Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.


Continuing to use  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Conservation agriculture in subsistence farming. Case studies from South Asia and beyond.

Book cover for Conservation agriculture in subsistence farming. Case studies from South Asia and beyond.


This book focuses on the latest research in conservation agriculture (CA), with an emphasis on the applicability of results worldwide. Using South Asia as a case study, it examines the history and current state of CA regionally and globally, and explores the long-term impacts the adoption of CA practices has on the livelihoods, agricultural production, gender equity, and regional economic developm...


Chapter 3 (Page no: 55)

Potential of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for improving sustainable food and nutrition security in the hill region of Nepal.

The results of on-farm trials verified that conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) could be the suitable technology to cope with the challenges of improving food and nutrition security in the hill region of Nepal. Although CAPS did not increase the yields of individual crops, CAPS with an intercropping component increased overall food availability by allowing farmers to harvest two crops from the same land. From their first years, CAPS treatments with maize-legume and maize-millet/legume systems with conventional tillage increased economic access to food (by increasing the sales of cowpea and black gram), and improved diet quality (by increasing protein-rich food for consumption) compared to traditional systems. Although the most desirable CAPS (maize-millet/legume with strip tillage) did not have the advantage in terms of increasing food and nutritional security, it was still comparable to the traditional system, so farmers would not face yield reduction by adopting it. Unlike previous findings suggesting significant reduction of crop yields under reduced tillage practices, the reduction of yield from strip tillage was not significant in this study.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) A brief history of conservation agriculture. Author(s): Idol, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 22) Global perspectives on conservation agriculture for small households. Author(s): Ares, A. Thierfelder, C. Reyes, M. Eash, N. S. Himmelstein, J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 77) Effect of tillage, intercropping and residue cover on crop productivity, profitability, and soil fertility under tribal farming situations in Odisha, India. Author(s): Pradhan, A. Idol, T. Roul, P. K. Mishra, K. N. Chan, C. Halbrendt, J. Ray, C.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 95) Assessment of maize-based conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) in rainfed uplands of Odisha, India. Author(s): Roul, P. K. Pradhan, A. Mishra, K. N. Plabita Ray Idol, T. Dash, S. N. Chan, C. Ray, C.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 109) Risk as a determinant of adoption of conservation agriculture by smallholder farmers in Malawi. Author(s): Rust-Smith, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 133) Economic potential of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for tribal farmers in the hill region of Nepal. Author(s): Paudel, B. Chan, C. Pradhan, A. Reed, B. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 155) Evaluation of tillage and farmyard manure on soil properties and maize yield in the mid-hills of Nepal. Author(s): Pudasaini, R. Pande, K. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 171) Soil quality in conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) of rainfed, sloping land farming in the central mid-hills region of Nepal. Author(s): Crow, S. Schubert, O. Tamang, B. B. Radovich, T. Paudel, B. Halbrendt, J. Thapa, K.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 207) Preferences for conservation agriculture in developing countries: a case study on the tribal societies of India and Nepal. Author(s): Lai, C. Chan, C. Pradhan, A. Paudel, B. Reed, B. F. Halbrendt, J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 226) Empowering women through conservation agriculture: rhetoric or reality? Evidence from Malawi. Author(s): Maher, J. Wagstaff, P. O'Brien, J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 239) Gendered implications of introducing conservation agriculture (CA): a case study in the hill region of Nepal. Author(s): Halbrendt, J. Paudel, B. Chan, C.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, 1910 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2015
  • ISBN
  • 9781780644233
  • Record Number
  • 20153202586