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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Banana systems in the humid highlands of sub-Saharan Africa: enhancing resilience and productivity.

Book cover for Banana systems in the humid highlands of sub-Saharan Africa: enhancing resilience and productivity.


This book addresses issues related to intensification of banana-based cropping systems in the (sub)humid highland areas of Africa. The information that is presented in the 28 chapters of the book is based on research carried out in the Great Lakes Region by CIALCA (Consortium for Improving Agriculture-based Livelihoods in Central Africa) and partners, and is arranged in six sections: banana germpl...


Chapter 27 (Page no: 224)

Communication approaches for sustainable management of banana Xanthomonas wilt in East and Central Africa.

The East and Central African region has been devastated by a banana Xanthomonas wilt epidemic caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum. Xanthomonas wilt is widespread in Uganda, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), Rwanda, Kenya and Tanzania, and has been confirmed as present in Burundi since late 2010. The disease causes yield losses of up to 80-100%, especially in ABB banana-based production systems in central Uganda and eastern DR Congo. Currently available information indicates that all cultivars in the region succumb to the disease and this, combined with the speed at which the epidemic spreads to new areas, threatens at least 30 million people who depend on the banana crop for their livelihoods. Recommended control measures for the disease include the destruction and disposal of infected plants/mats, disinfecting tools used in the plantation, using clean planting materials, early removal of male buds and quarantine measures. Raising awareness of all stakeholders along the production-to-consumption chain, by empowering them with the knowledge and skills for diagnosis and management of the disease, is seen as an integral component of the intervention strategy to control the epidemic and restore banana productivity. Several communication tools have been used to disseminate information for the management of Xanthomonas wilt. These include conventional tools (radio campaigns, videos, training by institutions, billboards, posters, brochures, newspapers and television) and participatory development communication approaches. While these approaches can contribute to raising awareness among stakeholders, and hence slow down the disease, no single approach can provide a lasting solution. This paper discusses the different communication approaches currently being used in the region to control the disease; and how integration of approaches may be the most effective and sustainable option for the management of Xanthomonas wilt in East and Central Africa.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Plantain collection and morphological characterization in Democratic Republic of Congo: past and present activities and prospects. Author(s): Adheka, J. G. Dhed'a, D. B. Sivirihauma, C. Karamura, D. Langhe, E. de Swennen, R. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Musa germplasm diversity status across a wide range of agro-ecological zones in Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern Democratic republic of Congo. Author(s): Ocimati, W. Karamura, D. Rutikanga, A. Sivirihauma, C. Ndungo, V. Adheka, J. Dhed'a, D. B. Muhindo, H. Ntamwira, J. Hakizimana, S. Ngezahayo, F. Ragama, P. Lepoint, P. Kanyaruguru, J. P. Langhe, E. de Gaidashova, S. V. Nsabimana, A. Murekezi, C. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 22) Banana genotype composition along the Uganda-Democratic Republic of Congo border: a gene pool mix for plantain and highland bananas. Author(s): Karamura, D. Ocimati, W. Ssali, R. Jogo, W. Walyawula, S. Karamura, E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 30) Analysis of farmer-preferred traits as a basis for participatory improvement of East African highland bananas in Uganda. Author(s): Barekye, A. Tongoona, P. Derera, J. Laing, M. D. Tushemereirwe, W. K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 37) Agronomic evaluation of common and improved dessert banana cultivars at different altitudes across Burundi. Author(s): Kamira, M. Crichton, R. J. Kanyaruguru, J. P. Asten, P. J. A. van Blomme, G. Lorenzen, J. Njukwe, E. Bergh, I. van den Ouma, E. Muchunguzi, P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 48) Growth and yield of plantain cultivars at four sites of differing altitude in North Kivu, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Sikyolo, I. Sivirihauma, C. Ndungo, V. Langhe, E. de Ocimati, W. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 58) Macropropagation of Musa spp. in Burundi: a preliminary study. Author(s): Lepoint, P. Iradukunda, F. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 66) Challenges and opportunities for macropropagation technology for Musa spp. among smallholder farmers and small- and medium-scale enterprises. Author(s): Njukwe, E. Ouma, E. Asten, P. J. A. van Muchunguzi, P. Amah, D.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 72) Impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth of banana genotypes in three different, pasteurized and non-pasteurized soils of Rwanda. Author(s): Gaidashova, S. V. Nsabimana, A. Asten, P. J. A. van Delvaux, B. Elsen, A. Declerck, S.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 83) Indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and growth of tissue-cultured banana plantlets under nursery and field conditions in Rwanda. Author(s): Jefwa, J. M. Rurangwa, E. Gaidashova, S. V. Kavoo, A. M. Mwashasha, M. Robinson, J. Blomme, G. Vanlauwe, B.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 93) Development of ELISA for the detection of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum, the causal agent of BXW: banana Xanthomonas wilt. Author(s): Nakato, G. V. Akinbade, S. A. Kumar, P. L. Bandyopadhyay, R. Beed, F.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 101) Systemicity and speed of movement of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum in the banana plant after garden tool-mediated infection. Author(s): Ocimati, W. Ssekiwoko, F. Buttibwa, M. Karamura, E. Tinzaara, W. Eden-Green, S. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 109) Use of DNA capture kits to collect Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum and banana bunchy top virus pathogen DNA for molecular diagnostics. Author(s): Ramathani, I. Beed, F.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 116) Banana Xanthomonas wilt management: effectiveness of selective mat uprooting coupled with control options for preventing disease transmission. Case study in Rwanda and eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Rutikanga, A. Sivirihauma, C. Murekezi, C. Anuarite, U. Ndungo, V. Ocimati, W. Ntamwira, J. Lepoint, P. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 125) Effect of length of fallow period after total uprooting of a Xanthomonas wilt-infected banana field on infection of newly established planting materials: case studies from Rwanda and eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Sivirihauma, C. Rutikanga, A. Murekezi, C. Blomme, G. Anuarite, U. Ocimati, W. Lepoint, P. Ndungo, V.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 131) Distribution, incidence and farmer knowledge of banana Xanthomonas wilt in Rwanda. Author(s): Night, G. Gaidashova, S. V. Nyirigira, A. Mugiraneza, T. Rutikanga, A. Murekezi, C. Nduwayezu, A. Rurangwa, E. Mugiraneza, T. Mukase, F. Ndayitegeye, O. Tinzaara, W. Karamura, E. Jogo, W. Rwomushana, I. Opio, F. Gahakwa, D.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 138) Xanthomonas wilt incidence in banana plots planted with asymptomatic suckers from a diseased field compared with plots using suckers from a disease-free zone in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Sivirihauma, C. Ndungo, N. Ocimati, W. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 144) Coffee/banana intercropping as an opportunity for smallholder coffee farmers in Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. Author(s): Jassogne, L. Nibasumba, A. Wairegi, L. Baret, P. V. Deraeck, J. Mukasa, D. Wanyama, I. Bongers, G. Asten, P. J. A. van
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 150) The use of trees and shrubs to improve banana productivity and production in central Uganda: an analysis of the current situation. Author(s): Mpiira, S. Staver, C. Kagezi, G. H. Wesiga, J. Nakyeyune, C. Ssebulime, G. Kabirizi, J. Nowakunda, K. Karamura, E. Tushemereirwe, W. K.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 158) Effect of banana leaf pruning on legume yield in banana-legume intercropping systems in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Ntamwira, J. Pypers, P. Asten, P. J. A. van Vanlauwe, B. Ruhigwa, B. Lepoint, P. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 166) A comparative and systems approach to banana cropping systems in the Great Lakes region. Author(s): Damme, J. van Bouver, D. de Dupriez, M. Asten, P. J. A. van Baret, P. V.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 175) Agronomic practices for Musa across different agro-ecological zones in Burundi, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. Author(s): Ocimati, W. Karamura, D. Rutikanga, A. Sivirihauma, C. Ndungo, V. Ntamwira, J. Kamira, M. Kanyaruguru, J. P. Blomme, G.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 191) The beer banana value chain in central Uganda. Author(s): Rietveld, A. M. Mpiira, S. Jogo, W. Staver, C. Karamura, E. B.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 202) Contribution of bananas and plantains to the diet and nutrition of Musa-dependent households with preschoolers in Beni and Bukavu territories, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Author(s): Ekesa, B. N. Kimiywe, J. Davey, M. Dhuique-Mayer, C. Bergh, I. van den Blomme, G.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 210) Processes and partnerships for effective regional surveillance of banana diseases. Author(s): Beed, F. Kubiriba, J. Mugalula, A. Kolowa, H. Bulili, S. Nduwayezu, A. Murekezi, C. Sakayoya, E. Ndayihanzamaso, P. Mulenga, R. Abass, M. Mathe, L. Masheka, B. Onyango, M. Shitabule, E. Nakato, V. Ramathani, I. Bouwmeester, H.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 216) Adoption and impact of tissue culture bananas in Burundi: an application of a propensity score matching approach. Author(s): Ouma, E. Dubois, T. Kabunga, N. Nkurunziza, S. Qaim, M. Asten, P. J. A. van
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 235) A global information and knowledge sharing approach to facilitate the wider use of Musa genetic resources. Author(s): Roux, N. Ruas, M. Laliberté, B.