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CABI Book Chapter

Biocontrol agents: entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes.

Book cover for Biocontrol agents: entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes.

Description

This book contains chapters that capture the full breadth of the basic and applied information on entomopathogenic (EPNs) and slug parasitic nematodes (SPNs) that are used or have potential in the management of insect pests, molluscs and/or other researched targets such as plant parasitic nematodes. The information includes the remarkable developments and latest achievements in this direction. The...

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Chapter 4 (Page no: 63)

Entomopathogenic nematodes: general biology and behaviour.

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) parasitize the insect host by entering into the host body, and they lead an endoparasitic mode of life. The symbiotic bacteria associated with them play an important role in the suppression of insect pests. Approximately 30-500 symbiotic bacteria (including Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus spp.) are reported to be associated with the two nematodes, Steinernema and Heterorhabditis. EPNs and the symbiotic bacteria control a wide range of insect pests living in the soil and in cryptic habits. This chapter focuses on the general biology of EPNs. The symbiotic relationships of nematodes and bacteria, and the survival biology (including cold, heat and desiccation tolerance) and foraging behaviour of nematodes are discussed in detail.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Beneficial nematodes in agroecosystems: a global perspective. Author(s): Askary, T. H. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 26) Beneficial nematodes and the changing scope of crop protection. Author(s): Coupland, J. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M. Askary, T. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 45) Entomopathogenic nematodes of the families Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae: morphology and taxonomy. Author(s): Spiridonov, S. E.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 88) Entomopathogenic nematodes: ecology, diversity and geographical distribution. Author(s): Hussaini, S. S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 143) Molecular systematics and phylogenetic reconstruction of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis. Author(s): Luca, F. de Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 157) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against lepidopteran insect pests. Author(s): Saleh, M. M. E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 174) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against coleopteran pests. Author(s): Banu, J. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 192) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against dipteran pests. Author(s): Abdel-Razek, A. S.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 208) Control of stored grain pests by entomopathogenic nematodes. Author(s): Shahina Fayyaz Salma Javed Rumbos, C. I. Athanassiou, C. G.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 223) Toxic secretions of Xenorhabdus and their efficacy against crop insect pests. Author(s): Nazir Javed Muhammad Kamran Huma Abbas
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) Toxic secretions of Photorhabdus and their efficacy against crop insect pests. Author(s): Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 261) Entomopathogenic nematodes: mass production, formulation and application. Author(s): Askary, T. H. Ahmad, M. J.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 289) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in the USA. Author(s): Stevens, G. Lewis, E.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 312) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Canada. Author(s): Yu Qing Sun FengCheng Coupland, J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 327) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Argentina. Author(s): Fernanda Achinelly, M. Camino, N. Eliceche, D. Salas, A. Rusconi, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 348) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Brazil. Author(s): Leite, L. G. Andaló, V. Dolinski, C. Moino Junior, A. Batista, E. Iede, E. T.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 362) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in India. Author(s): Sankaranarayanan, C. Askary, T. H.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 383) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Pakistan. Author(s): Shahina Fayyaz Firoza Kazi Khanum, T. A.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 409) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in South Africa. Author(s): Hatting, J. L. Malan, A. P.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 429) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Italy. Author(s): Tarasco, E. Ragni, A. Curto, G.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 445) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Poland. Author(s): Kowalska, J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 457) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in China. Author(s): Wang CongLi Li ChunJie
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 473) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Egypt. Author(s): Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 505) Genetic improvement of entomopathogenic nematodes for enhanced biological control. Author(s): Baiocchi, T. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M. Dillman, A. R.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 518) Breeding entomopathogenic nematodes for enhanced insect pest suppression. Author(s): Subramanian, S. Muthulakshmi, M.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 533) Slug parasitic nematodes: biology, parasitism, production and application. Author(s): Nermuthacek˜, J. Pudot over˜ža, V.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 548) The discovery and commercialization of a slug parasitic nematode. Author(s): Glen, D. M. Coupland, J.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 560) Phasmarhabditis: the slug and snail parasitic nematodes in North America. Author(s): Ley, I. T. de McDonnell, R. Paine, T. D. Ley, P. de
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 581) Compatibility between entomopathogenic nematodes and phytopharmaceuticals. Author(s): Laznik, Ž. Trdan, S.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 596) Strategies for making entomopathogenic nematodes cost-effective biocontrol agents. Author(s): Nagesh, M. Askary, T. H. Balachander Manohar Arakalagud, S. N. Rajan
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 620) Future thrusts in expanding the use of entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes in agriculture. Author(s): Askary, T. H. Nermuthacek˜, J. Ahmad, M. J. Ganai, M. A.