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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Improving diets and nutrition: food-based approaches.

Book cover for Improving diets and nutrition: food-based approaches.


This book is composed of 35 papers presented at the 2010 International Symposium on Food and Nutrition Security, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The symposium aimed to document evidence that demonstrates the impact, effectiveness and sustainability of food-based approaches for improving diets and raising levels of nutrition, in order to achieve food ...


Chapter 4 (Page no: 32)

Food-based approaches for combating malnutrition - lessons lost?

This chapter describes programmes that focused on dietary quality in Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Bangladesh, a crucial but neglected part of food and nutrition security. These programmes utilized various approaches and were all in some way successful though, as usual, valuable lessons often come from dealing with unexpected difficulties that frequently arise, especially in such large-scale programmes as most of these were. Although some of these programmes are no longer in operation, the lessons they taught are still valuable and are reported here because they are generally not among the better known projects that have been repeatedly reported at international meetings. The chapter also reports on research illuminating why foodbased approaches commonly do not seem to work well to improve human nutrient status and what can be done to improve such projects. Carotenes, by far the main source of vitamin A in low-income diets, tend to be poorly absorbed, but adding small amounts of fat and doing routine deworming will correct much of this problem; both of these options are very low in cost and convey additional benefits. Similarly, consuming vitamin C-rich foods at or close to meal times is a feasible way to improve iron absorption from plant foods. Early studies have shown little impact of this approach, but a recent trial using a fruit like guava with a higher vitamin C content has shown potential. One hopes that further research in real-life settings will further elucidate how such findings can best be incorporated into future food-based programming.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Perspective on nutritional problems in developing countries: nutrition security through community agriculture. Author(s): Latham, M. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Food systems and human nutrition: relationships and policy interventions. Author(s): Pinstrup-Andersen, P.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 19) Enhancing the performance of food-based strategies to improve micronutrient status and associated health outcomes in young children from poor-resource households in low-income countries: challenges and solutions. Author(s): Gibson, R. S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 45) Critical issues to consider in the selection of crops in a food-based approach to improve vitamin A status - based on a South African experience. Author(s): Faber, M. Laurie, S. M. Jaarsveld, P. J. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 58) Contribution of homestead food production to improved household food security and nutrition status - lessons learned from Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal and the Philippines. Author(s): Talukder, A. Osei, A. K. Haselow, N. J. Kroeun, H. Amin Uddin Quinn, V.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 74) The underestimated impact of food-based interventions. Author(s): Darnton-Hill, I.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 89) The current nutritional status in China. Author(s): Chen ChunMing
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 101) Integrating nutrition into agricultural and rural development policies: the Brazilian experience of building an innovative food and nutrition security approach. Author(s): Burlandy, L. Rocha, C. Maluf, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 113) The Gender Informed Nutrition and Agriculture (GINA) alliance and the Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (NCRSP). Author(s): Lewis, C. J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 124) Guyana's Hinterland Community-based School Feeding Program (SFP). Author(s): Ismail, S. J. Jarvis, E. A. Borja-Vega, C.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 137) The impact of school food standards on children's eating habits in England. Author(s): Nelson, M. Nicholas, J. Haroun, D. Harper, C. Wood, L. Storey, C. Pearce, J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 157) Animal source foods as a food-based approach to improve diet and nutrition outcomes. Author(s): Neumann, C. G. Bwibo, N. O. Gewa, C. A. Drorbaugh, N.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 173) Adapting food-based strategies to improve the nutrition of the landless: a review of HKI's homestead food production program in Bangladesh. Author(s): Hillenbrand, E. P. Waid, J. L.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 194) The growing connection project - with a Mexico case study. Author(s): Patterson, B. Álvarez Oyarzábal, M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 202) Biofortification: a new tool to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Author(s): Bouis, H. E. Hotz, C. McClafferty, B. Meenakshi, J. V. Pfeiffer, W. H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 216) Medium-scale fortification: a sustainable food-based approach to improve diets and raise nutrition levels. Author(s): Yiannakis, M. E. Girard, A. W. MacDonald, A. C.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 230) Optimized feeding recommendations and in-home fortification to improve iron status in infants and young children in the Republic of Tajikistan: a pilot project. Author(s): Adrianopoli, M. D'Acapito, P. Ferrari, M. Mistura, L. Toti, E. Maiani, G. Truebswasser, U. Boymatova, K. Severoni, S.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 246) Towards long-term nutrition security: the role of agriculture in dietary diversity. Author(s): Thompson, B. Meerman, J.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 268) Building nutritional self-reliance. Author(s): Kent, G.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 284) Measurement of dietary diversity for monitoring the impact of food-based approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 291) Nutrition education and food security interventions to improve complementary feeding in Cambodia. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 300) Activities of the Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) of FAO to improve food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 305) The role of the Plant Production and Protection Division (AGP) of FAO in supporting crop diversification for sustainable diets and nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 311) Impact of the work of the Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division (AGS) of FAO on improving food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 320) Work of the Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA) of FAO on nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 325) Towards an improved framework for measuring undernourishment. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 328) Gender dimensions of food and nutrition security: women's roles in ensuring the success of foodbased approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 335) Food-based approaches for improving diets and raising levels of nutrition: the fish story. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 343) Forestry in improving food security and nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 351) Legal and institutional aspects of food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 356) Food and agriculture-based approaches to safeguarding nutrition before, during and after emergencies: the experience of FAO. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 362) Lessons from support given to the implementation of food security programmes in over 100 countries: the feasibility of integrated food and nutrition security (F&NS) approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 371) Using information networks to promote improved nutrition and rural development: FAO's experience of promoting school milk programmes. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 374) FAO support to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) process. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 381) Selected findings and recommendations from the symposium. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.