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CABI Book Chapter

Biocontrol agents: entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes.

Book cover for Biocontrol agents: entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes.

Description

This book contains chapters that capture the full breadth of the basic and applied information on entomopathogenic (EPNs) and slug parasitic nematodes (SPNs) that are used or have potential in the management of insect pests, molluscs and/or other researched targets such as plant parasitic nematodes. The information includes the remarkable developments and latest achievements in this direction. The...

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Chapter 13 (Page no: 261)

Entomopathogenic nematodes: mass production, formulation and application.

The critical factors in making entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) successful biological control agents of crop insect pests are their production and application technology. EPNs can be mass produced in vivo (baiting technique on insects) and commercially in vitro (solid/liquid media) and utilized against a variety of crop insect pests of a soil-dwelling and above-ground nature, i.e. foliar, epigeal or cryptic habitats. While planning for the successful utilization of EPNs against target insect pests, some points need to be taken into consideration, which include the mass production of EPNs, their proper formulation with an aim to achieve a longer shelf life and the appropriate application technology, whether as soil application or injection/spraying. Besides, quality tests of nematodes under laboratory and field conditions and post-field transportation need to be assessed. This also includes the nematode's viability and virulence capability. This chapter focuses on two EPNs, namely Steinernema and Heterorhabditis, and on recent techniques in their mass production and formulation, as well as application, both in soil and on the foliage surface or cryptic habitats for the management of crop insect pests. Future prospects are also mentioned.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Beneficial nematodes in agroecosystems: a global perspective. Author(s): Askary, T. H. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 26) Beneficial nematodes and the changing scope of crop protection. Author(s): Coupland, J. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M. Askary, T. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 45) Entomopathogenic nematodes of the families Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae: morphology and taxonomy. Author(s): Spiridonov, S. E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 63) Entomopathogenic nematodes: general biology and behaviour. Author(s): Banu, J. G. Cannayane, I. Meena, K. S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 88) Entomopathogenic nematodes: ecology, diversity and geographical distribution. Author(s): Hussaini, S. S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 143) Molecular systematics and phylogenetic reconstruction of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis. Author(s): Luca, F. de Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 157) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against lepidopteran insect pests. Author(s): Saleh, M. M. E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 174) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against coleopteran pests. Author(s): Banu, J. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 192) Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against dipteran pests. Author(s): Abdel-Razek, A. S.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 208) Control of stored grain pests by entomopathogenic nematodes. Author(s): Shahina Fayyaz Salma Javed Rumbos, C. I. Athanassiou, C. G.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 223) Toxic secretions of Xenorhabdus and their efficacy against crop insect pests. Author(s): Nazir Javed Muhammad Kamran Huma Abbas
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 231) Toxic secretions of Photorhabdus and their efficacy against crop insect pests. Author(s): Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 289) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in the USA. Author(s): Stevens, G. Lewis, E.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 312) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Canada. Author(s): Yu Qing Sun FengCheng Coupland, J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 327) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Argentina. Author(s): Fernanda Achinelly, M. Camino, N. Eliceche, D. Salas, A. Rusconi, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 348) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Brazil. Author(s): Leite, L. G. Andaló, V. Dolinski, C. Moino Junior, A. Batista, E. Iede, E. T.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 362) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in India. Author(s): Sankaranarayanan, C. Askary, T. H.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 383) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Pakistan. Author(s): Shahina Fayyaz Firoza Kazi Khanum, T. A.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 409) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in South Africa. Author(s): Hatting, J. L. Malan, A. P.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 429) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Italy. Author(s): Tarasco, E. Ragni, A. Curto, G.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 445) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Poland. Author(s): Kowalska, J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 457) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in China. Author(s): Wang CongLi Li ChunJie
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 473) Status of entomopathogenic nematodes in integrated pest management strategies in Egypt. Author(s): Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 505) Genetic improvement of entomopathogenic nematodes for enhanced biological control. Author(s): Baiocchi, T. Abd-Elgawad, M. M. M. Dillman, A. R.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 518) Breeding entomopathogenic nematodes for enhanced insect pest suppression. Author(s): Subramanian, S. Muthulakshmi, M.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 533) Slug parasitic nematodes: biology, parasitism, production and application. Author(s): Nermuthacek˜, J. Pudot over˜ža, V.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 548) The discovery and commercialization of a slug parasitic nematode. Author(s): Glen, D. M. Coupland, J.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 560) Phasmarhabditis: the slug and snail parasitic nematodes in North America. Author(s): Ley, I. T. de McDonnell, R. Paine, T. D. Ley, P. de
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 581) Compatibility between entomopathogenic nematodes and phytopharmaceuticals. Author(s): Laznik, Ž. Trdan, S.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 596) Strategies for making entomopathogenic nematodes cost-effective biocontrol agents. Author(s): Nagesh, M. Askary, T. H. Balachander Manohar Arakalagud, S. N. Rajan
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 620) Future thrusts in expanding the use of entomopathogenic and slug parasitic nematodes in agriculture. Author(s): Askary, T. H. Nermuthacek˜, J. Ahmad, M. J. Ganai, M. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Division of Entomology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Main Campus, Shalimar, Srinagar - 190 025, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2017
  • ISBN
  • 9781786390004
  • Record Number
  • 20173212284