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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Alternative systems for poultry: health, welfare and productivity.

Book cover for Alternative systems for poultry: health, welfare and productivity.


The proceedings is divided into seven parts with seventeen chapters. Part 1 discusses the alternative systems for poultry, impact of legislation and assurance schemes on alternative systems for poultry welfare and the politics and economics; while Part 2 deals with the effects of alternative systems on disease and health of poultry, production systems for laying hens and broilers and risk of human...


Chapter 3 (Page no: 53)

Politics and economics.

Choice of production systems for poultry is complex given the different attitudes and needs of different stakeholders, including producers, retailers, consumers and governments, with welfare and environmental considerations playing an important role. Political and legal decisions both affect and are affected by the attitudes of people to poultry and their management. Increasingly, legislation in European countries originates from the European Union, notably the 1999 Directive on laying hens and the 2007 Directive on broilers. Legislation and other decisions are strongly influenced by the activities of stakeholder groups, including trade associations, scientific societies and animal welfare organizations. These groups also influence the economic context of poultry production. In egg production, costs are generally higher in systems perceived to have higher welfare, but the demand for eggs is inelastic and sales of eggs from systems such as free range have led the way for welfare improvements in all livestock production. High-welfare poultry meat production has also expanded in recent years, helped by overlap with other criteria such as organic standards, but sales are less reliable than for eggs. Free trade outside Europe threatens welfare-friendly production within Europe, but voluntary agreements and emphasis on local origin may combat such free market pressures. The way in which decisions are made about poultry production systems will alter over the next few years as legislation changes and other stakeholder forums increase their impact.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) What are alternative systems for poultry? Author(s): Fröhlich, E. K. F. Niebuhr, K. Schrader, L. Oester, H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 23) The impact of legislation and assurance schemes on alternative systems for poultry welfare. Author(s): Pritchard, D. G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 62) The effects of alternative systems on disease and health of poultry. Author(s): Lister, S. Nijhuis, B. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 77) Production systems for laying hens and broilers and risk of human pathogens. Author(s): Hoorebeke, S. van Dewulf, J. Immerseel, F. van Jorgensen, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 97) Introduction to village and backyard poultry production. Author(s): Pym, R. A. E. Alders, R. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 110) Technology and programmes for sustainable improvement of village poultry production. Author(s): Besbes, B. Thieme, O. Rota, A. Guèye, E. F. Alders, R. G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 128) Production systems for waterfowl. Author(s): Guémené, D. Shi, Z. D. Guy, G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 155) Game bird breeding, brooding and rearing - health and welfare. Author(s): Pennycott, T. Deeming, C. McMillan, M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 169) Housing and management of layer breeders in rearing and production. Author(s): Thiele, H. H.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 190) Furnished cages for laying hens. Author(s): Elson, H. A. Tauson, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 210) Performance, welfare, health and hygiene of laying hens in non-cage systems in comparison with cage systems. Author(s): Rodenburg, T. B. Reu, K. de Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 225) Housing and management of broiler breeders and turkey breeders. Author(s): Jong, I. C. de Swalander, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 250) Alternative systems for meat chickens and turkeys: production, health and welfare. Author(s): Jones, T. A. Berk, J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 297) Nutritional challenges of alternative production systems. Author(s): MacLeod, M. G. Bentley, J. S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 316) Genotype-environment interaction: breeding layers with different requirements for varying housing systems. Author(s): Icken, W. Schmutz, M. Preisinger, R.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 340) Is there a future for alternative production systems? Author(s): Sandilands, V. Hocking, P. M.