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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment: safety assessment and regulation.

Book cover for Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment: safety assessment and regulation.


As the main impetus for regulating microorganisms is to reach an acceptable level of safety with respect to human health and environment, the main aim of the book is instead to critically examine the safety principles that have governed the development of regulations in representative countries, and to what extent these correctly mirror actual hazards and risks. After an introductory chapter by th...


Chapter 3 (Page no: 27)

Microbes for human and animal consumption.

This book chapter reviews the legislative status and potential safety concerns of microorganisms intentionally added into food or feed in the European Union (EU). However, when relevant, the situation is compared with that of the USA to illustrate the different approaches in these two large single market areas. Short descriptions of the regulatory frameworks in Canada, Asia and South America are also included. Some terms and definitions relevant to EU legislation on the safety of food and feed cultures are described. The chapter also discusses questions on the role of starter cultures either as additives, processing aids or food ingredients. Food microorganisms specifically regulated in the EU are presented, and EU legislations on microorganisms used as feed additives are also examined.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Microbes and the law - safety assessment and regulation of beneficial microorganisms. Author(s): Sundh, I. Wilcks, A. Goettel, M. S.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Safety and regulation of microorganisms added to the food and feed chains, including probiotics - introduction and overview. Author(s): Wessels, S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 41) Antibiotic resistance in relation to starter cultures and probiotics. Author(s): Wilcks, A. Hoek, A. H. A. M. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 57) Biopreservation of food and feed by postharvest biocontrol with microorganisms. Author(s): Wisniewski, M. Droby, S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 67) Safety and regulation of microbial pest control agents and microbial plant growth promoters - introduction and overview. Author(s): Hauschild, R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 72) Microbial control of invertebrate pests. Author(s): Jaronski, S. T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 96) Microbial control of plant diseases. Author(s): Alabouvette, C. Heilig, U. Cordier, C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 112) Safety and regulation of microbial control of weeds. Author(s): Evans, H. C. Seier, M. K.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 138) Plant growth promotion with microorganisms. Author(s): Howieson, J. G. Fox, S. L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 153) Regulation of microorganisms used for bioremediation, biorefinery and other bioindustrial applications in the USA and Canada. Author(s): Louter, J. Sedivy, J. J. Segal, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 167) Determining the safety of microorganisms - introduction and overview. Author(s): Bergmans, H. E. N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 180) Virulence genes in risk assessment of beneficial microorganisms: what do genome sequences tell us? Author(s): Wassenaar, T. M. Alter, T.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 197) Occupational safety of microbial agents. Author(s): Madsen, A. M. Tendal, K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 217) Model systems for testing microbial pathogenicity, virulence and toxicity - introduction and overview. Author(s): Wilcks, A. Goettel, M. S. Sundh, I.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 223) Nematode and insect models to assay microbial infectivity, virulence and cytotoxicity. Author(s): Kurz, C. L. Leulier, F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 240) Assessing potential cytotoxicity of biocontrol microorganisms using invertebrate assays. Author(s): Altomare, C. Pernfuss, B. Strasser, H.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 256) Assessing genotoxic effects of microbial products. Author(s): Typas, M. A. Kouvelis, V. N.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Assessing the sensitization and irritant properties of microorganisms. Author(s): Loprieno, G.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 293) International conventions and agreements - consequences for international trade and utilization of biological matter, including microorganisms. Author(s): Thornström, C. G.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 309) OECD guidelines and harmonization for microbial control agents. Author(s): Meeussen, J. J.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 322) Understanding public risk perception for the use of beneficial microorganisms. Author(s): Warner, K. D.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2012
  • ISBN
  • 9781845938109
  • Record Number
  • 20123382898