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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Fair Trade and organic agriculture: a winning combination?

Book cover for Fair Trade and organic agriculture: a winning combination?


This book pursues a twofold aim: (i) to assess the welfare impacts of either an organic or a Fair Trade certification system, or of both systems in combination, on smallholders in developing countries; and (ii) to examine the willingness of consumers in the developed world to pay for such certified produce. The book consists of 16 chapters, with chapters 6-9 presenting consumer case studies from t...


Chapter 14 (Page no: 157)

Certifying coffee cooperatives in Ethiopia, India and Nicaragua: how far do small-scale coffee producers benefit?

This chapter investigates and compares the livelihood impacts of Fair Trade and/or organic certification for smallholder coffee farmers in primary cooperatives in Ethiopia, India and Nicaragua. The quantitative findings of this chapter show that certification on average has a differential impact in the three countries and this impact is highly case- and context-specific. The findings in Ethiopia show that Fair Trade certified cooperatives have done far less to improve farmers' incomes and livelihoods. In the Indian case study, however, Fair Trade certification has positively affected farmers' income. The findings in Nicaragua show that farmers in organic and organic-Fair Trade certified cooperatives receive comparatively higher farm-gate prices but also that these price advantages are mostly nullified by lower yields. Overall, it is concluded that certification schemes, especially the double certified ones, can contribute to poverty reduction if complemented by efficient and frictionless local frameworks and by other effective development strategies.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An overview of organic agriculture and Fair Trade systems. Author(s): Parvathi, P. Waibel, H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Organic and Fairtrade markets at a glance. Author(s): Lernoud, J. Willer, H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 15) Organic and Fairtrade production worldwide. Author(s): Lernoud, J. Willer, H.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 30) Evolution of producer organizations in Fair Trade coffee certification. Author(s): Capote-Fuentes, R. T. Grote, U. Byers, L. Stellmacher, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 43) Methodological toolbox. Author(s): Waibel, H. Parvathi, P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 51) Consumer behaviour in the organic and Fair Trade food market in Europe. Author(s): Zander, K. Schleenbecker, R. Hamm, U.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 61) Multiple certifications and consumer purchase decisions: a case study of willingness to pay for coffee in Germany. Author(s): Basu, A. K. Grote, U. Hicks, R. Stellmacher, T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 76) Consumers' information search and preferences for Fair Trade coffee: a case study from Germany. Author(s): Schleenbecker, R. Zander, K. Hamm, U.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 88) Gender-equality chocolate: a missing market? Author(s): Goldvale, C. Viennet, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 103) Fair Trade certification on plantations: household wealth and welfare implications for hired labour. Author(s): Krumbiegel, K. Wollni, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 118) Assessing the benefits of organic and Fair Trade production for small-scale farmers in Asia. Author(s): Qiao YuHui
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 130) The impact of certification on material input costs in India. Author(s): Parvathi, P. Waibel, H.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 141) Dovetailing Fair Trade and organic agro-certifications in Latin America: how the twins can meet? Author(s): Fort, R. Ruben, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 173) The relevance of reliability, reputation and respect for producer-level benefits of organic and Fair Trade certification for smallholders. Author(s): Kleemann, L.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 184) The way forward. Author(s): Parvathi, P. Grote, U. Waibel, H.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • School of Management, National Institute of Technology, Karnataka, India.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2018
  • ISBN
  • 9781786393050
  • Record Number
  • 20173372693