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CABI Book Chapter

Tropical deltas and coastal zones: Food production, communities and environment at the land and water interface.

Book cover for Tropical deltas and coastal zones: Food production, communities and environment at the land and water interface.

Description

This book with 33 chapters divided into five parts is a compendium of selected papers from the conference that can be broadly categorized as land and water management, fisheries and aquaculture and rice-based agriculture systems. Intensification of aquaculture and rice-based agriculture frequently produces negative effects that range from environmental degradation to social conflict; managing thes...

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Chapter 26 (Page no: 350)

Learning to build resilient coastal communities: post-tsunami recovery in Sri Lanka and Indonesia.

Vulnerability to natural hazards and other environmental risks is frequently discussed at a conceptual/theoretical level but rarely investigated systematically. This study identifies the key factors, as documented in the literature and supported by substantiated primary data, that have contributed to social vulnerability associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka and Indonesia. A review of the post-tsunami literature was conducted and a total of 382 documents was selected for a detailed meta-analysis. Of these documents, only 101 contained primary data with an explanation of the methodology used to assess vulnerability, and only 40 contained substantiated vulnerability insights. In the selected literature, limited attention is paid to the process by which knowledge is generated. For instance, 'fact finding' and 'verification' missions undertaken by many organizations rarely include descriptions of the underlying processes contributing to social vulnerability. In the absence of relevant data and substantiated arguments, it is possible to obtain only a limited understanding of who is vulnerable to hazards, the reasons for their vulnerability and what measures might be most appropriate and effective in reducing vulnerability. Consequently, it is not surprising that new and unexpected vulnerabilities have emerged during the longer-term post-disaster recovery process. Some 75% of the vulnerabilities identified in the literature have emerged during the recovery process, and the delivery of aid and other external interventions have been identified in the selected literature as the drivers of vulnerability for approximately 50% (51 of 103) of the vulnerability insights documented in the literature. The lack of understanding of social vulnerability and the resulting contribution of the post-tsunami relief and recovery activities to the exacerbation of existing and the emergence of new vulnerabilities highlight an urgent need for actors to learn how to base aid delivery and livelihood interventions on a clear consideration of vulnerable groups and the underlying causes of their vulnerability. Social learning theory is used to analyse the way the 'recovery community' operates and to highlight the current challenges in building resilience. We suggest that an alternative perspective is needed for actors in post-disaster recovery, namely that of being enablers of vulnerable people's recovery, self-organization and coping.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Policy, planning and management at the land-water interface. Author(s): Szuster, B. Hoanh, C. T. Kam, S. P. Ismail, A. M. Noble, A. Borger, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Aquatic resources and environmental variability in Bac Lieu Province (southern Vietnam). Author(s): Baran, E. Chheng, P. Warry, F. Toan, V. T. Hung, H. P. Hoanh, C. T.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 33) Integrating aquaculture in coastal river planning: the case of Dagupan City, Philippines. Author(s): Andalecio, M. N. Cruz, P. S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 48) Evolution of shrimp aquaculture systems in the coastal zones of Bangladesh and Vietnam: a comparison. Author(s): Joffre, O. Prein, M. Tung, P. B. V. Saha, S. B. Hao, N. V. Alam, M. J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Ecological risk assessment of an alien aquatic species: a case study of Litopenaeus vannamei (Pacific whiteleg shrimp) aquaculture in the Bangpakong River, Thailand. Author(s): Senanan, W. Panutrakul, S. Barnette, P. Manthachitra, V. Chavanich, S. Kapuscinski, A. R. Tangkrock-Olan, N. Intacharoen, P. Viyakarn, V. Wongwiwatanawute, C. Padetpai, K.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 80) Ability of Litopenaeus vannamei to survive and compete with local marine shrimp species in the Bangpakong River, Thailand. Author(s): Panutrakul, S. Senanan, W. Chavanich, S. Tangkrock-Olan, N. Viyakarn, V.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 93) Improving the productivity of the rice-shrimp system in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh. Author(s): Alam, M. J. Islam, M. L. Saha, S. B. Tuong, T. P. Joffre, O.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 106) Zooplankton dynamics and appropriate management approach for blue swimming crab in Kung Krabaen Bay, Thailand. Author(s): Tantichaiwanit, W. Gajaseni, N. Piumsomboom, A. Kunsook, C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 117) Rebuilding resilient shrimp aquaculture in South-east Asia: disease management, coastal ecology and decision making. Author(s): Bush, S. R. Zwieten, P. A. M. van Visser, L. Dijk, H. van Bosma, R. Boer, F. de Verdegem, M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 133) Integrated management of aquatic resources: a Bayesian approach to water control and trade-offs in Southern Vietnam. Author(s): Baran, E. Jantunen, T. Chheng, P. Hoanh, C. T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 144) Soil characteristics of saline and non-saline deltas of Bangladesh. Author(s): Saleque, M. A. Uddin, M. K. Salam, M. A. Ismail, A. M. Haefele, S. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 154) Designing resilient rice varieties for coastal deltas using modern breeding tools. Author(s): Ismail, A. M. Thomson, M. J. Vergara, G. V. Rahman, M. A. Singh, R. K. Gregorio, G. B. Mackill, D. J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 166) The right rice in the right place: systematic exchange and farmer-based evaluation of rice germplasm for salt-affected areas. Author(s): Singh, R. K. RedoƱa, E. Gregorio, G. B. Salam, M. A. Islam, M. R. Singh, D. P. Sen, P. Saha, S. Mahata, K. R. Sharma, S. G. Pandey, M. P. Sajise, A. G. Mendoza, R. D. Toledo, M. C. Dante, A. Ismail, A. M. Paris, T. R. Haefele, S. M. Thomson, M. J. Zolvinski, S. Singh, Y. P. Nayak, A. K. Singh, R. B. Mishra, V. K. Sharma, D. K. Gautam, R. K. (et al)
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 183) Rice varieties and cultural management practices for high and sustained productivity in the coastal wetlands of southern Bangladesh. Author(s): Salam, M. A. Islam, M. R. Rahman, M. S. Rahman, M. A. Bhuiyan, M. A. R. Seraj, Z. I. Aditya, T. L. Uddin, M. K. Mondal, M. K. Ismail, A. M. Adorada, D. L. Mendoza, R. D. Tumimbang-Raiz, E. B. Gregorio, G. B.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 199) Boro rice for food security in coastal West Bengal, India. Author(s): Roy, S. K. B.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 209) Strategies for improving and stabilizing rice productivity in the coastal zones of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Author(s): Lang, N. T. Buu, B. C. Viet, N. V. Ismail, A. M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 223) Diversified cropping systems in a coastal province of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: from testing to outscaling. Author(s): Ni, D. V. Phat, T. D. Lu, T. Tung, P. B. V. Ben, D. C. Vu, D. H. Thai, P. H. Giang, P. H. Tuong, T. P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 239) Improving rice productivity in the coastal saline soils of the Mahanadi Delta of India through integrated nutrient management. Author(s): Mahata, K. R. Singh, D. P. Saha, S. Ismail, A. M. Haefele, S. M.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 249) Crop diversification for improving water productivity and rural livelihoods in coastal saline soils of the Mahanadi Delta, India. Author(s): Singh, D. P. Mahata, K. R. Saha, S. Ismail, A. M.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 264) Water supply and demand for dry-season rice in the coastal polders of Bangladesh. Author(s): Mondal, M. K. Tuong, T. P. Sharifullah, A. K. M. Sattar, M. A.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 279) An analysis of environmental policy strategies for coastal land conservation in Thailand. Author(s): Pongthanapanich, T.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 293) Conflicts and governance: perspectives on an eastern and western coastal wetland in India. Author(s): Narayanan, N. C.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 307) Farmers' assessment of resource management and farm-level technological interventions in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Author(s): Can, N. D. Khiem, N. T. Hossain, M. Tuong, T. P.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 320) Assessing needs, constraints and livelihood opportunities in coastal saline environments: a case in Orissa, India. Author(s): Paris, T. R. Saha, S. Singh, D. P. Mahata, K. R. Cueno, A. delos R. Zolvinski, S. Ismail, A. M.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 335) Participatory management of coastal resources: a case study of Baganchra-Badurgacha subproject in the South-west of Bangladesh. Author(s): Islam, M. N. Rinfret, J. R. Islam, Q. R.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 367) Social vulnerability to coastal hazards in South-east Asia: a synthesis of research insights. Author(s): Zou, L. Thomalla, F.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 384) An extended hydrological classification for mangrove rehabilitation projects: a case study in Vietnam. Author(s): Dijksma, R. Loon, A. F. van Mensvoort, M. E. F. van Huijgevoort, M. H. J. van Brake, B. te
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 398) Coastal transects analysis of Chao Phraya Delta, Thailand. Author(s): Chuenpagdee, R. Traesupap, S. Juntarashote, K.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 409) Mangrove system sustainability: public incentives and local strategies in West Africa. Author(s): Cormier-Salem, M. C. Bernatets, C. Sarr, O.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 422) Assessing the impact of small-scale coastal embankments: a case study of an LGED polder in Bangladesh. Author(s): Chowdhury, A. K. M. Jenkins, S. A. M. Hossain, M.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 436) Dynamics of livelihoods and resource use strategies in different ecosystems of the coastal zones of Bac Lieu Province, Vietnam. Author(s): Khiem, N. T. Hossain, M.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 448) Utilization of aquatic resources along the North Brazilian coast with special reference to mangroves as fish nurseries. Author(s): Saint-Paul, U. Barletta, M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2010
  • ISBN
  • 9781845936181
  • Record Number
  • 20103227437