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CABI Book Chapter

Building community capacity for tourism development.

Book cover for Building community capacity for tourism development.

Description

This book seeks to improve an understanding of what happens when communities turn to, or are subjected to, tourism as a development strategy; use this knowledge to change the process of tourism planning and development in ways that will lead to improved outcomes for destination residents; address some of the knowledge gaps and to further develop some aspects of building community capacity to help ...

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Chapter 5 (Page no: 60)

Community-based tourism in Asia.

This chapter examines evaluation criteria and steps towards community-based tourism (CBT) development to guide the development of more effective community tourism in Asia. The criteria to evaluate successful CBT suggested by the professionals were summarized into six main factors: (1) CBT should practically involve the broad community; (2) benefits gained from CBT should be distributed equally throughout the destination community; (3) good and careful management of tourism is significant; (4) CBT should have strong partnerships and support from within and outside a community; (5) uniqueness of the place should be considered to sustain the destination; and (6) environmental conservation should not be neglected. The second study examined the groups of decision makers, operators and visitors in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia with respect to their overall attitudes towards, and expectations of CBT and views on the future of CBT development. The stakeholders who participated in the present research reported that the 'community-centred' emphasis of the CBT concept was important. The surveyed stakeholders were also asked to prioritize nine steps recommended to develop CBT. While it is clear that CBT should involve and benefit destination communities, every community is unique and the challenge is to find ways which can lead each community to success. There is no one solution that fits all for CBT development and it is likely that successful applications in Europe may not be applicable for Asian communities. Of particular importance is the problem that communities must have an awareness of tourism to be able to decide about its development. Therefore, support from other involved stakeholders such as government or the private sector may be important for countries in Asia where some communities are still remote from education and communication. However, the hope that CBT could be an effective tool for Asian community development is not unrealistic, but there should be a better understanding of what positive and negative impacts may occur from tourism development.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Community capacity building: an emerging challenge for tourism development. Author(s): Moscardo, G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 16) Enhancing the economic benefits of tourism at the local level. Author(s): Stoeckl, N.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) Understanding how tourism can bring sociocultural benefits to destination communities. Author(s): Pearce, P. L.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 41) Linking a sense of place with a sense of care: overcoming sustainability challenges faced by remote island communities. Author(s): Walker, K.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 75) Examples of effective techniques for enhancing community understanding of tourism. Author(s): Sammy, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 86) Tools to enhance community capacity to critically evaluate tourism activities. Author(s): Walker, K.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 101) Partnerships for tourism development. Author(s): Stronza, A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 116) Enhancing participation of women in tourism. Author(s): Manwa, H.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 123) Entrepreneurship and the rural tourism industry: a primer. Author(s): McGehee, N. G. Kline, C. S.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 142) Perspectives on leadership coaching for regional tourism managers and entrepreneurs. Author(s): Blackman, A.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 155) Capacity building through cooperation. Author(s): Monypenny, R.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 172) Building community capacity for tourism development: conclusions. Author(s): Moscardo, G.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Tourism Industry Development and Management Division, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Phetchaburi Rajabhat University, Phetchaburi, Thailand.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2008
  • ISBN
  • 9781845934477
  • Record Number
  • 20083237559