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CABI Book Chapter

Potential invasive pests of agricultural crops.

Book cover for Potential invasive pests of agricultural crops.

Description

This book highlights studies on potential invasive pests, focusing on pests from South America, Central America and the islands of the Caribbean basin. These include the Coleopterans, followed by the Lepidopterans. The importance of several dipterans is also treated. Tephritid fruit flies are addressed, as well as a novel method for improved detection of Anastrepha larval infestation in citrus fru...

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Chapter 22 (Page no: 401)

Likelihood of dispersal of the armored scale, Aonidiella orientalis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), to avocado trees from infested fruit discarded on the ground, and observations on spread by handlers.

Results are presented of experiments conducted in Homestead, Florida, USA, from 2007 to 2009 to investigate the likelihood of infestation of orchard avocado trees by crawlers of oriental red scale, Aonidiella orientalis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), originating from artificially infested fruit discarded into an orchard. In a favourable climate, the percentage of crawlers settling on a tree from very heavily infested fruit discarded when crawlers were emerging, from fruit with a long shelf life, and from fruit discarded near a tree, was low. Infestation was higher when fruit was in contact with the tree than when it was placed 2 m away. It is concluded that establishment via the pathway of commercially produced fruit for consumption is low, because such fruit has not been observed to be as heavily infested, and is not as likely to be discarded in an orchard as was the study fruit. A second part of the study investigated if fruit handlers could become infested with crawlers and be a pathway for establishment. Fruit handlers did receive a low percentage of crawlers on their clothes when they engaged in brushing crawlers from heavily (>5000 crawlers per fruit) infested fruit in the laboratory. Importantly, the pathway from the handlers' clothes to trees in an orchard has not been demonstrated. Good sanitation and safeguarding practices in the packing houses and the orchards can further ensure the prevention of armored scale introduction via the commodity intended for human consumption.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biology and management of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus. Author(s): Giblin-Davis, R. M. Faleiro, J. R. Jacas, J. A. Peña, J. E. Vidyasagar, P. S. P. V.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 35) Avocado weevils of the genus Heilipus. Author(s): Castañeda-Vildózola, A. Equihua-Martinez, A. Peña, J. E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 48) Exotic bark and ambrosia beetles in the USA: potential and current invaders. Author(s): Haack, R. A. Rabaglia, R. J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 75) Diabrotica speciosa: an important soil pest in South America. Author(s): Ávila, C. J. Santana, A. G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 86) Potential lepidopteran pests associated with avocado fruit in parts of the home range of Persea americana. Author(s): Hoddle, M. S. Parra, J. R. P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 98) Biology, ecology and management of the South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta. Author(s): Urbaneja, A. Desneux, N. Gabarra, R. Arnó, J. González-Cabrera, J. Mafra Neto, A. Stoltman, L. Pinto, A. de S. Parra, J. R. P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 126) Tecia solanivora Povolny (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), an invasive pest of potatoes Solanum tuberosum L. in the Northern Andes. Author(s): Carrillo, D. Torrado-Leon, E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 137) The tomato fruit borer, Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), an insect pest of neotropical Solanaceous fruits. Author(s): Montilla, A. E. D. Solis, M. A. Kondo, T.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 160) Copitarsia spp.: biology and risk posed by potentially invasive lepidoptera from south and central America. Author(s): Gould, J. Simmons, R. Venette, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 183) Host range of the nettle caterpillar Darna pallivitta (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) in Hawai'i. Author(s): Hara, A. H. Kishimoto, C. M. Niino-DuPonte, R. Y.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 192) Fruit flies Anastrepha ludens (Loew), A. obliqua (Macquart) and A. grandis (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae): three pestiferous tropical fruit flies that could potentially expand their range to temperate areas. Author(s): Birke, A. Guillén, L. Midgarden, D. Aluja, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 214) Bactrocera species that pose a threat to Florida: B. carambolae and B. invadens. Author(s): Malavasi, A. Midgarden, D. Meyer, M. de
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 228) Signature chemicals for detection of Citrus infestation by fruit fly larvae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Author(s): Kendra, P. E. Roda, A. L. Montgomery, W. S. Schnell, E. Q. Niogret, J. Epsky, N. D. Heath, R. R.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 240) Gall midges (Cecidomyiidae) attacking horticultural crops in the Caribbean region and South America. Author(s): Goldsmith, J. Castillo, J. Clarke-Harris, D.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Recent mite invasions in South America. Author(s): Navia, D. Marsaro Júnior, A. L. Gondim Júnior, M. G. C. Mendonça, R. S. de Pereira, P. R. V. da S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 288) Planococcus minor (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae): bioecology, survey and mitigation strategies. Author(s): Roda, A. Francis, A. Kairo, M. T. K. Culik, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 301) The citrus orthezia, Praelongorthezia praelonga (Douglas) (Hemiptera: Ortheziidae), a potential invasive species. Author(s): Kondo, T. Peronti, A. L. Kozár, F. Szita, É.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 320) Potential invasive species of scale insects for the USA and Caribbean Basin. Author(s): Evans, G. A. Dooley, J. W.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 342) Recent adventive scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) and whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Florida and the Caribbean region. Author(s): Stocks, I.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 363) Biology, ecology and control of the Ficus whitefly, Singhiella simplex (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Author(s): Legaspi, J. C. Mannion, C. Amalin, D. Legaspi, B. C., Jr.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 373) Invasion of exotic arthropods in South America's biodiversity hotspots and agro-production systems. Author(s): Wyckhuys, K. A. G. Kondo, T. Herrera, B. V. Miller, D. R. Naranjo, N. Hyman, G.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 412) Insect Life Cycle Modelling (ILCYM) software - a new tool for regional and global insect pest risk assessments under current and future climate change scenarios. Author(s): Sporleder, M. Tonnang, H. E. Z. Carhuapoma, P. Gonzales, J. C. Juarez, H. Kroschel, J.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • USDA-APHIS-PPQ, 1730 Varsity Dr., Suite 300, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2013
  • ISBN
  • 9781845938291
  • Record Number
  • 20133231107