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African smallholders. Food crops, markets and policy.

Book cover for African smallholders. Food crops, markets and policy.

Description

This book investigates how the changed agricultural policy climate affected government policies in the nine countries studied already as part of the preceding project: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. By repeating the cross-sectional survey made in over 100 villages in 2002 and converting it into a panel, it is possible to trace village- and househo...

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Chapter 14 (Page no: 354)

Conclusions: what direction for the future of African agriculture?

This chapter draws overall conclusions from the current study as well as the preceding one and to point out directions for future research as well as policy. It is argued that the African Green Revolution might differ from the Asian one: it would involve other crops, be less focused on rice and wheat and be adapted to other water and climate regimes. More fundamentally, the African Green Revolution might not show the three characteristics observed in Asia, i.e. state-driven, market-mediated and smallholder-based, which were the focus in the earlier Afrint study. Attempts to replicate the Asian Green Revolution in contemporary sub-Saharan Africa may come to look as tragic farces. Examples of these failures are already seen in Nigeria and in the first attempts in Ethiopia in the early years of the new millennium to replicate the Asian Green Revolution. It is argued that crop technologies patented by the private sector will have to play quite a different role from what they did in Asia from the late 1960's onwards. Efforts to create partnerships with the multinational private sector will be critical and such organizations as the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa and others may provide some clear examples of how to stimulate public-private partnerships in promoting a smallholder-based Green Revolution in sub-Saharan Africa. A redefined division of labour and responsibility between the public and the private sector might thus come to characterize the African Green Revolution when it comes of age and gains pace. The coming decade will show if such a recast of classical Green Revolution strategies will be potent enough to take the edge off the African food crisis. If so, capital may come to play another role in pro-poor agricultural growth than Marx had envisaged.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Djurfeldt, G. Aryeetey, E. Isinika, A. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 23) African agriculture: from crisis to development? Author(s): Holmén, H. Hydén, G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 45) The millennium goals, the state and macro-level performance - an overview. Author(s): Holmén, H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 74) Smallholders caught in poverty - flickering signs of agricultural dynamism. Author(s): Jirström, M. Andersson, A. Djurfeldt, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 107) A new era for sub-Saharan African agriculture? Changing drivers of maize production. Author(s): Andersson, A. Djurfeldt, G. Holmquist, B. Jirström, M. Nasrin, S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 138) Maize remittances, market participation and consumption among smallholders in Africa. Author(s): Andersson, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 156) Meeting the financial needs of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia. Author(s): Wolday Amha
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 189) Agricultural diversification, food self-sufficiency and food security in Ghana - the role of infrastructure and institutions. Author(s): Dzanku, F. M. Sarpong, D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 214) Conditions for achieving sustained agricultural intensification in Africa: evidence from Kenya. Author(s): Wambugu, S. K. Karugia, J. T. Oluoch-Kosura, W.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 237) The fertilizer support programme and the millennium development challenge in Zambia: is government a problem solution? Author(s): Haantuba, H. Wamulume, M. Bwalya, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 257) Has the Nigerian green revolution veered off track? Author(s): Akande, T. Andersson, A. Djurfeldt, G. Ogundele, F.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 281) Addressing food self-sufficiency in Tanzania: a balancing act of policy coordination. Author(s): Isinika, A. C. Msuya, E. E.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 316) Focusing on the majority - rethinking agricultural development in Mozambique. Author(s): Coughlin, P. E.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • The Brookings Institution, Washington, Dist. of Columbia, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2011
  • ISBN
  • 9781845937164
  • Record Number
  • 20113005518