Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.


Continuing to use  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. La Grande Motte, France, 22-27 April 2007.

Book cover for Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. La Grande Motte, France, 22-27 April 2007.


These proceedings contain the full-length papers and abstracts of papers presented at the symposium. Subjects covered include: ecology and modelling in biological control of weeds; benefits, risks and cost analysis of biological weed control; target and biological control agent selection; pre-release specificity and efficacy testing; regulations and public awareness; evolutionary processes; opport...


Chapter 19 (Page no: 133)

Giving dyer's woad the blues: encouraging first results for biological control.

Dyer's woad, Isatis tinctoria L. (Brassicaceae), has been cultivated since Roman times throughout Europe for the blue indigo dye extracted from its leaves and was introduced by early colonists into North America. Today, it is a declared noxious weed in ten western US states. A literature survey for insects, mites and pathogens associated with dyer's woad revealed several biological control candidates. Three were found in 2004 during preliminary field surveys in Switzerland and Germany: Ceutorhynchus rusticus Gyllenhal and Aulacobaris fallax H. Brisout, both root-mining weevils, and Psylliodes isatidis Heikertinger, a shoot-mining flea beetle. Results of host-specificity tests conducted at CABI Europe-Switzerland are particularly promising for C. rusticus, a very damaging species able to kill overwintering rosettes. Results of additional host-specificity tests with P. isatidis are necessary to decide whether it is worth continuing with this species, while A. fallax is not specialized enough to be further considered. In 2006, additional field surveys were conducted in Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and Kazakhstan to find new candidates. Based on the material identified thus far, two species are of interest, a flea beetle preliminarily identified as Psylliodes sophiae var. tricolor Weise and a root-mining weevil preliminarily identified as Aulacobaris near fallax. For both species, rearing colonies were established in Switzerland, and methods for host-specificity tests were developed. A literature survey revealed 62 species to be associated with dyer's woad in Europe. Of the ten species only described from dyer's woad (I. tinctoria) or closely related Isatis species, four are of particular interest, viz. the rootmining weevil Aulacobaris licens Reitter, an as-yet undescribed Lixus sp. and the two seed-feeding weevils Bruchela exigua Motschulsky and Ceutorhynchus peyerimhoffi Hustache. Surveys will be conducted in 2007 to find at least two of these four species, and investigations on already available agents will continue.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Is modelling population dynamics useful for anything other than keeping a researcher busy? Author(s): Buckley, Y. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biomass reduction of Euphorbia esula/virgata by insect/bacterial combinations. Author(s): Caesar, A. J. Kremer, R. J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 13) Rhizosphere bacterial communities associated with insect root herbivory of an invasive plant, Euphorbia esula/virgata. Author(s): Caesar, A. J. Caesar-Ton That, T.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 20) The endophyte-enemy release hypothesis: implications for classical biological control and plant invasions. Author(s): Evans, H. C.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 26) Multiple-species introductions of biological control agents against weeds: look before you leap. Author(s): Impson, F. A. C. Moran, V. C. Kleinjan, C. Hoffmann, J. H. Moore, J. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 32) Clipping the butterfly bush's wings: defoliation studies to assess the likely impact of a folivorous weevil. Author(s): Kriticos, D. J. Watt, M. S. Whitehead, D. Gous, S. F. Potter, K. J. Richardson, B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 37) Can a pathogen provide insurance against host shifts by a biological control organism? Author(s): McEvoy, P. B. Karacetin, E. Bruck, D. J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 43) Which haystack? Climate matching to narrow the search for weed biological control agents. Author(s): Robertson, M. P. Zachariades, C. Kriticos, D. J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 44) Nutritional characteristics of Hydrilla verticillata and its effect on two biological control agents. Author(s): Shearer, J. F. Grodowitz, M. J. Freedman, J. E.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 52) How sensitive is weed invasion to seed predation? Author(s): Klinken, R. D. van Colasanti, R. Buckley, Y. M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 67) Return on investment: determining the economic impact of biological control programmes. Author(s): McFadyen, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 75) Post-release non-target monitoring of Mogulones cruciger, a biological control agent released to control Cynoglossum officinale in Canada. Author(s): Andreas, J. E. Schwarzländer, M. Ding, H. Eigenbrode, S. D.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 83) Assessing indirect impacts of biological control agents on native biodiversity: a community-level approach. Author(s): Carvalheiro, L. G. Buckley, Y. M. Ventim, R. Memmott, J.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 87) Factors affecting oviposition rate in the weevil Rhinocyllus conicus on non-target Carduus spp. in New Zealand. Author(s): Groenteman, R. Kelly, D. Fowler, S. V. Bourdôt, G. W.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 91) Fortieth anniversary review of the CSIRO European Laboratory: does native range research provide good return on investment? Author(s): Sheppard, A. W. Briese, D. T. Cullen, J. M. Groves, R. H. Julien, M. H. Lonsdale, W. M. Scott, J. K. Wapshere, A. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 109) Latin American weed biological control science at the crossroads. Author(s): Barreto, R. W.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 122) Galling guilds associated with Acacia dealbata and factors guiding selection of potential biological control agents. Author(s): Adair, R. J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 129) Biological control of Miconia calvescens with a suite of insect herbivores from Costa Rica and Brazil. Author(s): Badenes-Perez, F. R. Alfaro-Alpizar, M. A. Castillo-Castillo, A. Johnson, M. T.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 138) Herbivores associated with Arundo donax in California. Author(s): Dudley, T. L. Lambert, A. M. Kirk, A. Tamagawa, Y.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 145) Which species of the thistle biocontrol agent Trichosirocalus are present in New Zealand? Author(s): Groenteman, R. Kelly, D. Fowler, S. V. Bourdôt, G. W.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 150) Bionomics and seasonal occurrence of Larinus filiformis Petri, 1907 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in eastern Turkey, a potential biological control agent for Centaurea solstitialis L. Author(s): Gültekİn, L. Cristofaro, M. Tronci, C. Smith, L.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 154) All against one: first results of a newly formed foreign exploration consortium for the biological control of perennial pepperweed. Author(s): Hinz, H. L. Gerber, E. Cristofaro, M. Tronci, C. Seier, M. Korotyaev, B. A. Gültekİn, L. Williams, L. Schwarzländer, M.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 160) Potential biological control agents for fumitory (Fumaria spp.) in Australia. Author(s): Jourdan, M. Vitou, J. Thomann, T. Maxwell, A. Scott, J. K.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 165) Expanding classical biological control of weeds with pathogens in India: the way forward. Author(s): Kumar, P. S. Rabindra, R. J. Ellison, C. A.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 173) Explorations in Central Asia and Mediterranean basin to select biological control agents for Salsola tragus. Author(s): Lecce, F. Paolini, A. Tronci, C. Gültekİn, L. Cristina, F. di Korotyaev, B. A. Colonnelli, E. Cristofaro, M. Smith, L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 178) Eriophyoid mites on Centaurea solstitialis in the Mediterranean area. Author(s): Monfreda, R. Lillo, E. de Cristofaro, M.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 182) Diclidophlebia smithi (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) a potential biological agent for Miconia calvescens. Author(s): Morais, E. G. F. Picanço, M. C. Barreto, R. W. Silva, G. A. Campos, M. R. Queiroz, R. B.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 189) A lace bug as biological control agent of yellow starthistle, Centaurea solstitialis L. (Asteraceae): an unusual choice. Author(s): Paolini, A. Tronci, C. Lecce, F. Hayat, R. Cristina, F. di Cristofaro, M. Smith, L.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 195) Pathogens from Brazil for classical biocontrol of Tradescantia fluminensis. Author(s): Pereira, O. L. Barreto, R. W. Waipara, N.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 200) Field and laboratory observations of the life history of the Swiss biotype of Longitarsus jacobaeae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Author(s): Puliafico, K. P. Littlefield, J. L. Markin, G. P. Schaffner, U.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 206) Fungal survey for biocontrol agents of Ipomoea carnea from Brazil. Author(s): Soares, D. J. Barreto, R. W.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 211) Biological control of lippia (Phyla canescens): surveys for the plant and its natural enemies in Argentina. Author(s): Sosa, A. J. Traversa, M. G. Delhey, R. Kiehr, M. Cardo, M. V. Julien, M. H.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 216) Potential biological control agents of field bindweed, common teasel and field dodder from Slovakia. Author(s): Tóth, P. Tóthova, M. Cagáň, L.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 221) Lewia chlamidosporiformans, a mycoherbicide for control of Euphorbia heterophylla: isolate selection and mass production. Author(s): Vieira, B. S. Nechet, K. L. Barreto, R. W.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 227) Sphenoptera foveola (Buprestidae) as a potential agent for biological control of skeletonweed, Chondrilla juncea. Author(s): Volkovitsh, M. G. Dolgovskaya, M. Yu Reznik, S. Ya Markin, G. P. Cristofaro, M. Tronci, C.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 232) Common buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica L.: available feeding niches and the importance of controlling this invasive woody perennial in North America. Author(s): Yoder, M. V. Skinner, L. C. Ragsdale, D. W.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 238) Evaluation of Fusarium as potential biological control against Orobanche on Faba bean in Tunisia. Author(s): Boutiti, M. Z. Souissi, T. Kharrat, M.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 455) Opportunities and constraints for the biological control of weeds in Europe. Author(s): Vurro, M. Evans, H. C.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 463) Could Fallopia japonica be the first target for classical weed biocontrol in Europe? Author(s): Djeddour, D. H. Shaw, R. H. Evans, H. C. Tanner, R. A. Kurose, D. Takahashi, N. Seier, M.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 470) Biological control of Rumex species in Europe: opportunities and constraints. Author(s): Hatcher, P. E. Brandsaeter, L. O. Davies, G. Lüscher, A. Hinz, H. L. Eschen, R. Schaffner, U.
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 476) Opportunities for classical biological control of weeds in European overseas territories. Author(s): Bourgeois, T. le Blanfort, V. Baret, S. Lavergne, C. Soubeyran, Y. Meyer, J. Y.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 484) Weed biological control regulation in Europe: boring but important. Author(s): Shaw, R. H.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 495) Release strategies in weed biocontrol: how well are we doing and is there room for improvement? Author(s): Fowler, S. V. Harman, H. M. Memmott, J. Peterson, P. G. Smith, L.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 503) Feeding impacts of a leafy spurge biological control agent on a native plant, Euphorbia robusta. Author(s): Baker, J. L. Webber, N. A. P.
Chapter: 46 (Page no: 507) Variation in the efficacy of a mycoherbicide and two synthetic herbicide alternatives. Author(s): Bourdôt, G. W. Hurrell, G. A. Saville, D. J.
Chapter: 47 (Page no: 512) Ten years after the release of the water hyacinth mirid Eccritotarsus catarinensis in South Africa: what have we learnt? Author(s): Coetzee, J. A. Hill, M. P. Byrne, M. J.
Chapter: 48 (Page no: 516) Release and establishment of the Scotch broom seed beetle, Bruchidius villosus, in Oregon and Washington, USA. Author(s): Coombs, E. M. Markin, G. P. Andreas, J.
Chapter: 49 (Page no: 521) Biological control of Mediterranean sage (Salvia aethiopis) in Oregon. Author(s): Coombs, E. M. Miller, J. C. Andres, L. A. Turner, C. E.
Chapter: 50 (Page no: 528) Preliminary results of a survey on the role of arthropod rearing in classical weed biological control. Author(s): Clerck-Floate, R. de Hinz, H. L. Heard, T. Julien, M. Wardill, T. Cook, C.
Chapter: 51 (Page no: 535) Beginning success of biological control of saltcedars (Tamarix spp.) in the southwestern USA. Author(s): DeLoach, C. J. Moran, P. J. Knutson, A. E. Thompson, D. C. Carruthers, R. I. Michels, J. Herr, J. C. Muegge, M. Eberts, D. Randal, C. Everitt, J. O'Meara, S. Sanabria, J.
Chapter: 52 (Page no: 540) Monitoring the rust fungus, Puccinia jaceae var. solstitialis, for biological control of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis). Author(s): Fisher, A. J. Woods, D. M. Smith, L. Bruckart, W. L.
Chapter: 53 (Page no: 545) Is ragwort flea beetle (Longitarsus jacobeae) performance reduced by high rainfall on the West Coast, South Island, New Zealand? Author(s): Gourlay, A. H. Fowler, S. V. Rattray, G.
Chapter: 54 (Page no: 552) Host-range investigations of potential biological control agents of alien invasive hawkweeds (Hieracium spp.) in the USA and Canada: an overview. Author(s): Grosskopf, G. Wilson, L. M. Littlefield, J. L.
Chapter: 55 (Page no: 558) Azolla filiculoides Lamarck (Pteridophyta: Azollaceae) control in South Africa: a 10-year review. Author(s): Hill, M. P. McConnachie, A. J. Byrne, M. J.
Chapter: 56 (Page no: 561) Species pairs for the biological control of weeds: advantageous or unnecessary? Author(s): Jackson, C. A. R. Myers, J. H.
Chapter: 57 (Page no: 568) Field studies of the biology of the moth Bradyrrhoa gilveolella (Treitschke) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as a potential biocontrol agent for Chondrilla juncea. Author(s): Kashefi, J. Markin, G. P. Littlefield, J. L.
Chapter: 58 (Page no: 573) The release and establishment of the tansy ragwort flea beetle in the northern Rocky Mountains of Montana. Author(s): Littlefield, J. L. Markin, G. P. Puliafico, K. P. Meij, A. E. de
Chapter: 59 (Page no: 577) Factors affecting mass production of Duosporium yamadanum in rice grains. Author(s): Macedo, D. M. Barreto, R. W. Pomella, A. W. V.
Chapter: 60 (Page no: 583) Biological control of tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaeae, L.) by the cinnabar moth, Tyria jacobaeae (CL) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae), in the northern Rocky Mountains. Author(s): Markin, G. P. Littlefield, J. L.
Chapter: 61 (Page no: 589) Establishment, spread and initial impacts of Gratiana boliviana (Chrysomelidae) on Solanum viarum in Florida. Author(s): Medal, J. Overholt, W. A. Stansly, P. Roda, A. Osborne, L. Hibbard, K. Gaskalla, R. Burns, E. Chong, J. Sellers, B. Hight, S. D. Cuda, J. P. Vitorino, M. Bredow, E. Pedrosa-Macedo, J. H. Wikler, C.
Chapter: 62 (Page no: 594) Dissemination and impacts of the fungal pathogen, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. miconiae, on the invasive alien tree, Miconia calvescens, in Tahiti (South Pacific). Author(s): Meyer, J. Y. Taputuarai, R. Killgore, E.
Chapter: 63 (Page no: 601) One agent is usually sufficient for successful biological control of weeds. Author(s): Myers, J. H.
Chapter: 64 (Page no: 607) Evaluating implementation success for seven seed head insects on Centaurea solstitialis in California, USA. Author(s): Pitcairn, M. J. Villegas, B. Woods, D. M. Yacoub, R. Joley, D. B.
Chapter: 65 (Page no: 614) The ragweed leaf beetle Zygogramma suturalis F. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Russia: current distribution, abundance and implication for biological control of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Author(s): Reznik, S. Ya. Spasskaya, I. A. Dolgovskaya, M. Yu. Volkovitsh, M. G. Zaitzev, V. F.
Chapter: 66 (Page no: 620) Long-term field evaluation of Mecinus janthinus releases against Dalmatian toadflax in Montana (USA). Author(s): Sing, S. E. Weaver, D. K. Nowierski, R. M. Markin, G. P.
Chapter: 67 (Page no: 625) Post-release evaluation of invasive plant biological control agents in BC using IAPP, a novel database management platform. Author(s): Turner, S. C.
Chapter: 68 (Page no: 649) Integration of biological control into weed management strategies. Author(s): DiTomaso, J. M.
Chapter: 69 (Page no: 655) Biological control of Melaleuca quinquenervia: goal-based assessment of success. Author(s): Center, T. D. Pratt, P. D. Tipping, P. W. Rayamajhi, M. B. Wineriter, S. A. Purcell, M. F.
Chapter: 70 (Page no: 665) Hydrilla verticillata threatens South African waters. Author(s): Coetzee, J. A. Madeira, P. T.
Chapter: 71 (Page no: 669) Status of the biological control of banana poka, Passiflora mollissima (aka P. tarminiana) in Hawaii. Author(s): Friesen, R. D. Causton, C. E. Markin, G. P.
Chapter: 72 (Page no: 676) A cooperative research model - biological control of Parkinsonia aculeata and Landcare groups in northern Australia. Author(s): Galea, V. J.
Chapter: 73 (Page no: 680) A global view of the future for biological control of gorse, Ulex europaeus L. Author(s): Hill, R. L. Ireson, J. Sheppard, A. W. Gourlay, A. H. Norambuena, H. Markin, G. P. Kwong, R. Coombs, E. M.
Chapter: 74 (Page no: 687) Assigning success in biological weed control: what do we really mean? Author(s): Hoffmann, J. H. Moran, V. C.
Chapter: 75 (Page no: 693) Combination of a mycoherbicide with selected chemical herbicides for control of Euphorbia heterophylla. Author(s): Nechet, K. L. Vieira, B. S. Barreto, R. W. Mizubuti, E. S. G. Silva, A. A.
Chapter: 76 (Page no: 699) Sustainable management based on biological control and ecological restoration of an alien invasive weed, Ageratina adenophora (Asteraceae) in China. Author(s): Zhang, F. Liu, W. X. Wan, F. H. Ellison, C. A.