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CABI Book Chapter

Animal welfare.

Book cover for Animal welfare.

Description

This third edition of "Animal Welfare" has 407 pages and is divided into five parts. Part I, Issues, introduces the background and philosophy of the subject. Part II covers problems for animal welfare, starting in chapter 3 with the animal's interactions with its environment. The following four chapters use categories similar to the UK Farm Animal Welfare Committee's (undated) Five Freedoms, altho...

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Chapter 11 (Page no: 213)

Preference and motivation research.

A major approach in animal welfare science involves research on animals' preferences for options such as ambient temperature, illumination, and types of flooring, and on the strength of animals' motivation to perform certain types of behaviour, obtain certain resources and avoid unpleasant features of their housing and handling. Various cautions need to be taken into account in such research. The preferences of an animal are likely to vary with the animal's condition, the time of day, environmental conditions and the animal's ongoing behaviour; therefore, preference experiments must be comprehensive enough to identify the relevant sources of variation. Experiments must also avoid confounding preference with familiarity. Preference research is most useful if it identifies the factors underlying the preferences that animals show. To draw inferences about animal welfare from preference research generally requires that we establish how strongly an animal prefers a chosen option or is motivated to perform a type of behaviour (such as nest building or exploration) that a given environment allows. Various measures of motivation strength have been used, mostly based on determining how hard an animal will work, or what other benefits it will forgo, to obtain a preferred option. The conditions preferred by an animal will often promote its welfare. However, preferences may not correspond to welfare if the choices fall outside the animals' sensory, cognitive and affective capacities, or if animals are asked to make choices very unlike those that would have occurred in the environment where the species evolved. There is great scope for incorporating knowledge of animals' preferences and motivations into the design of animal housing and management, and for integrating preference research with other indicators of animal welfare.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Animal ethics. Author(s): Palmer, C. Sandøe, P.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 16) Understanding animal welfare. Author(s): Keeling, L. J. Rushen, J. Duncan, I. J. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 39) Environmental challenge and animal agency. Author(s): Špinka, M. Wemelsfelder, F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) Hunger and thirst. Author(s): Kyriazakis, I. Tolkamp, B.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 76) Pain. Author(s): Viñuela-Fernández, I. Weary, D. M. Flecknell, P. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 92) Fear and other negative emotions. Author(s): Boissy, A. Dwyer, C. M. Jones, R. B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 114) Frustration and boredom in impoverished environments. Author(s): Mason, G. J. Burn, C. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 141) Health and disease. Author(s): Cockram, M. S. Hughes, B. O.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 160) Behaviour. Author(s): Olsson, I. A. S. Würbel, H. Mench, J. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) Physiology. Author(s): Blache, D. Terlouw, C. Maloney, S. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 232) Practical strategies to assess (and improve) welfare. Author(s): Butterworth, A. Mench, J. A. Wielebnowski, N. Olsson, I. A. S.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) Physical conditions. Author(s): Nielsen, B. L. Appleby, M. C. Waran, N. K.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 271) Social conditions. Author(s): Galindo, F. Newberry, R. C. Mendl, M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 294) Human contact. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H. Sherwen, S. L. Coleman, G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 315) Genetic selection. Author(s): Hocking, P. M. D'Eath, R. B. Kjaer, J. B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 335) Economics. Author(s): Bennett, R. M. Thompson, P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 349) Regulation, enforcement and incentives. Author(s): Knierim, U. Pajor, E. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 362) International issues. Author(s): Appleby, M. C. Huertas, S. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, and W. Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2018
  • ISBN
  • 9781786390202
  • Record Number
  • 20183074176