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CABI Book Chapter

Amino acids in higher plants.

Book cover for Amino acids in higher plants.

Description

This book, divided into 5 parts, deals with topics on amino acids in higher plants. Part I (enzymes and metabolism) contains 16 chapters pursuing the theme of amino acid metabolism through the driving actions of the principal enzymes, emphasizing recent advances particularly with reference to localization, biophysical characterization and regulation. Part II (dynamics) includes two chapters design...

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Chapter 22 (Page no: 436)

Glucosinolate biosynthesis from amino acids.

Glucosinolates are natural plant products that are derived from aliphatic and aromatic amino acids by certain plants. Glucosinolates may be metabolized to a variety of potentially toxic products via myrosinase-catalysed hydrolysis. The enzyme and substrates are sequestered in different cell compartments and come into contact only upon tissue disruption. Glucosinolate-derived breakdown products are biologically active and influence interactions with insects and microbes as well as human health. In addition, indole glucosinolates contribute to the innate immune system of plants via the regulation of callose deposition in response to pathogen infection. Transcriptional regulation of glucosinolate biosynthesis is an important area of research, as is the spatial distribution of glucosinolates using imaging techniques.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Glutamate dehydrogenase. Author(s): Osuji, G. O. Madu, W. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 30) Alanine aminotransferase: amino acid metabolism in higher plants. Author(s): Raychaudhuri, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 57) Aspartate aminotransferase. Author(s): Leasure, C. D. He, Z. H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 68) Tyrosine aminotransferase. Author(s): Hudson, A. O.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 82) An insight into the role and regulation of glutamine synthetase in plants. Author(s): Sengupta-Gopalan, C. Ortega, J. L.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 100) Asparagine synthetase. Author(s): Duff, S. M. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 129) Glutamate decarboxylase. Author(s): Molina-Rueda, J. J. Garrido-Aranda, A. Gallardo, F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 142) L-arginine-dependent nitric oxide synthase activity. Author(s): Corpas, F. J. Río, L. A. del Palma, J. M. Barroso, J. B.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 156) Ornithine: at the crossroads of multiple paths to amino acids and polyamines. Author(s): Majumdar, R. Minocha, R. Minocha, S. C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 177) Polyamines in plants: biosynthesis from arginine, and metabolic, physiological and stress-response roles. Author(s): Mattoo, A. K. Fatima, T. Upadhyay, R. K. Handa, A. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 195) Serine acetyltransferase. Author(s): Watanabe, M. Hubberten, H. M. Saito, K. Hoefgen, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 219) Cysteine homeostasis. Author(s): García, I. Romero, L. C. Gotor, C.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 234) Lysine metabolism. Author(s): Medici, L. O. Nazareno, A. C. Gaziola, S. A. Schmidt, D. Azevedo, R. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 251) Histidine. Author(s): Ingle, R. A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 262) Amino acid synthesis under abiotic stress. Author(s): Planchet, E. Limami, A. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 277) The central role of glutamate and aspartate in the post-translational control of respiration and nitrogen assimilation in plant cells. Author(s): O'Leary, B. Plaxton, W. C.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 298) Amino acid export in plants. Author(s): Price, M. B. Okumoto, S.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 315) Uptake, transport and redistribution of amino nitrogen in woody plants. Author(s): Pfautsch, S. Bell, T. L. Gessler, A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 340) Auxin biosynthesis. Author(s): Chandler, J. W.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 362) Involvement of tryptophan-pathway-derived secondary metabolism in the defence responses of grasses. Author(s): Ishihara, A. Matsukawa, T. Nomura, T. Sue, M. Oikawa, A. Okazaki, Y. Tebayashi, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 390) Melatonin: synthesis from tryptophan and its role in higher plant. Author(s): Arnao, M. B. Hernández-Ruiz, J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 448) Natural toxins that affect plant amino acid metabolism. Author(s): Duke, S. O. Dayan, F. E.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 461) Glyphosate: the fate and toxicology of a herbicidal amino acid derivative. Author(s): Saltmiras, D. A. Farmer, D. R. Mehrsheikh, A. Bleeke, M. S.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 481) Amino acid analysis of plant products. Author(s): Rutherfurd, S. M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 497) Metabolic amino acid availability in foods of plant origin: implications for human and livestock nutrition. Author(s): Levesque, C. L.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 507) Toxicology of non-protein amino acids. Author(s): D'Mello, J. P. F.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 538) Delivering innovative solutions and paradigms for a changing environment. Author(s): D'Mello, J. P. F.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • School of Life and Medical Science, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, AL10 9AB, UK.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2015
  • ISBN
  • 9781780642635
  • Record Number
  • 20153121432