008
  • ISBN
  • 9781845934033
  • Record Number
  • 20083129004