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CABI Book Chapter

Amino acids in higher plants.

Book cover for Amino acids in higher plants.

Description

This book, divided into 5 parts, deals with topics on amino acids in higher plants. Part I (enzymes and metabolism) contains 16 chapters pursuing the theme of amino acid metabolism through the driving actions of the principal enzymes, emphasizing recent advances particularly with reference to localization, biophysical characterization and regulation. Part II (dynamics) includes two chapters design...

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Chapter 8 (Page no: 142)

L-arginine-dependent nitric oxide synthase activity.

Nitric oxide (NO) has long been recognized as a signalling molecule influencing diverse physiological processes in animals. More recently, it has emerged as an innovative topic of research in plant physiology and biochemistry. During the last decade, the involvement in a plethora of functions has been attributed to NO, including seed germination, plant development and senescence, as well as the mechanisms of response to abiotic and biotic stresses. Nevertheless, the enzymatic source of NO generated in plant cells from L-arginine is still an open question. In this chapter, the current knowledge and evidence on the presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in plants will be reviewed.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Glutamate dehydrogenase. Author(s): Osuji, G. O. Madu, W. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 30) Alanine aminotransferase: amino acid metabolism in higher plants. Author(s): Raychaudhuri, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 57) Aspartate aminotransferase. Author(s): Leasure, C. D. He, Z. H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 68) Tyrosine aminotransferase. Author(s): Hudson, A. O.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 82) An insight into the role and regulation of glutamine synthetase in plants. Author(s): Sengupta-Gopalan, C. Ortega, J. L.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 100) Asparagine synthetase. Author(s): Duff, S. M. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 129) Glutamate decarboxylase. Author(s): Molina-Rueda, J. J. Garrido-Aranda, A. Gallardo, F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 156) Ornithine: at the crossroads of multiple paths to amino acids and polyamines. Author(s): Majumdar, R. Minocha, R. Minocha, S. C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 177) Polyamines in plants: biosynthesis from arginine, and metabolic, physiological and stress-response roles. Author(s): Mattoo, A. K. Fatima, T. Upadhyay, R. K. Handa, A. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 195) Serine acetyltransferase. Author(s): Watanabe, M. Hubberten, H. M. Saito, K. Hoefgen, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 219) Cysteine homeostasis. Author(s): García, I. Romero, L. C. Gotor, C.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 234) Lysine metabolism. Author(s): Medici, L. O. Nazareno, A. C. Gaziola, S. A. Schmidt, D. Azevedo, R. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) Histidine. Author(s): Ingle, R. A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 262) Amino acid synthesis under abiotic stress. Author(s): Planchet, E. Limami, A. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 277) The central role of glutamate and aspartate in the post-translational control of respiration and nitrogen assimilation in plant cells. Author(s): O'Leary, B. Plaxton, W. C.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 298) Amino acid export in plants. Author(s): Price, M. B. Okumoto, S.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 315) Uptake, transport and redistribution of amino nitrogen in woody plants. Author(s): Pfautsch, S. Bell, T. L. Gessler, A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 340) Auxin biosynthesis. Author(s): Chandler, J. W.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 362) Involvement of tryptophan-pathway-derived secondary metabolism in the defence responses of grasses. Author(s): Ishihara, A. Matsukawa, T. Nomura, T. Sue, M. Oikawa, A. Okazaki, Y. Tebayashi, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 390) Melatonin: synthesis from tryptophan and its role in higher plant. Author(s): Arnao, M. B. Hernández-Ruiz, J.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 436) Glucosinolate biosynthesis from amino acids. Author(s): Stotz, H. U. Brown, P. D. Tokuhisa, J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 448) Natural toxins that affect plant amino acid metabolism. Author(s): Duke, S. O. Dayan, F. E.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 461) Glyphosate: the fate and toxicology of a herbicidal amino acid derivative. Author(s): Saltmiras, D. A. Farmer, D. R. Mehrsheikh, A. Bleeke, M. S.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 481) Amino acid analysis of plant products. Author(s): Rutherfurd, S. M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 497) Metabolic amino acid availability in foods of plant origin: implications for human and livestock nutrition. Author(s): Levesque, C. L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 507) Toxicology of non-protein amino acids. Author(s): D'Mello, J. P. F.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 538) Delivering innovative solutions and paradigms for a changing environment. Author(s): D'Mello, J. P. F.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Granada, Spain.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2015
  • ISBN
  • 9781780642635
  • Record Number
  • 20153121418