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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment: safety assessment and regulation.

Book cover for Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment: safety assessment and regulation.


As the main impetus for regulating microorganisms is to reach an acceptable level of safety with respect to human health and environment, the main aim of the book is instead to critically examine the safety principles that have governed the development of regulations in representative countries, and to what extent these correctly mirror actual hazards and risks. After an introductory chapter by th...


Chapter 2 (Page no: 12)

Safety and regulation of microorganisms added to the food and feed chains, including probiotics - introduction and overview.

This book chapter shows how the way of regulating beneficial microorganisms for use in foods and feeds has developed to where it is today. A history from slop to pure cultures is presented, and constraints of the law on beneficial microorganisms are examined. The chapter focuses on food cultures, feed probiotics and silage in the European Union (EU), while developments in the USA and in Singapore are also presented.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Microbes and the law - safety assessment and regulation of beneficial microorganisms. Author(s): Sundh, I. Wilcks, A. Goettel, M. S.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 27) Microbes for human and animal consumption. Author(s): Wright, A. von
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 41) Antibiotic resistance in relation to starter cultures and probiotics. Author(s): Wilcks, A. Hoek, A. H. A. M. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 57) Biopreservation of food and feed by postharvest biocontrol with microorganisms. Author(s): Wisniewski, M. Droby, S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 67) Safety and regulation of microbial pest control agents and microbial plant growth promoters - introduction and overview. Author(s): Hauschild, R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 72) Microbial control of invertebrate pests. Author(s): Jaronski, S. T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 96) Microbial control of plant diseases. Author(s): Alabouvette, C. Heilig, U. Cordier, C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 112) Safety and regulation of microbial control of weeds. Author(s): Evans, H. C. Seier, M. K.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 138) Plant growth promotion with microorganisms. Author(s): Howieson, J. G. Fox, S. L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 153) Regulation of microorganisms used for bioremediation, biorefinery and other bioindustrial applications in the USA and Canada. Author(s): Louter, J. Sedivy, J. J. Segal, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 167) Determining the safety of microorganisms - introduction and overview. Author(s): Bergmans, H. E. N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 180) Virulence genes in risk assessment of beneficial microorganisms: what do genome sequences tell us? Author(s): Wassenaar, T. M. Alter, T.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 197) Occupational safety of microbial agents. Author(s): Madsen, A. M. Tendal, K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 217) Model systems for testing microbial pathogenicity, virulence and toxicity - introduction and overview. Author(s): Wilcks, A. Goettel, M. S. Sundh, I.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 223) Nematode and insect models to assay microbial infectivity, virulence and cytotoxicity. Author(s): Kurz, C. L. Leulier, F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 240) Assessing potential cytotoxicity of biocontrol microorganisms using invertebrate assays. Author(s): Altomare, C. Pernfuss, B. Strasser, H.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 256) Assessing genotoxic effects of microbial products. Author(s): Typas, M. A. Kouvelis, V. N.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Assessing the sensitization and irritant properties of microorganisms. Author(s): Loprieno, G.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 293) International conventions and agreements - consequences for international trade and utilization of biological matter, including microorganisms. Author(s): Thornström, C. G.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 309) OECD guidelines and harmonization for microbial control agents. Author(s): Meeussen, J. J.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 322) Understanding public risk perception for the use of beneficial microorganisms. Author(s): Warner, K. D.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Environment and Toxicology, DHI, Agern Allé 5, DK-2970 Hørsholm, Denmark.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2012
  • ISBN
  • 9781845938109
  • Record Number
  • 20123382897