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CABI Book Chapter

Mathematical modelling in animal nutrition.

Book cover for Mathematical modelling in animal nutrition.

Description

The primary purpose of each of the subsequent chapters of this book is to promulgate quantitative approaches concerned with elucidating mechanisms in a particular area of the nutrition of ruminants, pigs, poultry, fish or pets. Given the diverse scientific backgrounds of the contributors of each chapter (the chapters in the book are arranged according to subject area), the imposition of a rigid fo...

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Chapter 13 (Page no: 295)

Assessment of protein and amino acid requirements in adult mammals, with specific focus on cats, dogs and rabbits.

Understanding a comparative approach to protein and amino acid requirements necessitates information on: (1) the animals' natural food preferences; (2) differences in digestive anatomy and physiology; (3) differences in protein and amino acid metabolism; and (4) details on the experimental design that has been used to investigate protein and amino acid requirements. This review specifically discusses potential differences in protein and amino acid metabolism and requirements, as well as details on experimental design. Details of the experimental design include such factors as: the technique used to quantify the requirement or effect, the diet composition and the species, breed and anthropometric details of the animals studied. Also, this review focuses on the broad base of knowledge available on rabbits (herbivores), dogs (omnivores) and cats (obligate carnivores).

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Mathematical modelling in animal nutrition - introduction. Author(s): France, J. Kebreab, E.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Linear models for determining digestibility. Author(s): Dhanoa, M. S. López, S. France, J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 47) Non-linear functions in animal nutrition. Author(s): López, S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 89) Interesting simple dynamic growth models. Author(s): Thornley, J. H. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 121) The dilemma in models of intake regulation: mechanistic or empirical. Author(s): Poppi, D. P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 142) Models to measure and interpret exchange of metabolites across the capillary bed of intact organs. Author(s): Cant, J. P. Qiao, F.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 170) Modelling protozoal metabolism and volatile fatty acid production in the rumen. Author(s): Dijkstra, J. Kebreab, E. France, J. Bannink, A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 189) Modelling methane emissions from farm livestock. Author(s): Mills, J. A. N.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 204) Supporting measurements required for evaluation of greenhouse gas emission models for enteric fermentation and stored animal manure. Author(s): Wagner-Riddle, C. Kebreab, E. France, J. Rapai, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 225) Data capture: development of a mobile open-circuit ventilated hood system for measuring real-time gaseous emissions in cattle. Author(s): Odongo, N. E. Al-Zahal, O. Las, J. E. Kramer, A. Kerrigan, B. Kebreab, E. France, J. McBride, B. W.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 241) Efficiency of amino acid utilization in simple-stomached animals and humans - a modelling approach. Author(s): Moughan, P. J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 254) Compartmental models of protein turnover to resolve isotope dilution data. Author(s): Crompton, L. A. France, J. Dias, R. S. Kebreab, E. Hanigan, M. D.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 316) Mathematical representation of the partitioning of retained energy in the growing pig. Author(s): Lange, C. F. M. de Morel, P. C. H. Birkett, S. H.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 339) Aspects of energy metabolism and energy partitioning in broiler chickens. Author(s): Lopez, G. Leeson, S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 353) Modelling phosphorus metabolism. Author(s): Kebreab, E. Vitti, D. M. S. S. Odongo, N. E. Dias, R. S. Crompton, L. A. France, J.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 370) Methodological considerations for measuring phosphorus utilization in pigs. Author(s): Fan, M. Z. Shen, Y. Yin, Y. L. Wang, Z. R. Wang, Z. Y. Li, T. J. Rideout, T. C. Huang, R. L. Archbold, T. Yang, C. B. Wang, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 398) The prediction of the consequences of pathogen challenges on the performance of growing pigs. Author(s): Kyriazakis, I. Sandberg, F. B. Brindle, W.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 419) Factors regulating feed efficiency and nutrient utilization in beef cattle. Author(s): Swanson, K. Miller, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 442) Models of nutrient utilization by fish and potential applications for fish culture operations. Author(s): Bureau, D. P. Hua, K.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 462) Integrated approaches to evaluate nutritional strategies for dairy cows. Author(s): Bannink, A. Reijs, J. W. Dijkstra, J.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 485) Modelling lactation potential in an animal model. Author(s): Hanigan, M. D. Palliser, C. C. Rius, A. G.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 507) The diary of Molly. Author(s): Baldwin, R. L.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 526) Modelling sugarcane utilization by dairy cows in the tropics. Author(s): Assis, A. G. Campos, O. F. Dijkstra, J. Kebreab, E. France, J.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 544) Simulation exercises for animal science MSc students: rumen digestion and pig growth. Author(s): Gerritis, W. J. J. Kebreab, E. Kramer, M. R. Dijkstra, J.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Centre for Nutrition Modelling, Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2008
  • ISBN
  • 9781845933548
  • Record Number
  • 20083163653