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CABI Book Chapter

Climate change impact and adaptation in agricultural systems.

Book cover for Climate change impact and adaptation in agricultural systems.

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 69)

Diversity in organic and agroecological farming systems for mitigation of climate change impact, with examples from Latin America.

This chapter reviews the impact of climate change on, and the adaptation potential of, ecologically intensive systems such as those known in different parts of the world as organic farming, or agroecology. To fit into the rationale of this book, this chapter focuses on Latin America, and on the array of organic and agroecological farming systems (OAFS) that coexist in the region. The chapter starts by defining the farming systems focused on in the chapter. Then climate change predictions for Latin America are reviewed and their impacts assessed. Next, recent evidence from global meta-analyses on the performance of OAFS is summarized. Information from OAFS from Latin America is included in the reviews but is too scant to warrant a specific section. Instead, two specific OAFS from Latin America are focused on: coffee production systems and natural grassland systems. Their current status, challenges in view of climate change predictions and adaptation options proposed in the literature are reviewed. The chapter ends by discussing the key features and impediments of OAFS and how they can help to build farming systems in the face of global and climate change.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Climate change impact and adaptation in agricultural systems - introduction. Author(s): Fuhrer, J. Gregory, P. J.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Climate projections for 2050. Author(s): Rummukainen, M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 17) Rainfed intensive crop systems. Author(s): Olesen, J. E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 31) Climate sensitivity of intensive rice-wheat systems in tropical Asia: focus on the Indo-Gangetic plains. Author(s): Singh, A. K. Pathak, H.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 47) Climate change challenges for low-input cropping and grazing systems - Australia. Author(s): Crimp, S. Howden, M. Stokes, C. Schroeter, S. Keating, B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 88) UK fruit and vegetable production - impacts of climate change and opportunities for adaptation. Author(s): Collier, R. Else, M. A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 110) Intensive livestock systems for dairy cows. Author(s): Collier, R. J. Hall, L. W. Smith, J. F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 124) Climate change and integrated crop-livestock systems in temperate-humid regions of North and South America: mitigation and adaptation. Author(s): Franzluebbers, A. J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 140) Land managed for multiple services. Author(s): Aspinall, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 155) Adaptation of mixed crop-livestock systems in Asia. Author(s): Hou FuJiang
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 167) Enhancing climate resilience of cropping systems. Author(s): Webber, H. Kahiluoto, H. Rötter, R. Ewert, F.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 186) Shaping sustainable intensive production systems: improved crops and cropping systems in the developing world. Author(s): Stirling, C. Hellin, J. Cairns, J. Silverblatt-Buser, E. Tefera, T. Ngugi, H. Gbegbelegbe, S. Tesfaye, K. Chung, U. Sonder, K. Cox, R. A. Verhulst, N. Govaerts, B. Alderman, P. Reynolds, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 204) The role of modelling in adapting and building the climate resilience of cropping systems. Author(s): Kahiluoto, H. Rötter, R. Webber, H. Ewert, F.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 216) Agroforestry solutions for buffering climate variability and adapting to change. Author(s): Noordwijk, M. van Bayala, J. Hairiah, K. Lusiana, B. Muthuri, C. Khasanah, N. Mulia, R.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 233) Channelling the future? The use of seasonal climate forecasts in climate adaptation. Author(s): Rickards, L. Howden, M. Crimp, S.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 253) Agricultural adaptation to climate change: new approaches to knowledge and learning. Author(s): Ingram, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 271) What are the factors that dictate the choice of coping strategies for extreme climate events? The case of farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia. Author(s): Deressa, T. T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen University, 6700 AN Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2014
  • ISBN
  • 9781780642895
  • Record Number
  • 20143234518