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CABI Book Chapter

Improving diets and nutrition: food-based approaches.

Book cover for Improving diets and nutrition: food-based approaches.

Description

This book is composed of 35 papers presented at the 2010 International Symposium on Food and Nutrition Security, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The symposium aimed to document evidence that demonstrates the impact, effectiveness and sustainability of food-based approaches for improving diets and raising levels of nutrition, in order to achieve food ...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 58)

Contribution of homestead food production to improved household food security and nutrition status - lessons learned from Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal and the Philippines.

Malnutrition is a serious public health problem in Asia. Since 2003, Helen Keller International (HKI) has been implementing homestead food production (HFP) programmes to increase and ensure year-round availability and intake of micronutrient-rich foods in the poor households of Asia. The aim of this chapter is to review the impact of HFP programmes and identify lessons learned for adaptation, replication and potential scale up. Impact evaluation data were reviewed that had been collected from a representative sample (10-20% of ∼30,000 households) in HFP programme villages, and from similar numbers of comparison non-HFP programme villages, in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal and the Philippines. The information assessed included household garden practices, dietary intake, income and prevalence of anaemia and night blindness among children (6-59 months) and non-pregnant women. A review of the implementation process was also undertaken. The HFP programme improved household garden practices, food production and consumption, and dietary diversity. The number of crop varieties consumed was significantly increased from a range of 2-3 to 8-9 between baseline and end line among programme households. The change in proportion of households consuming eggs and/or liver was higher among programme (24-46%) than comparison (12-18%) households. The median income earned from selling surplus HFP produce in the month before the assessment increased from US$1 to US$7 in all programmes. Anaemia prevalence was lower among children in the programme households at end line compared with baseline, although the decrease was only significant in Bangladesh (from 63.9% to 45.2%), and the Philippines (from 42.9% to 16.6%). Overall, the HFP programme improved household garden practices, food consumption, dietary diversity and income, as well as reducing anaemia among preschoolchildren.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Perspective on nutritional problems in developing countries: nutrition security through community agriculture. Author(s): Latham, M. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Food systems and human nutrition: relationships and policy interventions. Author(s): Pinstrup-Andersen, P.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 19) Enhancing the performance of food-based strategies to improve micronutrient status and associated health outcomes in young children from poor-resource households in low-income countries: challenges and solutions. Author(s): Gibson, R. S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 32) Food-based approaches for combating malnutrition - lessons lost? Author(s): Greiner, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 45) Critical issues to consider in the selection of crops in a food-based approach to improve vitamin A status - based on a South African experience. Author(s): Faber, M. Laurie, S. M. Jaarsveld, P. J. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 74) The underestimated impact of food-based interventions. Author(s): Darnton-Hill, I.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 89) The current nutritional status in China. Author(s): Chen ChunMing
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 101) Integrating nutrition into agricultural and rural development policies: the Brazilian experience of building an innovative food and nutrition security approach. Author(s): Burlandy, L. Rocha, C. Maluf, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 113) The Gender Informed Nutrition and Agriculture (GINA) alliance and the Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (NCRSP). Author(s): Lewis, C. J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 124) Guyana's Hinterland Community-based School Feeding Program (SFP). Author(s): Ismail, S. J. Jarvis, E. A. Borja-Vega, C.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 137) The impact of school food standards on children's eating habits in England. Author(s): Nelson, M. Nicholas, J. Haroun, D. Harper, C. Wood, L. Storey, C. Pearce, J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 157) Animal source foods as a food-based approach to improve diet and nutrition outcomes. Author(s): Neumann, C. G. Bwibo, N. O. Gewa, C. A. Drorbaugh, N.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 173) Adapting food-based strategies to improve the nutrition of the landless: a review of HKI's homestead food production program in Bangladesh. Author(s): Hillenbrand, E. P. Waid, J. L.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 194) The growing connection project - with a Mexico case study. Author(s): Patterson, B. Álvarez Oyarzábal, M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 202) Biofortification: a new tool to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Author(s): Bouis, H. E. Hotz, C. McClafferty, B. Meenakshi, J. V. Pfeiffer, W. H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 216) Medium-scale fortification: a sustainable food-based approach to improve diets and raise nutrition levels. Author(s): Yiannakis, M. E. Girard, A. W. MacDonald, A. C.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 230) Optimized feeding recommendations and in-home fortification to improve iron status in infants and young children in the Republic of Tajikistan: a pilot project. Author(s): Adrianopoli, M. D'Acapito, P. Ferrari, M. Mistura, L. Toti, E. Maiani, G. Truebswasser, U. Boymatova, K. Severoni, S.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 246) Towards long-term nutrition security: the role of agriculture in dietary diversity. Author(s): Thompson, B. Meerman, J.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 268) Building nutritional self-reliance. Author(s): Kent, G.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 284) Measurement of dietary diversity for monitoring the impact of food-based approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 291) Nutrition education and food security interventions to improve complementary feeding in Cambodia. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 300) Activities of the Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) of FAO to improve food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 305) The role of the Plant Production and Protection Division (AGP) of FAO in supporting crop diversification for sustainable diets and nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 311) Impact of the work of the Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division (AGS) of FAO on improving food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 320) Work of the Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA) of FAO on nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 325) Towards an improved framework for measuring undernourishment. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 328) Gender dimensions of food and nutrition security: women's roles in ensuring the success of foodbased approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 335) Food-based approaches for improving diets and raising levels of nutrition: the fish story. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 343) Forestry in improving food security and nutrition. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 351) Legal and institutional aspects of food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 356) Food and agriculture-based approaches to safeguarding nutrition before, during and after emergencies: the experience of FAO. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 362) Lessons from support given to the implementation of food security programmes in over 100 countries: the feasibility of integrated food and nutrition security (F&NS) approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 371) Using information networks to promote improved nutrition and rural development: FAO's experience of promoting school milk programmes. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 374) FAO support to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) process. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 381) Selected findings and recommendations from the symposium. Author(s): Thompson, B. Amoroso, L.